Overweight persons -- Attitudes. ; People with disabilities -- Attitudes. ; Obesity -- Public opinion. ; Stigma (Social psychology). ; Self-presentation.
In the last few years, a new perspective on the management of obesity has emerged. Instead of focusing on dieting and weight loss efforts, the new approach focuses on size acceptance. The concept of positively accepting one's deviant features has...
Despite the availability of targeted therapies, breast cancer metastasis and recurrence remain clinically challenging problems. Understanding the function of stem cells in this disease may lead to identification of genetic pathways underlying...
Riemannian manifolds. Singularities (Mathematics). Laplacian operator. Spectral theory (Mathematics). Riemann surfaces. Curves on surfaces. Geometry
Historically, inverse spectral theory has been concerned with the relationship between the geometry and the spectrum of compact Riemannian manifolds, where spectrum means the eigenvalue spectrum of the Laplace operator as it acts on smooth...
Throughout this work, a lattice model was used to capture the behavior of polymer systems. First, the phase behavior of solutions which contain polymer solute in an alkane solvent was investigated. The phase diagrams of these solutions are...
Molecular imaging of cancer features is a critical part of advancing better tools for oncology management and drug discovery, yet it is still evolving as a useful tool. Diffuse Fluorescence Tomography (FT) is one approach to molecular imaging, used...
Digital integrated circuits -- Testing. Digital integrated circuits -- Testing -- Mathematical models. Digital integrated circuits -- Design and construction.
The discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts in the 1958 was the first major discovery of the Space Age. There are two belts of energetic particles. The inner belt is very stable, but the outer belt is extremely variable, especially during...
We describe a set of natural image statistics that are built upon two multi-scale image decompositions, the quadrature mirror filter pyramid decomposition and the local angular harmonic decomposition. These image statistics consist of first- and...
This thesis focuses on the emergence of universal dynamical scaling in quantum critical spin systems driven out of equilibrium, with emphasis on quench dynamics which involves isolated standard critical points, multi-critical points, and...
A new type of analytic expansion for use in stability calculations is presented and applied to the question of the stability of laminar solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. This leads in a natural way to a model of the transition from laminar...
Access control is a core component of any information-security strategy. Researchers have spent tremendous energy over the past forty years defining abstract access-control models and proving various properties about them. However, surprisingly...
This thesis constitutes the first steps in the author's program to investigate the question of when a homotopy of 2-cocycles ω = {ω[subscript t]}[subscript t∊[0,1]] on a locally compact Hausdorff groupoid Ɠ induces an isomorphism of the...
Sponges are a historically ambiguous taxon, often considered primitively simple representatives of early Metazoa, living fossils from the era before the complex morphological features of the bilaterian phyla appeared in the Cambrian. Yet recent...
Aneuploidy is frequently detected in human cancers and is implicated in carcinogenesis. Pharmacological targeting of aneuploidy is an attractive therapeutic strategy, as this would preferentially eliminate malignant over normal cells. Our prior...
The proliferation of mobile devices and other consumer products has greatly expanded the market for CMOS image sensors. This in turn has promoted a trend of continued improvement in image sensor performance, as companies seek to gain an advantage...
Cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) is a primarily bacterial and nearly universal second messenger used to stimulate a variety of responses from the cell by binding effector proteins. It is created by enzymes called diguanylate cyclases (DGCs) and broken...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) balance self-renewal with the continuous production of the suitable numbers of lineage-restricted progenitor cells. In this work we demonstrate that the Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (Mll1) gene is essential for this...
Phase transitions occur in such diverse and important systems as ferromagnets, liquid crystals and the early Universe. The dynamics of phase transitions such as these have been studied for decades, but the analytical models still need a great deal...
2-D and 3-D woven composites are becoming materials of choice for the forming of structural parts for an ever-increasing range of industries from infrastructure to aerospace. Research has shown that for a wide range of structural composites, in...
Plasma instabilities. ; Ionospheric electron density. ; Ionosphere.
As a result of an unstable plasma stratification the nighttime equatorial ionosphere is subject to a variety of plasma instabilities known commonly as equatorial spread-F. In its fully developed form spread-F consists of large wedges of depleted...