For ordinary knots in R 3 , there are no degree one Vassiliev invariants. For virtual knots, however, the space of degree one Vassiliev invariants is infinite dimensional. We introduce a sequence of three degree one Vassiliev invariants of virtual...
Stigma (Social psychology). Aging -- Psychological aspects. Cognition -- Age factors. Older people -- Attitudes.
Extensive research on aging has demonstrated that normal aging debilitates executive function, a system that is critical for regulating stereotypes. However, there is a paucity of research on whether age-related declines to executive function...
Sexual selection is a driver of biodiversity and creates spectacular forms of variation. However, only recently have we begun to understand how this variation operates on the postcopulatory level and how cryptic mechanisms affect male-male...
Let K be the function field over a finite field of odd order, and let H be a definite quaternion algebra over K. If Α is an order of level M in H , we define theta series for each ideal I of Α using the reduced norm on H. Using harmonic analysis...
Sorting very large datasets is a key subroutine in almost any application that is built on top of a large database. Two ways to sort out-of-core data dominate the literature: merging-based algorithms and partitioning-based algorithms. Within these...
Although ambivalence is not an everyday emotional state, it is quite prevelent during critical behavioral and life changes (e.g., smoking cessation). The goal of the present thesis was to understand the relationships between acute (Aim 1) and...
As methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) hospitalizations keep increasing, the understanding of the characteristics that make one isolate more successful over another is paramount. Strain variations among Staphylococcus aureus observed...
Recent years have witnessed a new class of monitoring applications that need to continuously collect information from remote data sources. Those data sources, such as web click-streams, stock quotes, and sensor data, are often characterized as...
Internet -- Security measures. Public key infrastructure (Computer security). Digital signatures. Peer-to-peer architecture (Computer networks) -- Security measures.
The Internet has become a virtual place where people not only operate in isolation but also interact with other Internet users. Collaborative systems are becoming more popular. Applications now being introduced could provide better remote education...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
Visual searches for a conjunction of features (e.g., a particular combination of color and shape) are ordinarily slow and difficult. However, search efficiency for a particular conjunction can improve dramatically within a few hundred practice...
The neurophysiological examination of auditory-object representations has focused on how early auditory cortical areas code for the spectral and temporal features of auditory objects. The goals of this dissertation was to investigate how auditory...
The Euler '-function and Carmichael -function are extremely important in modern number theory, and much work has been devoted to studying the distribution and arithmetic properties of the values of each function. One interesting unresolved question...
Face perception -- Physiological aspects. Face perception -- Social aspects. Sex differences (Psychology). Neuropsychology.
The general objective of the current thesis was to investigate the neural substrates underlying the perception of opposite-sex faces. Building on what is already known about the distributed network of brain areas supporting various dimensions of...
In order to most effectively investigate protein structure and improve protein function, it is necessary to carefully plan appropriate experiments. The combinatorial number of possible experiment plans demands effective criteria and efficient...
Clinical medicine -- Decision making. ; Medical informatics. ; Patient participation. ; Osteoarthritis -- Treatment. ; Knee -- Diseases -- Treatment. ; Decision Making. ; Decision Support Techniques.
Problem Statement. Effective patients' decision aids (PtDAs) help patients understand clinical information and reduce decisional conflict. PtDAs that also explicitly provide guidance through four """"Deliberative Steps"""" may achieve additional...
Perceptual-motor learning -- Physiological aspects. ; Language acquisition -- Physiological aspects. ; Motor ability -- Physiological aspects. ; Knots and splices.
The studies presented in this dissertation explore several points of intersection between action perception and production within the human brain. One's ability to use perceptual information about another individual's actions to guide and inform...
Overweight persons -- Attitudes. ; People with disabilities -- Attitudes. ; Obesity -- Public opinion. ; Stigma (Social psychology). ; Self-presentation.
In the last few years, a new perspective on the management of obesity has emerged. Instead of focusing on dieting and weight loss efforts, the new approach focuses on size acceptance. The concept of positively accepting one's deviant features has...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
In this thesis we look at several problems that lie in the intersection between combinatorial and multiplicative number theory. A common theme of many of these problems are estimates for and properties of the smooth numbers, those integers not...
Sponges are a historically ambiguous taxon, often considered primitively simple representatives of early Metazoa, living fossils from the era before the complex morphological features of the bilaterian phyla appeared in the Cambrian. Yet recent...
The ability to resist highly tempting reward impulses is a struggle that all humans face on a daily basis, one that gives rise to many societal problems such as obesity and drug addiction. This form of self-regulation involves a critical balance...
When we want to know what others are thinking or feeling, we look to their face for clues. Affective neuroscience has usefully documented behavioral, psychophysiological and neural responses to the facial displays of others. Though this work...
Sensing light from the environment using photoreceptors is of great adaptive significance to eukaryotes. A prominent feature of the photochemistry of these receptors is the photocycle length, the time taken to decay from the initial signaling light...
This dissertation examines the behavioral and physiological adaptations employed by modern humans to subsist in tropical rainforests. I employ various theoretical and methodological approaches to test hypotheses using empirical data from African...
The identification of molecular alterations present in cancer is critical to better understand carcinogenesis as well as the clinical trajectories of patients with malignant tumors. Early detection and application of appropriate treatment...
The oculomotor system needs up-to-date information about eye position in order to make accurate saccades to stimuli in the environment. This thesis investigated how well the oculomotor system uses information about eye position to make a variety of...
Space and time in language. ; Space perception. ; Figure-ground perception. ; Psycholinguistics.
Across languages, there exists a relatively small number of spatial prepositions. These terms are used to express the infinite number of possible spatial locations of an unlimited number of different entities in the environment. Previous research...