Part I. A photoprecursor for difluorocarbene . The goal of this research was to develop a more practical and efficient photoprecursor for difluorocarbene. The first approach was concerned with the synthesis of 4,4-difluoropyrazoline-3,5-dione ( 5...
The previously synthesized 3,4-dibromo-8-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-dien-2-one has been shown to be a very versatile building block for the synthesis of complex natural product structures. This key building block has been made in both...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
Arctic soils in the permafrost region store substantially more carbon than is contained in the atmosphere, and are undergoing rapid change associated with anthropogenic climate change. Soil decomposition is an important component of ecosystem...
'Orthogonal modular forms are algebraic modular forms arising from lattices in quadratic spaces. In this thesis, we define orthogonal modular forms, establish their basic properties, and then apply them to a case of ternary quadratic spaces to...
For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Îž n and Î” n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Î” n in Îž 2 n ....
Order picking systems -- Automation -- Computer simulation.
This research ventures into areas beyond traditional control frameworks in its focus. It integrates holonic concepts into a hierarchical control framework of a complex automated order fulfillment technology. Simulation of an actual full-scale order...
Nanocomposite materials containing both gold and cobalt were synthesized using block copolymers as agents for controlling spatial organization of the nanoparticles. The targeted polymers are polystyrene- block -poly(alkyne-functional)styrene...
This thesis focuses on the emergence of universal dynamical scaling in quantum critical spin systems driven out of equilibrium, with emphasis on quench dynamics which involves isolated standard critical points, multi-critical points, and...
Gene set testing has become a critical tool for interpreting the results of high-throughput genomic experiments. Despite the development of robust statistical methods and extensive gene set collections, however, the results from gene set testing...
Molecular imaging of cancer features is a critical part of advancing better tools for oncology management and drug discovery, yet it is still evolving as a useful tool. Diffuse Fluorescence Tomography (FT) is one approach to molecular imaging, used...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
The great strength of the C-F bond has enabled fluorocarbons to find many industrial and domestic applications, and makes C-F activation a chemical and technical challenge akin to that of C-H bond activation in hydrocarbons. In our mission to...
I. Markovnikov-Selective Hydrothiolation of Styrenes: Application to the Synthesis of Stereodefined Olefins There have been few reports in the literature describing Lewis Acid-catalyzed hydrothiolations that furnish Markovnikov-selective Câ€“S bond...
In this thesis we develop a theory of Fourier analysis and fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) for finite inverse semigroups. Our results generalize results in the theory of Fourier analysis for finite groups. There is a general method for generating...
Brain mapping via EEG activation is a useful tool of basic neuroscience, and has wide clinical applications as well. The mapping is achieved by means of Event Related Potentials (ERPs), task-related changes in EEG time series. The methodology of...
Chapter one: Synthesis, resolution and application of P-chirogenic phosphines. This chapter serves as a general introduction, and gives a brief overview of the synthesis, resolution and applications of chiral organophosphorus compounds. In...
We present new appearance editing algorithms that allow artists to perform complex editing operations on spatially-varying appearance datasets such as images and measured materials, in an intuitive and efficient manner. The goal is to develop...
Robots -- Control systems. ; Robots -- Motion. ; Computer algorithms. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
Self-reconfiguring robots are robots composed of many physically connected modules which can change their structural configuration to support multiple functionalities. We claim that self-reconfiguring robots are more versatile, extensible, and...
Human locomotion -- Computer-assisted instruction. ; Real-time data processing. ; Human-computer interaction.
Teaching physical motions such as riding, exercising, swimming, etc. to human beings is hard. Coaches face difficulties in communicating their feedback verbally and cannot correct the student mid-action; teaching videos are two dimensional and...
Emergency medical response requires timely and efficient assessment and treatment of casualties. Mass casualty situations, in particular, strain the resources of emergency responders, prompting the need for a well-organized, effective, automated...
Pervasive computing leads to an increased integration between the real world and the computational world, and many applications in pervasive computing adapt to the user's context, such as the location of the user and relevant devices, the presence...