Infrared imaging. Image reconstruction. Optical images -- Mathematical models. Breast -- Imaging. Infrared radiation in medicine.
Finite element based reconstruction algorithms for optical property profiling in biological tissues have been developed, implemented and evaluated using simulated data and laboratory measurements obtained with near infrared continuous wave (cw) and...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
Given graded C *-algebras A and B , we define the notion of an admissible pair ([straight phi], D ) for A and B . Associated to an admissible pair ([straight phi], D ) is an equivalence class of asymptotic morphisms from A to B . Under certain...
This thesis contains some results concerning groupoid dynamical systems and crossed products. We introduce the notion of a proper groupoid dynamical system and of its generalized fixed point algebra. We show that our notion of proper groupoid...
Sorting very large datasets is a key subroutine in almost any application that is built on top of a large database. Two ways to sort out-of-core data dominate the literature: merging-based algorithms and partitioning-based algorithms. Within these...
Radio relics are extended regions of synchrotron radio emission that have been found in the outskirts of a few dozen galaxy clusters. Relics are often associated with clusters undergoing merger activity. They are not associated optically with a...
A new type of analytic expansion for use in stability calculations is presented and applied to the question of the stability of laminar solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. This leads in a natural way to a model of the transition from laminar...
This thesis contains material relating to two separate subjects. The first section determines when the C*-algebra affiliated to a directed graph has continuous trace. We use groupoid methods and the focus is on producing conditions on a graph that...
Studies presented in this dissertation focus on the transcriptional targets and cellular functions of [Delta]Np63[alpha], the predominant TP63 isoform expressed in epithelial stem cell compartments. TP63, a member of the p53 family of...
Casimir effect. Zero-point field. Electric conductivity. Quantum electrodynamics.
The Casimir force arises from an alteration of boundary condition in vacuum and is often regarded as a manifestation of quantum zero point energy. Considerable progress has been made in the last decade with an impressive achievement of experimental...
This thesis constitutes the first steps in the author's program to investigate the question of when a homotopy of 2-cocycles Ï‰ = {Ï‰[subscript t]}[subscript tâˆŠ[0,1]] on a locally compact Hausdorff groupoid Æ“ induces an isomorphism of the...
Drosophila melanogaster is a model organism often used when studying the complex processes of neuronal signaling and neurodegeneration. The short life cycle, malleable genetics, amenability to in vivo electrophysiological assays and sensitivity to...
Medical imaging methods have become increasingly important in diagnosing diseases and assisting therapeutic treatment. In particular, early detection of breast cancer is considered as a critical factor in reducing the mortality rate of women....
Vibrio cholerae is the etiologic agent of cholera in humans. Intestinal colonization occurs via ingestion of contaminated food and water and results in symptoms that include the production of the characteristic rice water stool, vomiting, and...
Operating systems and low-level applications are usually written in languages like C and assembly, which provide access to low-level abstractions. These languages have unsafe type systems that allow many bugs to slip by programmers. For example, in...
Public key infrastructure (Computer security). ; Computer networks -- Security measures. ; Operating systems (Computers). ; Microcomputers.
In 1976, Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman demonstrated how public key cryptography could enable secure information exchange between parties that do not share secrets. In order for public key cryptography to work in modern distributed...
Motivated by quantum mechanics and geometric optics, it is a long-standing problem whether the length spectrum of a compact Riemannian manifold can be recovered from its Laplace spectrum. One route to proving that the length spectrum depends on the...
Recent technological advances have fostered the emergence of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which consist of tiny, wireless, battery-powered nodes that are expected to revolutionize the ways in which we understand and construct complex physical...
Morbidity and complexity involved in lymph node staging via surgical resection and biopsy could ideally be overcome using node assay techniques that are non-invasive. Visible blue dyes, fluorophores and radio-tracers are often used to locate the...
Networks that model relationships in the real world have attracted much attention in the past few years. The "link prediction problem" plays a central role in the network area. In this thesis, we explore the link prediction problem in a...
Chromosomal instability (CIN) is defined as a high rate of whole chromosome loss or gain and is a hallmark of many aneuploid solid tumors. CIN positively correlates with poor patient prognosis and chemotherapeutic resistance. The persistence of...
The main driving force behind the development of computers was the attempt to solve problems that would otherwise require a large amount of time to be solved. Despite the technological development that has made computers ubiquitous in daily lives,...
Flexible fiber scopes are widely used in industry and medicine. Typical scopes are made using conventional optical components and order-packed flexible image bundles. The optical performance of a flexible scope is largely determined by that of the...
Mitomycin C -- Mechanism of action. ; Xeroderma pigmentosum. ; DNA -- Effect of mitomycin C on. ; DNA-protein interactions -- Effect of mitomycin C on. ; DNA repair. ; Arsenic -- Physiological effect. ; Cadmium -- Physiological effect.
Despite the fact that numerous chemically and structurally diverse DNA lesions are repaired by nucleotide excision repair (NER), the mechanism of the interaction of XPA with damaged DNA is not well characterized. The overall goal of this study was...
Mitotic apparatuses from sea urchin embryos contain a protein (p62), previously shown to be required for mitotic progression. This protein localizes to the mitotic apparatus during cell division in urchin embryos and mammalian tissue culture cells....
Many intracellular transport events are mediated by vesicles that bud from donor membranes and then fuse with acceptor membranes. The transport of secretory proteins between the ER and Golgi compartments of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has...
Emergency medical response requires timely and efficient assessment and treatment of casualties. Mass casualty situations, in particular, strain the resources of emergency responders, prompting the need for a well-organized, effective, automated...