We have a limited understanding of how an opinion is originated, how an opinion and information supporting and explaining it gets conveyed, and how the communicated opinion is perceived and processed by others. One direction of current research...
Earlier work has suggested that various neurological or neuropsychiatric disorders may result in characteristic spatial patterns in brain activation, potentially allowing their detection from maps of brain activity under different conditions....
Solar (Computer architecture). ; Ubiquitous computing. Sensor networks. ; Detectors. ; User interfaces (Computer systems).
The complexity of developing context-aware pervasive-computing applications calls for distributed software infrastructures that assist applications to collect, aggregate, and disseminate contextual data. In this dissertation, we present a Context...
In this thesis we look at several problems that lie in the intersection between combinatorial and multiplicative number theory. A common theme of many of these problems are estimates for and properties of the smooth numbers, those integers not...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...
Modern distributed systems scatter sensors, storage, and computation throughout the environment. Ideally these devices communicate and share resources, but there is seldom motivation for a device''s owner to yield control to another user. We...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
Siegel domains. Modular groups. Hecke algebras. Forms
In the 1960s Satake proved the existence of an isomorphism between the local Hecke algebra and the ring of polynomials invariant under the action of the signed permutation group W n (the Weyl group associated to Sp n over a local field)....
In large and complex networks such as the Internet and road networks, traffic routing is typically decentralized. Users in the network choose their routes independently to minimize their own delay, leading to complicated and nonintuitive outcomes...
The main research objective of this thesis is to address distributed target tracking for mobile sensor networks. Based on real-life limitations, we are particularly interested in mobile sensors with Limited Sensing Range (LSR). There are three...
Pervasive computing leads to an increased integration between the real world and the computational world, and many applications in pervasive computing adapt to the user's context, such as the location of the user and relevant devices, the presence...
In the late 1960s, Ihara began work that led to the Ihara zeta function, a zeta function which is defined on a finite graph. This function is an interesting graph invariant which gives information on expansion properties of the graph. It also...
The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
The theory community has worked on Secure Multiparty Computation (SMC) for more than two decades, and has produced many protocols for many settings. One common thread in these works is that the protocols cannot use a Trusted Third Party (TTP), even...
Epistasis (Genetics) Bioinformatics -- Methodology. Genetics -- Data processing. Medical Term Computational Biology -- methods.
A goal of human genetics is the prediction of an individual's risk of common human diseases from their genome sequence. Currently genome-wide methods to measure genetic variation across individuals exist, but methods to effectively analyze these...
Oligomers -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Medical Term: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular.
Protein complexes play vital roles in the fundamental processes of life. In particular, homo-oligomers are involved in cell signaling, regulation, and transport. To make detailed studies of these symmetric proteins, they need to be discovered, and...