In this thesis we review the methods for computation of cosmological correlations in the early universe known as the in-in formalism which are then applied to the problem of magnetogenesis from inflation. For this computation, a power-law single...
The purpose of this thesis is to describe methods for detecting hidden crevasses on glaciers in Polar regions. Crevasses form in ice sheets as a result of forces imposed upon the brittle ice. The crevasses are hidden from view by bridges of soft...
Sexual selection is a driver of biodiversity and creates spectacular forms of variation. However, only recently have we begun to understand how this variation operates on the postcopulatory level and how cryptic mechanisms affect male-male...
Let K be the function field over a finite field of odd order, and let H be a definite quaternion algebra over K. If Α is an order of level M in H , we define theta series for each ideal I of Α using the reduced norm on H. Using harmonic analysis...
Two-phase flow -- Mathematical models. ; Gas dynamics -- Mathematical models. ; Kinetic theory of gases.
The kinetic theory based gas-dynamical computational method, due to (Prendergast and Xu, 1993: Xu and Prendergast, 1994) is generalized to two-phase flow computations. The Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook kinetic model is generalized to the case of two...
We consider a problem of information overload: the conflict between vast amounts of data available in electronic form and inadequate tools for finding relevant information. To alleviate this problem we look at the information organization:...
A variety of forensic methods have been developed to identify falsified photos, each unified by the ability to estimate and detect properties of a photo that are perturbed by forgery. There exist, however, many photos in which the required...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...
Robots -- Control systems -- Design and construction. Mobile robots. Robots -- Dynamics.
This thesis examines the issues of vehicle and information dynamics in the control of a multi-robot system using a radial-basis potential function controller. Distributed control of multi-robot systems requires each robot to communicate state...
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the gonadal hormone, testosterone. Despite their many untoward side effects, AAS are wildly abused for their ergogenic properties. AAS have numerous effects on many organ systems,...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Networks that model relationships in the real world have attracted much attention in the past few years. The "link prediction problem" plays a central role in the network area. In this thesis, we explore the link prediction problem in a...
Modern distributed systems scatter sensors, storage, and computation throughout the environment. Ideally these devices communicate and share resources, but there is seldom motivation for a device''s owner to yield control to another user. We...
Plant genetic engineering. ; Plants -- Effect of cadmium on. ; Cadmium -- Physiological transport.
Iron plays a central role in key biological processes in both plants and animals. Lack of available iron commonly limits plant growth and nutritional value. Worldwide, dietary iron is primarily obtained from plant sources and, despite our best...
Digital cinematography. ; Cinematography -- Lighting -- Data processing -- Evaluation. ; Cinematography -- Special effects -- Data processing -- Evaluation. ; User interfaces (Computer systems) -- Evaluation.
We define appearance design as the creation and editing of scene content such as lighting and surface materials in computer graphics. The appearance design process takes a significant amount of time relative to other production tasks and poses...
In the late 1960s, Ihara began work that led to the Ihara zeta function, a zeta function which is defined on a finite graph. This function is an interesting graph invariant which gives information on expansion properties of the graph. It also...
Free electron lasers -- Experiments. Wave guides -- Design and construction. Diffraction gratings -- Experiments. Electron beams. Infrared sources.
The far infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum, 15-3000 Œºm in wavelength, has a paucity of narrow band laser sources. To address the issue of whether a grating based free electron laser could operate well as such a source, a grating...
Magnetoencephalography -- Technique.; Magnetic susceptibility.
The measurement of human brain function is the goal of many noninvasive medical imaging modalities. Two sources of physiological contrast are commonly targeted to achieve this goal. The most direct approach to measuring neuronal activity is with...
Southern pine beetle -- Ecology. Mutualism (Biology). Commensalism.
A challenge for ecologists is to identify and understand the mechanisms that produce population behaviors in nature. This is particularly difficult in complex communities that comprise of tightly linked multivoltine organisms that are...
Experimental and theoretical aspects of macroscopic and mesoscopic elastic instability are investigated in this thesis. For the theoretical investigations we utilize a Lagrangian formulation of nonlinear continuum elasticity theory, the novel...
Oligomers -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Medical Term: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular.
Protein complexes play vital roles in the fundamental processes of life. In particular, homo-oligomers are involved in cell signaling, regulation, and transport. To make detailed studies of these symmetric proteins, they need to be discovered, and...
This thesis investigates the embedding theory of orders in central simple algebras, placing a particular emphasis on the role that the phenomenon known as selectivity plays in the theory. Although the notion of selectivity is completely algebraic,...
Strong evidence exists showing that stellar evolution models are unable to accurately predict the fundamental properties of low-mass stars. Observations of low-mass stars in detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) indicate that stellar models...
Chapter 1: Munchnones and mesoionic heterocycles The reactivity, regioselectivity, and synthetic applications of munchnones (1,3-oxazolium-5-olates) is a common theme which runs through Chapters 2-5. The definition, structure, and reactivity of...
Continual improvements to clinical breast imaging technologies have led to ever earlier detections and increasingly accurate localizations of female breast cancers. While these advancements have certainly improved the prognoses of many patients,...
Brain tissue mechanics are an important biomarker for neurological disorders, yet methods to obtain tissue information yield inconsistent conclusions. These techniques can be invasive or require excised tissue, where tissue function is altered from...
Thermodynamics, and the classic balance between entropy and enthalpy, provides a proverbial zoo of exotic phase behaviour that chemists can harness to create new materials out of simple liquids and polymers. The diversity of self-assembling...
A new type of analytic expansion for use in stability calculations is presented and applied to the question of the stability of laminar solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. This leads in a natural way to a model of the transition from laminar...
We present new forensic tools that are capable of detecting traces of tampering in digital images without the use of watermarks or specialized hardware. These tools operate under the assumption that images contain natural properties from a variety...