The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
We start by introducing avoidance coupling of Markov chains, with an overview of existing results. We then introduce and motivate a new notion, uniform coupling. We show that the only Markovian avoidance coupling on a cycle is of this type, and...
Robots -- Control systems. ; Robots -- Motion. ; Computer algorithms. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
Self-reconfiguring robots are robots composed of many physically connected modules which can change their structural configuration to support multiple functionalities. We claim that self-reconfiguring robots are more versatile, extensible, and...
A polynomial is a product of distinct cyclotomic polynomials if and only if it is a divisor over [Special characters omitted.] [x ] of xn - 1 for some positive integer n. In this thesis, we will examine two natural questions concerning the divisors...
Clinical medicine -- Practice. ; Medicine -- Practice. ; Group medical practice.
Health care micro-systems are small, organized groups of clinicians and staff working together with a shared clinical purpose to provide care for a defined set of patients. The size of individual micro-systems vary--a micro-system must be large...
Let K be the function field over a finite field of odd order, and let H be a definite quaternion algebra over K. If Î‘ is an order of level M in H , we define theta series for each ideal I of Î‘ using the reduced norm on H. Using harmonic analysis...
A method for the reconstruction of a spectrum of mechanical properties from phase-contrast, MR displacement data is developed and implemented via the finite element method. To overcome the significant computational load associated with...
Autonomous off-road navigation in unstructured, terrain can encounter mobility difficulties even when the surface that the vehicle is driving over is level and free from obstacles. Mobility challenges result from soil characteristics that prevent...
Quantitative Risk Analysis of Computer Networks (QSRA) addresses the problem of risk opacity of software in networks. It allows risk managers to get a detailed and comprehensive snapshot of the constitutive software on the network, assess its risk...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Modern distributed systems scatter sensors, storage, and computation throughout the environment. Ideally these devices communicate and share resources, but there is seldom motivation for a device''s owner to yield control to another user. We...
This research has established feasibility of surface temperature characterization using ruby fluorescence. Study was performed in pin-on-disk geometry, with balls made of different plastics sliding against the sapphire disk. Fluorescence signal was...
Primary care (Medicine) -- United States -- Evaluation. ; Medicine -- Specialties and specialists. ; Physicians -- Supply and demand -- United States.
Background. Strengthening the role of primary care is considered a key element in improving the outcomes and efficiency of health care delivery. Previous studies of the benefits of primary care have primarily examined the association of primary...
The theory community has worked on Secure Multiparty Computation (SMC) for more than two decades, and has produced many protocols for many settings. One common thread in these works is that the protocols cannot use a Trusted Third Party (TTP), even...
NAD (Coenzyme) -- Metabolism.
Nicotinamide -- Mechanism of action.
Phosphatases.
Phosphates -- Metabolism -- Regulation.
Medical Term Nucleotidases -- metabolism.
Nicotinamide-beta-riboside.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is classically known as an essential co-enzyme for hydride transfer reactions in metabolism. More recently, it has been recognized as a consumed substrate of ADPribose transfer enzymes...
Primary care (Medicine) -- United States -- Evaluation.
Medicine -- Specialties and specialists.
Physicians -- Supply and demand -- United States.
Background: Strengthening the role of primary care is considered a key element in improving the outcomes and efficiency of health care delivery. Previous studies of the benefits of primary care have primarily examined the association of primary...
Single cycle electromagnetic pulses have been difficult to experimentally generate and to theoretically analyze. With the recent development of terahertz systems based on near infrared femtosecond lasers it has become possible to perform single...
This thesis investigates the embedding theory of orders in central simple algebras, placing a particular emphasis on the role that the phenomenon known as selectivity plays in the theory. Although the notion of selectivity is completely algebraic,...
It is never an easy task to make reasonable decisions on how people should act to preserve natural resources and to have various stakeholders agree with such decisions. This difficulty arises for a number of reasons, including: (1) the existence of...
Letter winners-- Dartmouth College's President- Emeritus Ernest Martin Hopkins (left) and President John Sloan Dickey (right) receive their "d's" from Charles F. Moore, Orleans, Mass., chairman of the 1964 Alumni Fund. They were inducted, along...
Please credit Stuart Bratesman; Half back Sean Maher scores D's 1st TD on an 18yd run in the 1st quarter left guard 61, George Thompson blocks in front. Princeton 1981