Thermodynamics, and the classic balance between entropy and enthalpy, provides a proverbial zoo of exotic phase behaviour that chemists can harness to create new materials out of simple liquids and polymers. The diversity of self-assembling...
Robustness to genetic perturbations is a fundamental property of all living things. The genetic code is degenerate, RNA secondary structure is robust to sequence changes, and protein structure is robust to amino acid substitutions. Complex systems...
Quantitative Risk Analysis of Computer Networks (QSRA) addresses the problem of risk opacity of software in networks. It allows risk managers to get a detailed and comprehensive snapshot of the constitutive software on the network, assess its risk...
Information retrieval -- Mathematical models. ; Electronic information resource searching. ; Computer algorithms. ; Decision making -- Data processing. ; Mathematical optimization.
This thesis presents a unified method for simultaneous solution of three problems in Information Retrieval--metasearch (the fusion of ranked lists returned by retrieval systems to elicit improved performance), efficient system evaluation (the...
In the past decade, the use of ordinal patterns in the analysis of time series and dynamical systems has become an important tool. Ordinal patterns (otherwise known as a permutation patterns) are found in time series by taking n data points at...
T cells. T cells -- Receptors. CD antigens. CD4 antigen. Immunologic memory. Herpesvirus diseases -- Immunological aspects. Vaccinia. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes -- immunology. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes -- immunology. Herpesviridae Infections --...
The phenomenon of immunological memory has been known for thousands of years. This knowledge has been applied to vaccination, which has resulted in a dramatic reduction in the number of deaths due to infectious diseases. Immunological memory is...
Cupredoxins, such as stellacyanin, plastocyanin, amicyanin, rusticyanin, and azurin perform electron transfer (ET) reactions with partner protein(s) in the cell. The role of the redox cofactor in these proteins is played by a copper ion, which...
'Orthogonal modular forms are algebraic modular forms arising from lattices in quadratic spaces. In this thesis, we define orthogonal modular forms, establish their basic properties, and then apply them to a case of ternary quadratic spaces to...
Brain mapping via EEG activation is a useful tool of basic neuroscience, and has wide clinical applications as well. The mapping is achieved by means of Event Related Potentials (ERPs), task-related changes in EEG time series. The methodology of...
An important mode of stabilization of cations in biochemical reactions is interaction with the Ï€ systems-of aromatic residues. As part of an investigation of the interaction of carbocations with aromatic Ï€ systems, a study of various model...
Modern distributed systems scatter sensors, storage, and computation throughout the environment. Ideally these devices communicate and share resources, but there is seldom motivation for a device''s owner to yield control to another user. We...
The pain that follows nerve injury is chronic and consistently refractory to available analgesics. Neuropathic pain syndromes include deafferentation pain, diabetic, cancer and ischemic neuropathies, phantom limb pain, trigeminal neuralgia,...
Siegel domains. Modular groups. Hecke algebras. Forms
In the 1960s Satake proved the existence of an isomorphism between the local Hecke algebra and the ring of polynomials invariant under the action of the signed permutation group W n (the Weyl group associated to Sp n over a local field)....
This thesis describes a new synthesis of substituted (3H)-1,2-dithiole-3-thiones (dithiolethiones) from readily available starting materials. Dithiolethiones have a wide variety of industrial and pharmaceutical applications. These include use as...
DC-to-DC converters -- Design and construction. Electric inductors -- Design and construction. Thin film devices -- Design and construction. Microprocessors -- Power supply. Microfabrication. Transients (Dynamics).
Let K be the function field over a finite field of odd order, and let H be a definite quaternion algebra over K. If Î‘ is an order of level M in H , we define theta series for each ideal I of Î‘ using the reduced norm on H. Using harmonic analysis...
Chronic neuropathic pain is a debilitating condition that exacts an emotional and physical toll on its sufferers and their family as well as an enormous monetary toll on society. Neuropathic pain can arise following nerve injury induced by trauma,...
Stark-geometry photorefractive multiple quantum well (PR-MQW) spatial light modulators (SLMs) show promise for several optoelectronic applications such as high-speed image correlation and real-time 3-D holographic imaging. Their performance is...
RUNX1 is a transcription factor regulating hematopoietic development. Study of the RUNX1 structure revealed two functional domains. The runt domain binds DNA and mediates interaction with CBFÃŸ. Sequences C terminal to the runt domain form the...