Friction severely limits performance in precise positioning systems. This thesis investigates one possible approach to counter friction related performance losses, friction cancellation. In this method a friction observer is used to estimate...
Partially ordered sets. ; Convex polytopes. ; Representations of groups.
This thesis deals with geometric representations of ordered sets. In a geometric representation, each element of the ordered set is assigned a geometric object, with two elements incomparable in the ordered set if and only if the corresponding...
We prove the existence of nontrivial multiparameter isospectral deformations of metrics on the classical compact simple Lie groups SO (n) (n = 9, n ≥11), Spin(n) (n = 9, n ≥11), SU (n) (n ≥7), and Sp (n) (n ≥5). The proof breaks into three...
Brain mapping via EEG activation is a useful tool of basic neuroscience, and has wide clinical applications as well. The mapping is achieved by means of Event Related Potentials (ERPs), task-related changes in EEG time series. The methodology of...
Genetic and immunological tools have been used to study two protozoan parasites, Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasma gondii provides an excellent model for the study of protozoan parasite biology. Plasmodium falciparum causes...
Modern distributed systems scatter sensors, storage, and computation throughout the environment. Ideally these devices communicate and share resources, but there is seldom motivation for a device''s owner to yield control to another user. We...
This thesis is divided into 2 parts. In the first part of the thesis, we describe a software based approach to speeding up the Magnetic Resonance Imaging modality. In the second part of the thesis, we describe Significance Tree Quantization, which...
Information resources management -- Mathematical models. ; Database management -- Methodology. ; Change. ; World Wide Web.
Many modern information management tasks consist of an observer that must maintain current knowledge of a collection of changing information. The goal of this observer is to maintain acceptably accurate state estimates given limited observation...
Van Allen radiation belts -- Mathematical models. ; Magnetosphere -- Mathematical models. ; Magnetohydrodynamics -- Mathematical models.
The physics of geomagnetically-trapped radiation has been a topic of interest since the discovery of the Van Allen belts in 1958. As the energetic particles comprising these belts can pose a hazard to human activity in space, considerable effort...
Chlorinated ethenes are ubiquitous environmental pollutants of public concern due to their potential toxicity and carcinogenicity. Under appropriate conditions anaerobic bacteria mediate the dechlorination of perchloroethylene (a common dry...
5,6-Azulyne, the first azulyne to be prepared, has been trapped with furan to give an adduct whose crystal structure reveals marked bond alternation in the azulene pi system. The double bond in the furan moiety is responsible in part for the bond...
CYP3A has the highest affinity for oxidation of Acetaminophen (APAP) with a Km close to the concentration observed in human serum after administration of therapeutic doses of APAP. CYP3A may be induced by numerous drugs as well as alcohols. We...
The Maine Coastal Current (MCC) flows south-westward along the New England coast in the Gulf of Maine. Red tides, river-borne pollutants, and biological species are hypothesized to be transported by the MCC. The transport pathways, and their...
Steep terrain produces a topographic effect in digital satellite data that can make it difficult to distinguish changes in vegetation species or health from changes in illumination geometry. A multiple linear regression analysis of direct solar...
Spectral theory is the subfield of differential geometry which provided the solution to Kac''s famous question, "Can you hear the shape of a drum?" That is, can we use the Laplace spectrum of a manifold to draw conclusions about its geometry or...
An investigation of the mechanical properties of Fe-Al single crystals by tensile testing both at different strain rates (10 -7 s -1 to 1 s -1 ) and in different environments (air, vacuum, or oxygen), showed that moisture-produced hydrogen in Fe-Al...
The effects of vacancies on the mechanical properties of FeAl single crystals and polycrystals have been investigated. Scanning calorimetric results indicate that vacancies in quenched Fe-40Al undergo rearrangement at ~550K, and then annihilate at...
Dipterocarpaceae -- Ecology -- Indonesia -- Kalimantan Barat. ; Rain forest ecology -- Indonesia -- Kalimantan Barat. ; Herbivores -- Ecology.
A decline in population growth as the abundance of a species increases can stabilize population size. In Western Borneo, I found evidence for such density dependence in juveniles of the genus Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae) that dominates southeast...
The respiratory control network (RC) is made up nuclei dispersed throughout the pons and medulla oblongata and receives information from various sources that alter respiratory output. My studies have been focussed on one of these nuclei that play a...
Calanus finmarchicus -- Georges Bank. ; Calanus finmarchicus -- Maine Gulf of. ; Calanus finmarchicus -- North Atlantic Ocean.
Calanus finmarchicus, a kind of marine zooplankton, plays an important ecological role throughout the North Atlantic. Striking seasonal variations exist in its abundance and distribution in the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank region. On the Bank in...
Mobile agents (Computer software). ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing. ; Sequential processing (Computer science) -- Mathematical models.
Mobile agents have received much attention recently as a way to efficiently access distributed resources in a low bandwidth network. Planning allows mobile agents to make the best use of the available resources. This thesis studies several planning...
We consider a problem of information overload: the conflict between vast amounts of data available in electronic form and inadequate tools for finding relevant information. To alleviate this problem we look at the information organization:...
Musical intervals and scales -- Psychological aspects. ; Music -- Psychological aspects. ; Chords (Music) -- Psychological aspects. ; Stability.
In Western tonal music, the major mode is associated with positive emotions, and the minor mode is associated with negative emotions. Although this is a highly salient distinction, it is poorly understood. In 9 experiments, participants made...
We associate, to each positive integer n , a Cayley graph to the group PSL(2.Ζ[subscript n]). We then consider the isoperimetric numbers of these graphs. In chapter three we determine upper bounds for the isoperimetric number by a detailed...
Microelectronics -- Design and construction. ; Micromachining. ; Strains and stresses. ; Silicon compounds.
This dissertation presents the use and extension of capabilities of surface machining technology, utilizing stress engineering between polysilicon and silicon nitride layers to build three-dimensional microstructures. A new theory and experimental...
A method for the reconstruction of a spectrum of mechanical properties from phase-contrast, MR displacement data is developed and implemented via the finite element method. To overcome the significant computational load associated with...
Space plasmas. ; Magnetopause. ; Solar wind. ; Magnetic flux. ; Plasma astrophysics.
Two types of two-dimensional (2-D), coherent (time-stationary) space plasma structures, described by one-fluid, magnetostatic and isotropic plasma theory, are examined. One is the internal structure of the Earth's magnetopause and the other is...