For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Ξ n and Δ n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Δ n in Ξ 2 n ....
Studies have implicated the essential role of Vitamin A (VA) and its active metobolite, retinoic acid (RA) in both host defense and tolerance through manipulation of various immune cells, including T cells, B cells, macrophages and others. CD8⁺ T...
Brain tumors account for ~2% of all cancers, with gliomas accounting for ~70% of all brain tumors. Evidence suggests that extent of resection provides both a quality of life and survival benefit to patients. Recent work has shown the utility of...
Limbic system -- Psychophysiology. ; Neuropsychology. ; Cell interaction.
Previous research has identified neurons in a variety of limbic structures which discharge in relation to the animals ongoing head direction (HD) (Ranck 1984; Taube et al. 1990a) or location (O''Keefe & Dostrovsky 1971). Because these signals...
The problem of perceived annoyance as a function of number of noise events and maximum noise level was investigated in a series of seven laboratory experiments. Four models were tested: the Equal Energy Model, the Scandinavian Model, the Variance...
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa secretes a protein that triggers the accelerated degradation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in airway epithelial cells. This protein, known as the CFTR inhibitory...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
For a long-lived metastable system, the decay of the survival probability is typically exponential. However, deviations are known to exist at short times (the quantum Zeno effect) and at long times (algebraic tails in classical hydrodynamic...
Type 4 prepilins and prepilin-like-proteins are secreted by a wide range of bacterial species and are required for a variety of functions including type 4 pilus (Tfp) formation, toxin and other enzyme secretion, gene transfer, and biofilm...
An efficient synthetic approach to both 2-acyl-1-(substituted)indoles and 2-nitro-1-(substituted)indoles by reaction of 2-lithio-1-(substituted)indoles with appropriate electrophiles is presented. Inverse quenching of 2-lithioindoles 5 and 208 with...
The first chapter of this thesis encompasses progress towards the X-ray structure determination and drug design for the dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase (DHFR-TS) enzyme from the protozoa Toxoplasma gondii, along with another mutant...
Van Allen radiation belts -- Mathematical models. Electrons -- Diffusion -- Mathematical models. Magnetohydrodynamic waves -- Mathematical models.
It is becoming increasingly important to understand the dynamics of radiation belt energetic particles given their potentially hazardous effects on satellites and our ever-increasing dependence on those satellites. There is a need to determine...
Mitomycin C -- Mechanism of action. ; DNA -- Effect of mitomycin C on. ; Genetic expression -- Effect of mitomycin C on. ; DNA-protein interactions -- Effect of mitomycin C on.
Mitomycin C (MMC) is a chemotherapeutic drug that reacts with the N$\sp2$ of guanine to form monoadducts, interstrand and intrastrand crosslinks. These lesions, especially the interstrand crosslink, are believed to be responsible for the potent...
Purple sulfur bacteria (PSB) can dominate the nitrogen, carbon, and sulfur cycles in anoxic ecosystems via their anoxygenic photosynthetic metabolisms and are the only producers of the carotenoid, okenone, a biomarker targeted for photic zone...
The circadian clock of the filamentous fungus, Neurospora crassa, consists of a frequency-white-collar ( frq-wc ) based and transcription-translation-derived oscillator. Negative feedback regulation is essential for the oscillatory process, in...
Space perception. ; Motion perception (Vision). ; Vestibular apparatus.
Head Direction (HD) cells are neurons located primarily in the limbic system that fire as a function of directional heading in the horizontal, or yaw, plane in the freely moving animal. Our hypothesis is that the HD signal is the result of two...
Retinoids -- Mechanism of action. ; Post-translational modification. ; Tretinoin -- Therapeutic use. ; Lungs -- Cancer -- Chemoprevention.
The retinoids--natural and synthetic derivatives of vitamin A--are active in cancer therapy and chemoprevention. The signals that underlie retinoid clinical activity are triggered by induction of retinoid target genes. Therefore, a greater...
Elevated sympathetic discharge from the CNS is an underlying pathogenic mechanism in neurogenic hypertension and an exacerbating factor in chronic heart failure (CHF). Current treatment of these diseases focuses on attenuation of the downstream...