We provide a theoretical model for a design involving a dc voltage biased Josephson junction (JJ) that strongly drives a high quality factor microwave cavity via the ac Josephson effect. We explore the rich classical dynamics of the resultant...
This thesis contains material relating to two separate subjects. The first section determines when the C*-algebra affiliated to a directed graph has continuous trace. We use groupoid methods and the focus is on producing conditions on a graph that...
In this thesis I present analyses of optical and X-ray data of early-type galaxies in nearby rich clusters as part of the NOAO Fundamental Plane Survey. Spectroscopic parameters, including linestrengths and velocity dispersions are measured for...
For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Ξ n and Δ n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Δ n in Ξ 2 n ....
In large and complex networks such as the Internet and road networks, traffic routing is typically decentralized. Users in the network choose their routes independently to minimize their own delay, leading to complicated and nonintuitive outcomes...
Voltage-dependent sodium channels (Na v ) are critical determinants of the ability of a neuron to generate and propagate action potentials. While a large family of Na v isoforms has been identified, the impact of specific isoforms on the electrical...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of acquired disability in children, yet innate repair mechanisms are incompletely understood. A possible innate mechanism to repair injury after insult is neurogenesis - the birth, migration,...
The fluxes of radiation belt electrons are highly variable, due to a competition between various acceleration, loss, and transport processes. Studies of any of the processes are equally important. My study focuses on electron-EMIC (electromagnetic...
We have a limited understanding of how an opinion is originated, how an opinion and information supporting and explaining it gets conveyed, and how the communicated opinion is perceived and processed by others. One direction of current research...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
Mutualisms may facilitate coupled population expansion or decline if changes in either partner species lead to similar changes in the other species. However, few studies have measured how both species in a mutualism respond to changes in each...
The accelerated expansion of space in the Universe has been known for two decades. However, finding a plausible theory that describes this expansion is more difficult: Taking general relativity for granted requires us to stipulate the existence of...
Novel biotherapeutics have reshaped drug discovery and promise a continued revolution in disease therapy, yet therapeutic proteins present unique design challenges. One distinguishing risk factor is the prospect of eliciting an adaptive immune...
Serotonergic and non-serotonergic neurons located in the medullary raphe region of the mammalian brainstem are involved in numerous physiological processes. Concerning respiration, neurons in this region have been found to be chemosensitive, i.e.,...
Sorting very large datasets is a key subroutine in almost any application that is built on top of a large database. Two ways to sort out-of-core data dominate the literature: merging-based algorithms and partitioning-based algorithms. Within these...
Goldman and Turaev constructed a Lie bialgebra structure on the free Z-module generated by free homotopy classes of loops on an oriented surface. Turaev conjectured that the cobracket of A is zero if and only if A is a power of a simple class. Chas...
The TP63 gene produces a series of transcription factors as a result of multiple promoter usage and alternative splicing. These protein products are members of the p53 family of transcription factors due to strong structural similarity with...
The purpose of this thesis is to describe methods for detecting hidden crevasses on glaciers in Polar regions. Crevasses form in ice sheets as a result of forces imposed upon the brittle ice. The crevasses are hidden from view by bridges of soft...
PDZ protein-protein interaction domains recognize short linear motif (SLiM) sequences typically at the extreme C-terminus of a target protein. These domains often act as scaffolds, connecting target proteins to additional interaction and catalytic...
In Chapter 2 we look at the distribution of permutation statistics in the context of pattern-avoiding permutations. The first part of this chapter deals with a recursively defined bijection of Robertson [37] between 123- and 132-avoiding...
The problem of moving rigid bodies efficiently is of particular interest in robotics because the simplest model of a mobile robot or of a manipulated object is often a rigid body. Path planning, controller design and robot design may all benefit...
For ordinary knots in R 3 , there are no degree one Vassiliev invariants. For virtual knots, however, the space of degree one Vassiliev invariants is infinite dimensional. We introduce a sequence of three degree one Vassiliev invariants of virtual...
Immune response -- Regulation. Tretinoin. T cells. B cells. Plasma cells. Immunity.
Adaptive immunity licenses higher organisms to generate potent immune responses against foreign antigens. Two hallmarks of adaptive immunity are A) the ability of T and B cells to distinguish self from non-self and B) the ability to mount a...
Siegel domains. Modular groups. Hecke algebras. Forms
In the 1960s Satake proved the existence of an isomorphism between the local Hecke algebra and the ring of polynomials invariant under the action of the signed permutation group W n (the Weyl group associated to Sp n over a local field)....
Brain -- Tomography. Magnetic resonance imaging -- Brain. Near infrared spectroscopy. Image processing -- Digital techniques.
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) using near infrared (NIR) light has become a promising modality because it has the capability to non-invasively quantify oxygen saturation and hemoglobin content with potentially high temporal resolution and...
Chapter One. Synthesis and Structure of Chiral Pt(Duphos) Terminal Phosphido Complexes. Treatment of Pt halide precursors with a secondary phosphine in the presence of the base NaOSiMe 3 gave the terminal phosphido complexes Pt(Duphos)(Ph)(PMeIs)....
The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
Given graded C *-algebras A and B , we define the notion of an admissible pair ([straight phi], D ) for A and B . Associated to an admissible pair ([straight phi], D ) is an equivalence class of asymptotic morphisms from A to B . Under certain...
Automated trust negotiation is a new approach to access control and authentication for the open systems such as the Internet, where sensitive interactions sometimes occur among entities with no prior knowledge of each other. Trust negotiation...
This thesis considers the two special sensor networks for future sensor network design: mobile sensor networks and hybrid network of sensors and robots. To investigate two types of networks, we abstract two most important aspects that are ingrained...
Two alloys, Fe 55 Mn 19 Al 26 and Fe 30 Ni 20 Mn 35 Al 15 , were studied in this research project. The yield stress anomaly (YSA) of Fe 55 Mn 19 Al 26 single crystal was observed with a yield stress peak at 700 K. In situ TEM straining revealed...
Coal combustion remains an important source of toxic metal emissions. Dilute concentrations and poor understanding of their chemistries hinders reduction of these emissions. This thesis examines the chemistry of the trace metals arsenic and mercury...
Smartphones we carry everyday represent the first truly context-aware mobile device. By embedding specialized sensors and pushing AI into phones, it is now possible to continuously sense and infer people's physical activities, social interactions,...