The confluence of patient, provider, and system level factors contributes to excess mortality due to preventable medical conditions among people with serious mental illness (SMI) compared to the general population. Study one explored how...
The motivational and rewarding properties of our immediate environment affect how humans interact with our world in a number of ways. One important aspect in which reward representation shapes behavior is in the development, maintenance and...
Traditionally, mast cells have been studied for their role as proinflammatory effector cells in allergic disorders. Recent findings however have opened up the discussion in the community of immunologists regarding MCs should be considered as...
Ciliata -- Effect of sediments on. ; Ciliata -- Effect of habitat modification on. ; Plankton -- Effect of sediments on. ; Plankton -- Effect of habitat modification on.
We expect wireless body-area networks of pervasive wearable devices will enable in situ health monitoring, personal assistance, entertainment personalization, and home automation. As these devices become ubiquitous, we also expect them to...
Brain tumors account for ~2% of all cancers, with gliomas accounting for ~70% of all brain tumors. Evidence suggests that extent of resection provides both a quality of life and survival benefit to patients. Recent work has shown the utility of...
Earth's high latitude ionosphere, highly disturbed by particle and energy inputs and associated aurora, is the stage for plasma wave activity across a wide range of frequencies. These waves often exhibit strikingly distinct time-frequency structure...
Spatial heterogeneity inherent in ecological systems impacts both diversity and community structure. However, little is known about the influence of habitat heterogeneity on temporal variability in communities. I performed several studies to...
Cellulolytic microorganisms hold promise for industrially applied microbial cellulose utilization in the generation biofuels from renewable resources. Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), a one-step process combining cellulase production, cellulose...
Statement of the problem. Drug-eluting stents (DES) dramatically reduce the incidence of coronary restenosis, a frequent complication of percutaneous coronary interventions in the treatment of obstructive arterial diseases. However, they have been...
How is concrete conceptual information represented in the brain? Little is known about the neural organization for details of concrete objects when presented as words. The goal of the first two studies was to investigate this. In the third study,...
We present a number of findings concerning groupoid dynamical systems and groupoid crossed products. The primary result is an identification of the spectrum of the groupoid crossed product when the groupoid has continuously varying abelian...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
Space plasmas. ; Magnetopause. ; Solar wind. ; Magnetic flux. ; Plasma astrophysics.
Two types of two-dimensional (2-D), coherent (time-stationary) space plasma structures, described by one-fluid, magnetostatic and isotropic plasma theory, are examined. One is the internal structure of the Earth's magnetopause and the other is...
Proteins are ubiquitous in cells and are essential to a wide range of biological processes. Since existing proteins occupy only a small portion of the space of possible amino acid composition, understanding their sequence-structure-function...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
Optical tomography. ; Near infrared spectroscopy. ; Image analysis -- Mathematical models. ; Imaging systems -- Image quality -- Mathematical models. ; Image reconstruction -- Mathematical models. ; Least squares. Breast -- Tomography.
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has the potential to become a non-invasive and non-ionizing diagnostic imaging technique for breast cancer imaging. DOT uses near-infrared (NIR) light to illuminate the breast, generally through the use of fiber...