Background:
With the science and transparency of quality measurement unfolding, and economic forces changing, hospital leaders seek to aggressively improve their systems' care quality. Successful organizational transformations will engage everyone...
Rats -- Behavior. Sexual behavior in animals. Vagina -- Psychophysiology. Cervix uteri -- Psychophysiology.
The present dissertation examined the contributions of vaginal and cervical stimulation to sexual motivation and reward in female rats. New, more complex behavioral methods such as the display of paced mating behavior and the induction of a...
Social perception -- Physiological aspects. ; Prefrontal cortex -- Physiology.
From the most minimal of person information, such as a photograph or a sentence, people are able to rapidly infer a multitude of complex personality traits. These social inferences are thought to rely upon cognitive representations of person...
The objective of this thesis was to examine the neural and physiological substrates underlying the processing of aversive information, and how individual differences in anxiety influence these responses. In a series of experiments, we utilized skin...
The advent of hypervisors revolutionized the computing industry in terms of malware prevention and detection, secure virtual machine managers, and cloud resilience. However, this has resulted in a disjointed response to handling known threats...
This thesis centers around a generalization of the classical discrete Fourier transform. We first present a general diagrammatic approach to the construction of efficient algorithms for computing the Fourier transform of a function on a finite...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
We present designs, theory and the results of fabrication and testing for a novel parallel microrobotic assembly scheme using stress-engineered MEMS microrobots. The robots are 240-280 μm × 60 μm × 7-20 μm in size, each robot consist of a...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
There are no Vassiliev invariants of degree one for classical knots. A. Henrich proved the existence of a sequence of three Vassiliev invariants of degree one for virtual knots. The invariants get stronger and stronger, and the final invariant is...
Since their discovery in laboratory plasmas in the 1920s, Langmuir waves have been observed to be ubiquitous in plasma environments, particularly in space plasmas. From the greater solar wind to planetary foreshocks and the auroral ionosphere,...
We examine variations of cops and robbers games on graphs. Our goals are to introduce some randomness into their study, and to estimate (expected) capture time. We show that a cop chasing a random walker can capture him in expected time n + o(n)....
Multimedia systems -- Mathematical models. ; Information storage and retrieval systems. ; Machinery -- Alignment.
This thesis introduces multiple media correlation, a new technology for the automatic alignment of multiple media objects such as text, audio, and video. This research began with the question: what can be learned when multiple multimedia components...
Glutamic acid -- Receptors. Ion channels -- Molecular aspects. Ligand binding (Biochemistry). Biological transport -- Regulation. Receptors.
AMPA receptors (AMPA-Rs) are glutamate-gated ion channels that mediate the majority of excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. AMPA-Rs are generally found in vivo as hetero-tetramers made up of a combination of the GluR1-GluR4 subunits....
Breast -- Cancer -- Tomography. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Imaging. ; Microwave imaging in medicine. ; Breast -- Electric properties. ; Breast Neoplasms -- diagnosis. ; Diagnostic Imaging -- methods.
Clinical medicine -- Decision making. ; Medical informatics. ; Patient participation. ; Osteoarthritis -- Treatment. ; Knee -- Diseases -- Treatment. ; Decision Making. ; Decision Support Techniques.
Problem Statement. Effective patients' decision aids (PtDAs) help patients understand clinical information and reduce decisional conflict. PtDAs that also explicitly provide guidance through four """"Deliberative Steps"""" may achieve additional...
Electronic mail systems -- Security measures. Electronic mail systems -- Social aspects. Trust.
A secure system that cannot be used by real users to secure real-world processes is not really secure at all. While many believe that usability and security are diametrically opposed, a growing body of research from the field of Human-Computer...
The theory community has worked on Secure Multiparty Computation (SMC) for more than two decades, and has produced many protocols for many settings. One common thread in these works is that the protocols cannot use a Trusted Third Party (TTP), even...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
Experimental and theoretical aspects of macroscopic and mesoscopic elastic instability are investigated in this thesis. For the theoretical investigations we utilize a Lagrangian formulation of nonlinear continuum elasticity theory, the novel...
Oligomers -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Medical Term: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular.
Protein complexes play vital roles in the fundamental processes of life. In particular, homo-oligomers are involved in cell signaling, regulation, and transport. To make detailed studies of these symmetric proteins, they need to be discovered, and...
Access control is a core component of any information-security strategy. Researchers have spent tremendous energy over the past forty years defining abstract access-control models and proving various properties about them. However, surprisingly...
Interaction with aromatic π systems has become recognized as an important mode of stabilization of carbocation intermediates in biological reactions. To gain insight into such carbocation-π interactions, we have undertaken a study of...
Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is the most common bearing material in joint arthroplasty due to its biocompatibility, its wear resistance, and its mechanical toughness. Despite the favorable properties of UHMWPE and its success...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...