Automated trust negotiation is a new approach to access control and authentication for the open systems such as the Internet, where sensitive interactions sometimes occur among entities with no prior knowledge of each other. Trust negotiation...
Chlorinated ethenes are ubiquitous environmental pollutants of public concern due to their potential toxicity and carcinogenicity. Under appropriate conditions anaerobic bacteria mediate the dechlorination of perchloroethylene (a common dry...
Let K be the function field over a finite field of odd order, and let H be a definite quaternion algebra over K. If Α is an order of level M in H , we define theta series for each ideal I of Α using the reduced norm on H. Using harmonic analysis...
Evolutionary Computation (EC) is one of the most advanced computational techniques. It has been frequently and successfully used to find good solutions to many complicated optimization problems with limited computational resources. EC is the...
We associate, to each positive integer n , a Cayley graph to the group PSL(2.Ζ[subscript n]). We then consider the isoperimetric numbers of these graphs. In chapter three we determine upper bounds for the isoperimetric number by a detailed...
Non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) are a family of enzymes that assemble a variety of pharmacologically interesting polypeptides from canonical and non-canonical amino acids. The identity and connectivity of the monomers in the final product...
A yearly breast contrast-MR scan is recommended to high-risk women because of MR's high sensitivity to breast tumors. However, breast contrast-MR yields a high number of false positives that lead to expensive and sometimes unnecessary biopsy...
Floral nectar of many plant species is prone to colonization by microorganisms. Their presence and metabolism have the potential to modify a suite of traits important for pollinator attraction, including nectar quality and scent. However, studies...
Nerve growth factor (NGF), the prototypic neurotrophin, is well characterized for its pro-survival and growth effects in sympathetic and sensory neurons. Acting as a target-derived factor, NGF regulates the maturation of innervating neurons, and...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a virulent opportunistic pathogen that is frequently cultured from infectious sites, and is estimated to cause ~12% of nosocomial infections worldwide [1]. P. aeruginosa infections occur in a majority of adults with the...
The oxygen-dependent microbicidal events of neutrophils have been studied with reference to the triggering of the respiratory burst and with particular emphasis on the role of quinone. Ubiquinone as well as a previously described cytochrome b were...
Optical tomography. ; Near infrared spectroscopy. ; Image analysis -- Mathematical models. ; Imaging systems -- Image quality -- Mathematical models. ; Image reconstruction -- Mathematical models. ; Least squares. Breast -- Tomography.
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has the potential to become a non-invasive and non-ionizing diagnostic imaging technique for breast cancer imaging. DOT uses near-infrared (NIR) light to illuminate the breast, generally through the use of fiber...
Earlier in our laboratory, a facile synthesis of the 2- and 3-nitroindoles was realized. These compounds showed promise as powerful intermediates in the synthesis of novel structures and natural products. The reactivity of 2- and 3-nitroindoles...
Colloidal nanoparticles are particles with sizes ranging from one nanometer to several hundred nanometers, which disperse evenly in a dispersion medium. In aqueous solutions, amphiphilic molecules organize themselves to form such colloidal systems...
Multisensor data fusion. Sensor networks. Plumes (Fluid dynamics). Automatic tracking. Signal processing -- Digital techniques -- Mathematics.
The work in this thesis deals with a novel approach for detecting and tracking chemical plumes in distributed sensor networks. The ultimate objective is solving the inverse location problem: given unknown sources released at unknown times, the...
Biofilm formation is a complex process culminating in a multicellular microbial structure encased in an extracellular matrix. In order for planktonic cells to initiate and proceed through biofilm formation, they must appropriately regulate a number...
Little behavioral research, and less neural work, has examined how we process quantities like negative numbers, which are worth less than nothing and yet have value. The goal of this dissertation was to determine whether negative number processing...
Computer security has come a long way since the days of the first Internet worm. With the spreading and commercialization of the Internet, the stakes have gotten higher. Viruses existed and spread before most computers were online, but as global...