After decades of searching we have yet to find the progenitor systems for type Ia supernovae. In fact most of what we know about this homogeneous class of supernovae is from spectral features associated with the incinerated remains of the C+O white...
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other high-throughput initiatives have led to an information explosion in human genetics and genetic epidemiology, the mapping from genotype to phenotype remains challenging as most of the...
Metal ions confer structural stability and reactivity to a large number of proteins that use the amino acids histidine (His) and cysteine (Cys) to form stable metal-ligand complexes. The stability of metal-His and metal-Cys interactions and their...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
In the nervous system, neuronal communication relies critically on the function of membrane ion channels. One of these is the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC), which is essential for the generation and propagation of action potentials in...
The Euler '-function and Carmichael -function are extremely important in modern number theory, and much work has been devoted to studying the distribution and arithmetic properties of the values of each function. One interesting unresolved question...
Arsenic is implicated in numerous human pathologies, including cancer and several forms of liver disease. One contributing mechanism may involve alterations of CYP levels by arsenic. CYP3As are the most abundant CYP proteins in human liver and...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Antennas (Electronics); ; Thermotherapy. ; Cancer -- Treatment.
Engineers have devised many techniques by which to raise the temperature of a cancer tumor 8 degrees above body temperature. Such treatment is called hyperthermia; experiments in vitro suggest it may be an effective adjunct to standard radition...
Many alkaloids of biological importance have the 11H-pyrido (4,3,2-mn) acridine ring structure such as cystodytin and amphimedine. It would be desirable to find an effective way to synthesize a wide variety of these compounds using a single...
Microwave spectroscopy. Imaging systems -- Design and construction. Diagnostic imaging -- Digital techniques. Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis. Microwave imaging in medicine.
Microwave spectroscopy has been investigated as a possible modality for breast imaging because of the significant contrast in electrical properties between normal and malignant tissue over the microwave spectrum. A liquid-coupled, non-contacting...