Si/SiGe quantum dots (QDs) are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (qubits) as a result of the reduced spin-orbit coupling as well as the Si isotopes with zero nuclear spin. Meanwhile qubit readout is a challenge related to...
This thesis reports work on a new device to detect changes in spatially nonuniform intensity distributions, and shows how this device can be applied to the particular problem of optical vibration detection. The phase of optical radiation is very...
Casimir effect. Zero-point field. Electric conductivity. Quantum electrodynamics.
The Casimir force arises from an alteration of boundary condition in vacuum and is often regarded as a manifestation of quantum zero point energy. Considerable progress has been made in the last decade with an impressive achievement of experimental...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
Antennas (Electronics); ; Thermotherapy. ; Cancer -- Treatment.
Engineers have devised many techniques by which to raise the temperature of a cancer tumor 8 degrees above body temperature. Such treatment is called hyperthermia; experiments in vitro suggest it may be an effective adjunct to standard radition...
We provide a theoretical model for a design involving a dc voltage biased Josephson junction (JJ) that strongly drives a high quality factor microwave cavity via the ac Josephson effect. We explore the rich classical dynamics of the resultant...
Si-based quantum devices, including Si/SiGe quantum dots (QD), are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (quits), which are a potential platform for quantum information processing [1]. Meanwhile, qubit readout remains a challenging task...
Today''s fastest microprocessors, logic chips, and even memory chips employ dynamic logic as the key part to achieving advanced performance. Dynamic logic only retains the correct data state briefly and is far less robust than previous technologies...
Free electron lasers -- Experiments. ; Resonators -- Experiments.
A Smith-Purcell Free Electron Laser test-facility has been developed. The structure is used to conduct detailed explorations that novel resonator designs will have on tunability, start current and other performance criteria. Emphasis is on sources...
Eddy currents (Electric) -- Mathematical models. Electric generators -- Windings. Finite element method.
Magnetic components, such as transformers and inductors, are essential parts of most power electronics circuits. They usually are the largest components in the circuit, and also account for a large portion of the power loss. Reducing the volume of...
Hyperthermia, the elevation of tissue temperature from 42°C to 50°C, is currently being investigated as an adjunct to radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer. The interstitial microwave antenna array hyperthermia (IMAAH) system is designed...
Quantum dots. Heterostructures. Metal oxide semiconductors -- Design and construction. Silicon oxide. Electron gas. Ohmic contacts. Microelectronics -- Technological innovations.
Solid-state approaches to quantum computing include quantum dot qubit implementations based on the Loss-DiVincenzo proposal. Prior work in GaAs two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) materials serves as a proving ground for device designs that can be...
Laser speckle monitoring is a way to measure the motion of an optically rough surface without making physical contact to that surface. Laser speckle is inherently sensitive to motion in the plane of the reflecting surface, which gives speckle...
The feasibility of a magnetic computation system was tested that consists of arranging thin film micromagnetic ring structures. Each ring is magnetized in a circular, vortex state in either the clockwise (CW) or counterclockwise (CCW) directions,...
This thesis focuses on the emergence of universal dynamical scaling in quantum critical spin systems driven out of equilibrium, with emphasis on quench dynamics which involves isolated standard critical points, multi-critical points, and...
The development of new materials and techniques presents an opportunity to revisit old problems. Innovations in materials engineering revolutionize the status quo by expanding the tool kit needed to develop robust solutions to complex problems....
Strong evidence exists showing that stellar evolution models are unable to accurately predict the fundamental properties of low-mass stars. Observations of low-mass stars in detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) indicate that stellar models...