Single cycle electromagnetic pulses have been difficult to experimentally generate and to theoretically analyze. With the recent development of terahertz systems based on near infrared femtosecond lasers it has become possible to perform single...
Second harmonic generation. ; Second harmonic generation -- Mathematical models. ; Glass -- Effect of infrared radiation on. ; Glass -- Electric properties.
The auroral zone is a rich source of natural radio emissions that can be observed in space and at ground-level. By studying these waves, scientists can gain insight into the plasma processes that generate them and use the near-Earth space...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
DC-to-DC converters -- Design and construction. Electric inductors -- Design and construction. Thin film devices -- Design and construction. Microprocessors -- Power supply. Microfabrication. Transients (Dynamics).
Electric inductors -- Design and construction.;""DC-to-DC converters -- Design and construction."";""Thin film devices -- Design and construction."";""Microfabrication."";""Magnetic films."";""Thin films Multilayered."";""Granular...
Information retrieval -- Mathematical models. ; Electronic information resource searching. ; Computer algorithms. ; Decision making -- Data processing. ; Mathematical optimization.
This thesis presents a unified method for simultaneous solution of three problems in Information Retrieval--metasearch (the fusion of ranked lists returned by retrieval systems to elicit improved performance), efficient system evaluation (the...
Mutualisms may facilitate coupled population expansion or decline if changes in either partner species lead to similar changes in the other species. However, few studies have measured how both species in a mutualism respond to changes in each...
Microwave spectroscopy. Imaging systems -- Design and construction. Diagnostic imaging -- Digital techniques. Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis. Microwave imaging in medicine.
Microwave spectroscopy has been investigated as a possible modality for breast imaging because of the significant contrast in electrical properties between normal and malignant tissue over the microwave spectrum. A liquid-coupled, non-contacting...
Van Allen radiation belts -- Mathematical models. ; Magnetosphere -- Mathematical models. ; Magnetohydrodynamics -- Mathematical models.
The physics of geomagnetically-trapped radiation has been a topic of interest since the discovery of the Van Allen belts in 1958. As the energetic particles comprising these belts can pose a hazard to human activity in space, considerable effort...
Studies of the structure and function of the human and non-human primate auditory system have led to the hypothesis that it is composed of dorsal and ventral processing streams that are respectively dedicated to spatial and non-spatial processing....
Light scattering from tissue originates from the fluctuations in intra-cellular and extra-cellular components, so it is possible that macroscopic scattering spectroscopy could be used to quantify sub-microscopic structures. Both electron microscopy...
Loss processes greatly impact the dynamics of the Earth's radiation belts. In 1996, a balloon-borne germanium detector flown over Kiruna, Sweden detected the first terrestrial X-rays with energies on the order of 1 MeV. The spectrum for these...
The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
In this work we investigate the quantum dynamics of three different configurations of nonlinear cavity systems. We begin by carrying out a quantum analysis of a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) mechanical displacement detector...
There is a growing demand for power-constrained sensors in many areas, particularly in emerging healthcare and next-generation biomedical applications. Such sensors have very limited power budget, among which interface circuits, including analog...
We examine variations of cops and robbers games on graphs. Our goals are to introduce some randomness into their study, and to estimate (expected) capture time. We show that a cop chasing a random walker can capture him in expected time n + o(n)....
Brain tissue mechanics are an important biomarker for neurological disorders, yet methods to obtain tissue information yield inconsistent conclusions. These techniques can be invasive or require excised tissue, where tissue function is altered from...
A new type of analytic expansion for use in stability calculations is presented and applied to the question of the stability of laminar solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. This leads in a natural way to a model of the transition from laminar...
We present new forensic tools that are capable of detecting traces of tampering in digital images without the use of watermarks or specialized hardware. These tools operate under the assumption that images contain natural properties from a variety...
Recent years have witnessed a new class of monitoring applications that need to continuously collect information from remote data sources. Those data sources, such as web click-streams, stock quotes, and sensor data, are often characterized as...
Fluorescence molecular imaging will have an important clinical impact in the area of guided oncology surgery, where emerging technologies are poised to provide the surgeon with real-time molecular information to guide resection, using targeted...
Magnetic susceptibility imaging of magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs) has many potential applications in biomedicine such as contrast enhanced imaging and image guidance for magnetic hyperthermia therapy. This thesis describes three imaging methods...
Casimir effect. Zero-point field. Electric conductivity. Quantum electrodynamics.
The Casimir force arises from an alteration of boundary condition in vacuum and is often regarded as a manifestation of quantum zero point energy. Considerable progress has been made in the last decade with an impressive achievement of experimental...