Access control is a core component of any information-security strategy. Researchers have spent tremendous energy over the past forty years defining abstract access-control models and proving various properties about them. However, surprisingly...
Floral nectar of many plant species is prone to colonization by microorganisms. Their presence and metabolism have the potential to modify a suite of traits important for pollinator attraction, including nectar quality and scent. However, studies...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
The objective of this thesis was to examine the neural and physiological substrates underlying the processing of aversive information, and how individual differences in anxiety influence these responses. In a series of experiments, we utilized skin...
Partially ordered sets. ; Convex polytopes. ; Representations of groups.
This thesis deals with geometric representations of ordered sets. In a geometric representation, each element of the ordered set is assigned a geometric object, with two elements incomparable in the ordered set if and only if the corresponding...
We prove the existence of nontrivial multiparameter isospectral deformations of metrics on the classical compact simple Lie groups SO (n) (n = 9, n â‰¥11), Spin(n) (n = 9, n â‰¥11), SU (n) (n â‰¥7), and Sp (n) (n â‰¥5). The proof breaks into three...
Breast -- Cancer -- Tomography. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Imaging. ; Microwave imaging in medicine. ; Breast -- Electric properties. ; Breast Neoplasms -- diagnosis. ; Diagnostic Imaging -- methods.
Clinical medicine -- Decision making. ; Medical informatics. ; Patient participation. ; Osteoarthritis -- Treatment. ; Knee -- Diseases -- Treatment. ; Decision Making. ; Decision Support Techniques.
Problem Statement. Effective patients' decision aids (PtDAs) help patients understand clinical information and reduce decisional conflict. PtDAs that also explicitly provide guidance through four """"Deliberative Steps"""" may achieve additional...
Rats -- Behavior. Sexual behavior in animals. Vagina -- Psychophysiology. Cervix uteri -- Psychophysiology.
The present dissertation examined the contributions of vaginal and cervical stimulation to sexual motivation and reward in female rats. New, more complex behavioral methods such as the display of paced mating behavior and the induction of a...
This thesis centers around a generalization of the classical discrete Fourier transform. We first present a general diagrammatic approach to the construction of efficient algorithms for computing the Fourier transform of a function on a finite...
The advent of hypervisors revolutionized the computing industry in terms of malware prevention and detection, secure virtual machine managers, and cloud resilience. However, this has resulted in a disjointed response to handling known threats...
Since their discovery in laboratory plasmas in the 1920s, Langmuir waves have been observed to be ubiquitous in plasma environments, particularly in space plasmas. From the greater solar wind to planetary foreshocks and the auroral ionosphere,...
There are no Vassiliev invariants of degree one for classical knots. A. Henrich proved the existence of a sequence of three Vassiliev invariants of degree one for virtual knots. The invariants get stronger and stronger, and the final invariant is...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...
Hypercapnia -- Regulation. ; Carbon dioxide -- Physiological effect. ; Carbon dioxide in the body. ; Brown garden snail -- Respiration. ; Potassium channels.
After more than 150 years of studying the respiratory effects of hypercapnia, the intrinsic neuronal mechanism by which carbon dioxide (COÂ²) stimulates electrical excitability of respiratory neurons, and hence respiratory drive, is still...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing. ; Computer network architectures. ; Programming languages (Electronic computers) -- Semantics. ; Database management.
I tackle the problem of naming and sharing resources across administrative boundaries. Conventional systems manifest the hierarchy of typical administrative structure in the structure of their own mechanism. While natural for communication that...
Clinical medicine -- Practice. ; Medicine -- Practice. ; Group medical practice.
Health care micro-systems are small, organized groups of clinicians and staff working together with a shared clinical purpose to provide care for a defined set of patients. The size of individual micro-systems vary--a micro-system must be large...
Interaction with aromatic Ï€ systems has become recognized as an important mode of stabilization of carbocation intermediates in biological reactions. To gain insight into such carbocation-Ï€ interactions, we have undertaken a study of...
Spectral theory is the subfield of differential geometry which provided the solution to Kac''s famous question, "Can you hear the shape of a drum?" That is, can we use the Laplace spectrum of a manifold to draw conclusions about its geometry or...
Arabidopsis -- Effect of metals on. ; Zinc -- Physiological transport. ; Iron -- Physiological transport. ; Plants -- Effect of iron on. ; Plants -- Effect of zinc on.
Iron and zinc deficiency commonly limit plant growth and crop yields. Furthermore, deficiencies in both of these micronutrients are common throughout the world, particularly in developing countries where people may only consume simple diets...
We begin with a presentation of the current state of Poljak and Turzik's conjecture that a matroid is sticky if and only if it is modular as described in [5] and [1]. We show that all graphic, cographic, and regular matroids must satisfy the...
Multimedia systems -- Mathematical models. ; Information storage and retrieval systems. ; Machinery -- Alignment.
This thesis introduces multiple media correlation, a new technology for the automatic alignment of multiple media objects such as text, audio, and video. This research began with the question: what can be learned when multiple multimedia components...
In the late 1960s, Ihara began work that led to the Ihara zeta function, a zeta function which is defined on a finite graph. This function is an interesting graph invariant which gives information on expansion properties of the graph. It also...
Social perception -- Physiological aspects. ; Prefrontal cortex -- Physiology.
From the most minimal of person information, such as a photograph or a sentence, people are able to rapidly infer a multitude of complex personality traits. These social inferences are thought to rely upon cognitive representations of person...