APETALA3 (AP3) is a MADS box gene required for normal development of the petals and stamens in the Arabidopsis flower. AP3 transcriptional regulation occurs in two stages; an initial establishment phase, which is mediated by LEAFY (LFY) and UNUSUAL...
Radio relics are extended regions of synchrotron radio emission that have been found in the outskirts of a few dozen galaxy clusters. Relics are often associated with clusters undergoing merger activity. They are not associated optically with a...
'The control of waves using periodic structures is crucial for modern optical, electromagnetic and acoustic devices such as diffraction gratings, filters, photonic crystals, solar cells, sensors, and absorbers. We present a high-order accurate...
Multiresolution image transformations have become commonplace tools for analyzing images for a number of applications, including enhancement and restoration. Powerful models for these applications have been developed in the transform domain of...
The demand for novel molecularly targeted drugs will continue to rise as we make progress toward personalizing cancer treatments to the molecular signatures of individual tumors. While the collection and analysis of genomic data has become routine,...
We have a limited understanding of how an opinion is originated, how an opinion and information supporting and explaining it gets conveyed, and how the communicated opinion is perceived and processed by others. One direction of current research...
After decades of searching we have yet to find the progenitor systems for type Ia supernovae. In fact most of what we know about this homogeneous class of supernovae is from spectral features associated with the incinerated remains of the C+O white...
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. The discovery of breast tumor subtypes and the subsequent development of treatments aimed at them has allowed a reduction in the mortality of breast cancer. However, tumors with similar...
We study the bijective combinatorics of reduced words. These are fundamental objects in the study of Coxeter groups. We restrict our focus to reduced words of permutations and signed permutations. Our results can all be situated within the context...
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other high-throughput initiatives have led to an information explosion in human genetics and genetic epidemiology, the mapping from genotype to phenotype remains challenging as most of the...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...
Ice mechanics. Compressibility. Fracture mechanics. Strains and stresses. Brittleness.
This work describes the effect of triaxial compressive confinement on the strength of columnar S2 ice loaded under conditions leading to brittle failure. Cubes of columnar S2 ice were tested at -10 °C under triaxial (proportional) loading where...
Earlier work has suggested that various neurological or neuropsychiatric disorders may result in characteristic spatial patterns in brain activation, potentially allowing their detection from maps of brain activity under different conditions....
Operating systems and low-level applications are usually written in languages like C and assembly, which provide access to low-level abstractions. These languages have unsafe type systems that allow many bugs to slip by programmers. For example, in...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Magnetic nanoparticles are promising candidates for use in biomedical applications as remote sensors of biophysical properties, thermal therapy agents, and detectors of specific biomolecules. Many approaches have been used to model magnetic...
This thesis centers around a generalization of the classical discrete Fourier transform. We first present a general diagrammatic approach to the construction of efficient algorithms for computing the Fourier transform of a function on a finite...
In this thesis we study 1=k-geodesics, those closed geodesics that minimize on any subinterval of length L=k, where L is the length of the geodesic. These curves arise as critical points of the uniform energy, a function introduced in Morse theory...
The discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts in the 1958 was the first major discovery of the Space Age. There are two belts of energetic particles. The inner belt is very stable, but the outer belt is extremely variable, especially during...
Identifying the determinants of reproductive success in small-scale societies is critical for understanding how natural selection has shaped human evolution and behavior. The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as...
We provide a theoretical model for a design involving a dc voltage biased Josephson junction (JJ) that strongly drives a high quality factor microwave cavity via the ac Josephson effect. We explore the rich classical dynamics of the resultant...
Partially ordered sets and permutations are combinatorial structures having vast applications in theoretical computer science. In this thesis, we study various computational and algorithmic problems related to these structures. The first chapter of...
The ionosphere is the primary source for heavy ions which are ubiquitous in the terrestrial magnetosphere. Low-altitude energization in the auroral ionosphere results in bulk heating and transverse acceleration of ions, which begin to upwell and/or...
Information resources management -- Mathematical models. ; Database management -- Methodology. ; Change. ; World Wide Web.
Many modern information management tasks consist of an observer that must maintain current knowledge of a collection of changing information. The goal of this observer is to maintain acceptably accurate state estimates given limited observation...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
Our conscious experience of memory often includes reconstuctions of the past in order to fill the gaps of forgotten events and details. The goal of this thesis is to use the tools of cognitive neuroscience to better understand the cognitive and...
Human behavior -- Mathematical models. ; Web usage mining. ; Internet users.
Whom we e-mail, where we browse, what we purchase, and the things we search for on the World Wide Web all leave identifiable traces of who we are as individuals. In today's technology focused landscape, cyberspace represents the new environment in...
A novel synthetic route to the synthesis of 9-propyl-10-azacyclododecan-12-olide (1), a natural allomone isolated from the Mexican bean beetle pupa, is presented. The salient features of this synthetic route are a regioselective Beckmann...
Tadpoles -- Ecology -- Atlantic States. ; Anura -- Evolution -- Atlantic States. ; Tadpoles. ; Bufonidae -- Atlantic States. ; Ranidae -- Atlantic States. ; Hylidae -- Atlantic States.
Understanding the distribution of species is a long-standing goal of ecology. Progress toward this understanding requires elucidation of how present-day patterns have been generated through history. Accomplishing this demands the study of...
Multisensor data fusion. Sensor networks. Plumes (Fluid dynamics). Automatic tracking. Signal processing -- Digital techniques -- Mathematics.
The work in this thesis deals with a novel approach for detecting and tracking chemical plumes in distributed sensor networks. The ultimate objective is solving the inverse location problem: given unknown sources released at unknown times, the...
A metric structure on a set gives a concept of distance between any two elements of that set, and it induces a topology. In this thesis, we provide several ways to put a metric structure on the collection of CW complexes. We accomplish this by...
In this work we investigate the quantum dynamics of three different configurations of nonlinear cavity systems. We begin by carrying out a quantum analysis of a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) mechanical displacement detector...
Manifolds (Mathematics) Geodesics (Mathematics) Space and time.
We investigate weak and strong refocusing of light rays in a space-time and related concepts. A strongly causal space-time ( X^ n +1 , g ) is emphstrongly refocusing at x ∈ X if there is a point y ≠ x such that all null-geodesics through y pass...
This thesis considers the two special sensor networks for future sensor network design: mobile sensor networks and hybrid network of sensors and robots. To investigate two types of networks, we abstract two most important aspects that are ingrained...
This thesis focuses on the emergence of universal dynamical scaling in quantum critical spin systems driven out of equilibrium, with emphasis on quench dynamics which involves isolated standard critical points, multi-critical points, and...
Smartphones we carry everyday represent the first truly context-aware mobile device. By embedding specialized sensors and pushing AI into phones, it is now possible to continuously sense and infer people's physical activities, social interactions,...
Throughout this work, a lattice model was used to capture the behavior of polymer systems. First, the phase behavior of solutions which contain polymer solute in an alkane solvent was investigated. The phase diagrams of these solutions are...
There is a renewed interest in the study of the radiation belts with the recent launch of the Van Allen Probes satellites. The mechanisms that drive the global response of the radiation belts to geomagnetic storms are not yet well understood....
We examine variations of cops and robbers games on graphs. Our goals are to introduce some randomness into their study, and to estimate (expected) capture time. We show that a cop chasing a random walker can capture him in expected time n + o(n)....