Face perception -- Physiological aspects. Face perception -- Social aspects. Sex differences (Psychology). Neuropsychology.
The general objective of the current thesis was to investigate the neural substrates underlying the perception of opposite-sex faces. Building on what is already known about the distributed network of brain areas supporting various dimensions of...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...
I consider the problem of extending certain invariants of subsets of natural numbers to their equivalents for subsets of larger cardinals. The two specific questions I will address are the extension of the off-branch number [Special characters...
Single cycle electromagnetic pulses have been difficult to experimentally generate and to theoretically analyze. With the recent development of terahertz systems based on near infrared femtosecond lasers it has become possible to perform single...
Pervasive computing leads to an increased integration between the real world and the computational world, and many applications in pervasive computing adapt to the user's context, such as the location of the user and relevant devices, the presence...
Coding theory. Characters of groups. Error-correcting codes (Information theory). Polynomials.
We introduce vector-valued character theory, a higher dimensional generalization of character theory. We then use vector-valued characters to extend the MacWilliams equivalence theorem for linear codes to a class of additive codes, called...
Social networks -- Mathematical models. Social networks -- Computer simulation. Dynamics. Social sciences -- Network analysis -- Methodology.
Detecting the significance of relationships between people is a complicated and difficult task. This is especially true when these relationships are intermixed with hundreds of different mundane and ordinary interactions that are simply background...
In order to most effectively investigate protein structure and improve protein function, it is necessary to carefully plan appropriate experiments. The combinatorial number of possible experiment plans demands effective criteria and efficient...
The demand for novel molecularly targeted drugs will continue to rise as we make progress toward personalizing cancer treatments to the molecular signatures of individual tumors. While the collection and analysis of genomic data has become routine,...
This thesis centers around a generalization of the classical discrete Fourier transform. We first present a general diagrammatic approach to the construction of efficient algorithms for computing the Fourier transform of a function on a finite...
Microwave spectroscopy. Imaging systems -- Design and construction. Diagnostic imaging -- Digital techniques. Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis. Microwave imaging in medicine.
Microwave spectroscopy has been investigated as a possible modality for breast imaging because of the significant contrast in electrical properties between normal and malignant tissue over the microwave spectrum. A liquid-coupled, non-contacting...
In this thesis we review the methods for computation of cosmological correlations in the early universe known as the in-in formalism which are then applied to the problem of magnetogenesis from inflation. For this computation, a power-law single...
For a long-lived metastable system, the decay of the survival probability is typically exponential. However, deviations are known to exist at short times (the quantum Zeno effect) and at long times (algebraic tails in classical hydrodynamic...
The human female reproductive tract (FRT) maintains a state of immune tolerance to spermatozoa and fetal allografts, while retaining the capacity to respond to a number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including human immunodeficiecy virus...
Sexual dimorphism in immune responses suggests that sex steroid hormones are involved in modulating immune mechanisms in vivo . Sepsis-related mortality rates increase after menopause, implicating 17ÃŸ-estradiol (estradiol) as an important factor...
Novel biotherapeutics have reshaped drug discovery and promise a continued revolution in disease therapy, yet therapeutic proteins present unique design challenges. One distinguishing risk factor is the prospect of eliciting an adaptive immune...
Recent years have witnessed a new class of monitoring applications that need to continuously collect information from remote data sources. Those data sources, such as web click-streams, stock quotes, and sensor data, are often characterized as...
In this thesis we develop a theory of Fourier analysis and fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) for finite inverse semigroups. Our results generalize results in the theory of Fourier analysis for finite groups. There is a general method for generating...
Friction severely limits performance in precise positioning systems. This thesis investigates one possible approach to counter friction related performance losses, friction cancellation. In this method a friction observer is used to estimate...
Safety in transportation systems is a global concern with millions of road accidents happening worldwide every year. Despite sophisticated advancement in automotive design and accident serverity reduction technologies, traffic fatalities continue...
Topological graph theory. Aperiodicity. Paths and cycles (Graph theory)
The condition ""every cycle has an entry"" first appeared in the literature in Kumjian, Pask, and Raeburn's paper on Cuntz-Krieger algebras of directed graphs, where it was called Condition (L). It provides a necessary condition for simplicity of...
This project focuses on the development of research tools and methods that are used to study the relationship between neural activity and subsequent hemodynamic responses in the human brain. This relationship, referred to as neurovascular coupling,...
Recent technological advances have fostered the emergence of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which consist of tiny, wireless, battery-powered nodes that are expected to revolutionize the ways in which we understand and construct complex physical...
The purpose of this thesis is to describe methods for detecting hidden crevasses on glaciers in Polar regions. Crevasses form in ice sheets as a result of forces imposed upon the brittle ice. The crevasses are hidden from view by bridges of soft...
Molecular optical imaging in vivo has potential for functional assessment of tumor tissue at the cellular and subcellular level. Advances in biological understanding of genomics and proteomics have increased the knowledge of possible cellular...
At the heart of computer games and computer generated films lies 3D content creation. A student wanting to learn how to create and edit 3D meshes can quickly find thousands of videos explaining the workflow process. These videos are a popular...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
The ubiquitous complexity of common diseases is one of the biggest challenges facing the field of personalized treatments and precision medicine. This complexity can be attributed to various sources such as the genetic make-up of an individual,...
In this thesis we study 1=k-geodesics, those closed geodesics that minimize on any subinterval of length L=k, where L is the length of the geodesic. These curves arise as critical points of the uniform energy, a function introduced in Morse theory...
The accelerated expansion of space in the Universe has been known for two decades. However, finding a plausible theory that describes this expansion is more difficult: Taking general relativity for granted requires us to stipulate the existence of...
Prostate cancer (PCa) recurrences are often predicted by assessing the status of surgical margins (SM) â€“ positive surgical margins (PSM) increase the chances of biochemical recurrence by 2-4 times which may lead to PCa recurrence. At present,...
Partially ordered sets and permutations are combinatorial structures having vast applications in theoretical computer science. In this thesis, we study various computational and algorithmic problems related to these structures. The first chapter of...
Vibrio cholerae is a water-borne, Gram negative enteropathogen that causes the gastrointestinal disorder, cholera, in humans. A critical step in cholera pathogenesis is the attachment and colonization of intestinal cells, and the formation of...
Digital cinematography. ; Cinematography -- Lighting -- Data processing -- Evaluation. ; Cinematography -- Special effects -- Data processing -- Evaluation. ; User interfaces (Computer systems) -- Evaluation.
We define appearance design as the creation and editing of scene content such as lighting and surface materials in computer graphics. The appearance design process takes a significant amount of time relative to other production tasks and poses...