As the human population increases, it is imperative that we develop strategies to improve agricultural productivity to meet the growing demand for food, fuel and fiber. More than 2 billion people suffer from "hidden hunger" (a lack of essential...
In this thesis we look at several problems that lie in the intersection between combinatorial and multiplicative number theory. A common theme of many of these problems are estimates for and properties of the smooth numbers, those integers not...
We start by introducing avoidance coupling of Markov chains, with an overview of existing results. We then introduce and motivate a new notion, uniform coupling. We show that the only Markovian avoidance coupling on a cycle is of this type, and...
Arabidopsis thaliana -- Genetics. Transcription factors. Iron -- Metabolism. Iron deficiency diseases in plants -- Genetic aspects.
In order to preserve a balance between the requirement for iron and its toxicity, plants likely maintain tight control over iron homeostasis. We are interested in identifying factors involved in the regulation of iron uptake and have examined this...
We expect wireless body-area networks of pervasive wearable devices will enable in situ health monitoring, personal assistance, entertainment personalization, and home automation. As these devices become ubiquitous, we also expect them to...
'The control of waves using periodic structures is crucial for modern optical, electromagnetic and acoustic devices such as diffraction gratings, filters, photonic crystals, solar cells, sensors, and absorbers. We present a high-order accurate...
In this thesis we review the methods for computation of cosmological correlations in the early universe known as the in-in formalism which are then applied to the problem of magnetogenesis from inflation. For this computation, a power-law single...
Predictive control. Adaptive control systems -- Design. Airplanes -- Control systems.
A direct method to design data-based model predictive controllers is presented. The design method uses system identification techniques to identify model predictive controller gains directly from a set of excitation input and disturbance corrupted...
Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) remains the most common bearing material for total joint arthroplasty. Advances in radiation cross-linking and other post-consolidation treatments have led to a rapid differentiation of polyethylene...
The ubiquitous complexity of common diseases is one of the biggest challenges facing the field of personalized treatments and precision medicine. This complexity can be attributed to various sources such as the genetic make-up of an individual,...
Boundary integral methods have long been used to solve boundary value problems for elliptic partial differential equations with piecewise constant coefficients, since they have several numerical advantages over conventional volume discretization....
Cupredoxins, such as stellacyanin, plastocyanin, amicyanin, rusticyanin, and azurin perform electron transfer (ET) reactions with partner protein(s) in the cell. The role of the redox cofactor in these proteins is played by a copper ion, which...
For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Îž n and Î” n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Î” n in Îž 2 n ....
Quantum dots. Heterostructures. Metal oxide semiconductors -- Design and construction. Silicon oxide. Electron gas. Ohmic contacts. Microelectronics -- Technological innovations.
Solid-state approaches to quantum computing include quantum dot qubit implementations based on the Loss-DiVincenzo proposal. Prior work in GaAs two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) materials serves as a proving ground for device designs that can be...
Immunoglobulins -- Synthesis. -- Escherichia coli -- Biotechnology -- Protein engineering -- Breast -- Cancer -- Immunotherapy.
The ability to site-specifically modify therapeutic proteins for the attachment of pharmacokinetic-enhancing molecules is the principal goal of many research programs. Site-specific modalities are often introduced to provide an additional...
'Orthogonal modular forms are algebraic modular forms arising from lattices in quadratic spaces. In this thesis, we define orthogonal modular forms, establish their basic properties, and then apply them to a case of ternary quadratic spaces to...
For most cancers, the genetic mechanisms that predispose normal cells to neoplastic transformation and tumor cells to therapeutic eradication are poorly understood. High throughput genotyping technologies have allowed the rapid discovery of...
The main driving force behind the development of computers was the attempt to solve problems that would otherwise require a large amount of time to be solved. Despite the technological development that has made computers ubiquitous in daily lives,...