Ionospheric radio wave propagation -- Observations. Hiss (Radio meteorology). Auroras -- Antarctica -- Observations.
A VersatIle Electromagnetic Waveform (VIEW) receiver was deployed at South Pole station in December 2002 in order to measure the fine structure of auroral radio emissions with high resolution and an unprecedented 500-1000 kHz bandwidth. Using this...
G proteins -- Receptors. Cardiovascular system -- Diseases -- Genetic aspects. Medical Term Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled -- genetics.
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), particularly non-synonymous variants, provide opportunities for deciphering pathophysiological protein influence. An ideal group for realizing these opportunities is the GPCR-superfamily. Principles from...
A fiber can transmit around 25 Tbit/s, but electronic signal processing today is performed at much slower speeds, usually 1-10 Gbit/s. To avoid this "bottleneck" in optical fiber communication systems, all signal processing will have to be done...
The processes by which nonlinear physical systems approach thermal equilibrium is of great importance in many areas of science. Central to this is the mechanism by which energy is transferred between the many degrees of freedom comprising these...
Large scale systems -- Mathematical models. Digital computer simulation. Parallel processing (Electronic computers). Computer algorithms.
Modeling real-world large-scale systems is inherently challenging due to their size and complexity. Detailed simulation of large-scale models requires tremendous amounts of computing power and memory space. Parallel discrete-event simulation...
Prostacyclin (PGI 2 ) is a major product of COX-2 catalyzed metabolism of arachidonic acid in the endothelium and has been shown to be atheroprotective. PGI 2 signals though its G-coupled protein receptor (GPCR) the human Prostacyclin receptor...
Through a series of case studies, signal processing and statistical tools, analyses of dynamic sea ice processes of drift, deformation, and ice pack expansion and decay are investigated for the Weddell Sea region during 1992. Cavitating fluid (CAV)...
Electroencephalography -- Data processing. ; Epilepsy -- Diagnosis. ; Signal processing -- Mathematics. ; Time-series analysis. ; Wavelets (Mathematics).
Visual interpretation of the EEG associated with an epileptic seizure (ictal EEG) can be cumbersome and sometimes misleading, due to rapid seizure spread, limited spatial resolution and the fact that signals of interest are often obscured by...
Let K be the function field over a finite field of odd order, and let H be a definite quaternion algebra over K. If Î‘ is an order of level M in H , we define theta series for each ideal I of Î‘ using the reduced norm on H. Using harmonic analysis...
Classical threshold theory assumes that a threshold is fixed and immutable. It cannot explain nor predict the underlying mechanisms for any changes in threshold value due to training. However, increased sensitivity to sensory signals through...
Little is known about the emergence of life from nonliving precursors. A key missing- piece is the origin of homochirality: nearly all life is characterized by exclusively dextrorotary sugars and levorotary amino acids. The research presented in...
As the ubiquitous complexity of common disease has become apparent, so has the need for novel tools and strategies that can accommodate complex patterns of association. In particular, the analytic challenges posed by the phenomena known as...
Bayesian nonparametric methods have become increasingly popular in machine learning for their ability to allow the data to determine model complexity. In particular, Bayesian nonparametric versions of common latent variable models can learn as...
Continual improvements to clinical breast imaging technologies have led to ever earlier detections and increasingly accurate localizations of female breast cancers. While these advancements have certainly improved the prognoses of many patients,...
Thermodynamics, and the classic balance between entropy and enthalpy, provides a proverbial zoo of exotic phase behaviour that chemists can harness to create new materials out of simple liquids and polymers. The diversity of self-assembling...
This thesis presents data from ground camera observations of the aurora conducted from Alaska during the winters of 2005 through 2007. In conjunction with these camera observations, conjugate radar observations of the auroral ionosphere were...
After decades of searching we have yet to find the progenitor systems for type Ia supernovae. In fact most of what we know about this homogeneous class of supernovae is from spectral features associated with the incinerated remains of the C+O white...
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other high-throughput initiatives have led to an information explosion in human genetics and genetic epidemiology, the mapping from genotype to phenotype remains challenging as most of the...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
Quantitative Risk Analysis of Computer Networks (QSRA) addresses the problem of risk opacity of software in networks. It allows risk managers to get a detailed and comprehensive snapshot of the constitutive software on the network, assess its risk...
Infrared imaging. Image reconstruction. Optical images -- Mathematical models. Breast -- Imaging. Infrared radiation in medicine.
Finite element based reconstruction algorithms for optical property profiling in biological tissues have been developed, implemented and evaluated using simulated data and laboratory measurements obtained with near infrared continuous wave (cw) and...
PDZ domains are protein:protein interaction domains that serve as molecular scaffolds, especially in the case of specialized cellular environments like polarized airway epithelial cells of the human lung. Historically the domains have been thought...
Partially ordered sets. ; Convex polytopes. ; Representations of groups.
This thesis deals with geometric representations of ordered sets. In a geometric representation, each element of the ordered set is assigned a geometric object, with two elements incomparable in the ordered set if and only if the corresponding...
Wireless communication systems. Computer networks. Routers (Computer networks).
A mesh network is a network of wireless routers that employ multi-hop routing and can be used to provide network access for mobile clients. Mobile mesh networks can be deployed rapidly to provide an alternate communication infrastructure for...
APETALA3 ( AP3 ) and PISTILLATA ( PI ) are floral organ identity genes that are necessary and sufficient for petal and stamen development. Surprisingly little is known about molecular mechanisms by which AP3 and PI proteins direct floral organ...
Antennas (Electronics); ; Thermotherapy. ; Cancer -- Treatment.
Engineers have devised many techniques by which to raise the temperature of a cancer tumor 8 degrees above body temperature. Such treatment is called hyperthermia; experiments in vitro suggest it may be an effective adjunct to standard radition...
In the past decade, the use of ordinal patterns in the analysis of time series and dynamical systems has become an important tool. Ordinal patterns (otherwise known as a permutation patterns) are found in time series by taking n data points at...
The cortical cytoskeleton mediates a range of cellular activities such as endocytosis, cell motility, and the maintenance of cell rigidity. In yeast cells, prominent cortical structures called eisosomes generate specialized domains termed MCCs to...
We provide a theoretical model for a design involving a dc voltage biased Josephson junction (JJ) that strongly drives a high quality factor microwave cavity via the ac Josephson effect. We explore the rich classical dynamics of the resultant...
In a variety of applications spanning mobile devices, performance computing, and even renewable energy and automotive, power management and power delivery are an increasing bottleneck in reducing size and cost, improving reliability, and even...