Today''s fastest microprocessors, logic chips, and even memory chips employ dynamic logic as the key part to achieving advanced performance. Dynamic logic only retains the correct data state briefly and is far less robust than previous technologies...
Human epidemiological and animal studies have associated inhalation of nickel dusts with increased incidence of pulmonary fibrosis. The current studies examined the hypothesis that nickel promotes pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting fibrinolysis and...
Magnetic resonance imaging. ; Nuclear magnetic resonance.
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides unique contrast reflecting the translational motion of water in its microscopic environment. This imaging modality has been shown to highlight infarcted regions within minutes after an...
Chlorinated ethenes are ubiquitous environmental pollutants of public concern due to their potential toxicity and carcinogenicity. Under appropriate conditions anaerobic bacteria mediate the dechlorination of perchloroethylene (a common dry...
Partially ordered sets and permutations are combinatorial structures having vast applications in theoretical computer science. In this thesis, we study various computational and algorithmic problems related to these structures. The first chapter of...
'Orthogonal modular forms are algebraic modular forms arising from lattices in quadratic spaces. In this thesis, we define orthogonal modular forms, establish their basic properties, and then apply them to a case of ternary quadratic spaces to...
The thesis is dedicated to the understanding and characterization of brittle compressive fracture of columnar S2 ice. The work quantifies the strength of fresh-water S2 ice and investigates its characteristic brittle failure modes under biaxial...
Two localized spectroscopic imaging methods were investigated to detect and discriminate microscopic pathologies at the surface of excised breast tissues in order to improve resection completeness during breast conserving surgery. A scanning in...
Most theoretical and computational studies of turbulence in Navier-Stokes fluids and/or guiding-center plasmas have been carried out in the presence of spatially periodic boundary conditions. In view of the frequently-reproduced result that...
5,6-Azulyne, the first azulyne to be prepared, has been trapped with furan to give an adduct whose crystal structure reveals marked bond alternation in the azulene pi system. The double bond in the furan moiety is responsible in part for the bond...
Three-dimensional imaging in medicine -- Mathematical models. ; Stereoencephalotomy.
In the past, clinicians skilled at image-guided neurosurgery have relied solely on pre-operative scans for their navigational information. Often in the course of surgery, tissue is purposely retracted/resected or inadvertently moved resulting in a...