Shape modeling is an important area in computer vision and medical imaging. Shape models have proved valuable in the tasks of object representation, recognition, and classification. This thesis focuses on shape models of 3D surfaces extracted from...
Oligomers -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Medical Term: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular.
Protein complexes play vital roles in the fundamental processes of life. In particular, homo-oligomers are involved in cell signaling, regulation, and transport. To make detailed studies of these symmetric proteins, they need to be discovered, and...
This thesis presents technologies for the design, fabrication, operation, and control of electrostatic MEMS micro-robots. It describes prototype micro-robots, with dimensions of 60 μm by 250 μm by 10 μm, that are capable of controllable...
In this thesis we review the methods for computation of cosmological correlations in the early universe known as the in-in formalism which are then applied to the problem of magnetogenesis from inflation. For this computation, a power-law single...
In this thesis, we present different approaches to tying knots using robots by enforcing different types of constraints. We attack the problem from three different directions; mechanical design, motion planning with simple control strategies, and...
This thesis contains some results concerning groupoid dynamical systems and crossed products. We introduce the notion of a proper groupoid dynamical system and of its generalized fixed point algebra. We show that our notion of proper groupoid...
This thesis considers the two special sensor networks for future sensor network design: mobile sensor networks and hybrid network of sensors and robots. To investigate two types of networks, we abstract two most important aspects that are ingrained...
Opinion dynamics is a complex procedure that entails a cognitive process when it deals with how a person integrates influential opinions to form revised opinion. Early research on opinion formation and social influence can be traced back to the...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
Partially ordered sets and permutations are combinatorial structures having vast applications in theoretical computer science. In this thesis, we study various computational and algorithmic problems related to these structures. The first chapter of...
Pervasive computing leads to an increased integration between the real world and the computational world, and many applications in pervasive computing adapt to the user's context, such as the location of the user and relevant devices, the presence...
Human behavior -- Mathematical models. ; Web usage mining. ; Internet users.
Whom we e-mail, where we browse, what we purchase, and the things we search for on the World Wide Web all leave identifiable traces of who we are as individuals. In today's technology focused landscape, cyberspace represents the new environment in...
In the late 1960s, Ihara began work that led to the Ihara zeta function, a zeta function which is defined on a finite graph. This function is an interesting graph invariant which gives information on expansion properties of the graph. It also...
The radio-frequency single-electron transistor (RF-SET) [1-3] has attracted significant interest as one of the fastest charge detectors known today. In this thesis, we show that by designing an on-chip superconducting LC matching network for the...
Throughout this work, a lattice model was used to capture the behavior of polymer systems. First, the phase behavior of solutions which contain polymer solute in an alkane solvent was investigated. The phase diagrams of these solutions are...
Si/SiGe quantum dots (QDs) are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (qubits) as a result of the reduced spin-orbit coupling as well as the Si isotopes with zero nuclear spin. Meanwhile qubit readout is a challenge related to...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
This thesis explores practical and theoretical aspects of several privacy-providing technologies, including tools for anonymous web-browsing, verifiable electronic voting schemes, and private information retrieval from databases. State-of-art...
Si-based quantum devices, including Si/SiGe quantum dots (QD), are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (quits), which are a potential platform for quantum information processing [1]. Meanwhile, qubit readout remains a challenging task...
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an immunoregulatory cytokine whose biological effects are mediated through interaction with specific receptors (IL-2R) on the surface of target cells. Due to its presumed role in generating a normal immune response, IL-2 is...
Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing. ; Computer network architectures. ; Programming languages (Electronic computers) -- Semantics. ; Database management.
I tackle the problem of naming and sharing resources across administrative boundaries. Conventional systems manifest the hierarchy of typical administrative structure in the structure of their own mechanism. While natural for communication that...
Over the past decade, a pair of instructions called load-linked (LL) and store-conditional (SC) have emerged as the most suitable synchronization instructions for the design of lock-free algorithms. However, current architectures do not support...
Core binding factor (CBF) is a heterodimeric transcription factor that is essential for a number of developmental process including hemotopoiesis and bone development. CBFs contain a DNA-binding CBFα. subunit and a non-DNA binding CBFß. subunit...
Automatic control -- Sensitivity. Structural control (Engineering). Strains and stresses -- Computer simulation. Structural analysis (Engineering). Engineering models.
Autonomous damage detection in engineering structures is critically important as the demands placed upon those structures are increased. It has been well established that damage detection can be done through monitoring the modal frequencies of the...
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy -- Data processing. ; Proteins -- Analysis -- Mathematical models. ; Computer algorithms.
Our aim is to enhance high-throughput applications of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) through the development of efficient computational methods that operate on sparse (minimal) sets of experimental NMR data. We have developed a family of four...
Agent-based policy learning in complex and uncertain environments is challenged by escalating computational complexity with the size of the task space (action choices and environmental states) as well as the number of agents. Nonetheless, there is...
Digital video -- Analysis. Forensic sciences. Image processing -- Digital techniques.
We present new forensic tools that are capable of detecting traces of tampering in digital video without the use of watermarks or specialized hardware. These tools operate under the assumption that video contain naturally occurring properties which...
For a long-lived metastable system, the decay of the survival probability is typically exponential. However, deviations are known to exist at short times (the quantum Zeno effect) and at long times (algebraic tails in classical hydrodynamic...