'The control of waves using periodic structures is crucial for modern optical, electromagnetic and acoustic devices such as diffraction gratings, filters, photonic crystals, solar cells, sensors, and absorbers. We present a high-order accurate...
We have a limited understanding of how an opinion is originated, how an opinion and information supporting and explaining it gets conveyed, and how the communicated opinion is perceived and processed by others. One direction of current research...
Opinion dynamics is a complex procedure that entails a cognitive process when it deals with how a person integrates influential opinions to form revised opinion. Early research on opinion formation and social influence can be traced back to the...
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is a major positive regulator of the PI3K signaling pathway that regulates many important cellular functions including growth, proliferation, survival, metabolism, and angiogenesis. The PIK3CA gene, encoding the...
This thesis constitutes the first steps in the author's program to investigate the question of when a homotopy of 2-cocycles ω = {ω[subscript t]}[subscript t∊[0,1]] on a locally compact Hausdorff groupoid Ɠ induces an isomorphism of the...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
In Chapter 2 we look at the distribution of permutation statistics in the context of pattern-avoiding permutations. The first part of this chapter deals with a recursively defined bijection of Robertson [37] between 123- and 132-avoiding...
Through a series of case studies, signal processing and statistical tools, analyses of dynamic sea ice processes of drift, deformation, and ice pack expansion and decay are investigated for the Weddell Sea region during 1992. Cavitating fluid (CAV)...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
The accelerated expansion of space in the Universe has been known for two decades. However, finding a plausible theory that describes this expansion is more difficult: Taking general relativity for granted requires us to stipulate the existence of...
Staphylococcus aureus is a formidable pathogen, and its high morbidity and mortality rates are compounded by its ability to quickly develop antibiotic resistance. The current antimicrobial pipeline is inadequate to curb this mounting public health...
Introduction. Nosocomial sepsis in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants 501-1000 grams is associated with increased mortality risk, prolonged hospitalization, and increased costs of care. Purpose. The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the...
Neurospora -- Genetics. ; Neurospora -- Effect of light on. ; Circadian rhythms. ; Proteins -- Synthesis -- Effect of light on. ; Genetic regulation.
The frequency gene and the two proteins it encodes are central components of the Neurospora circadian clock. The frq message and proteins are involved in a negative feedback loop in which FRO represses its own transcript level. Based on this...
Clinical medicine -- Practice. ; Medicine -- Practice. ; Group medical practice.
Health care micro-systems are small, organized groups of clinicians and staff working together with a shared clinical purpose to provide care for a defined set of patients. The size of individual micro-systems vary--a micro-system must be large...
H-NS, an abundant nucleoid associated protein, has a role in silencing the expression of a variety of environmentally regulated genes during growth under nonpermissive conditions. A genetic approach was used to study H-NS regulation of genes in...
Spectral theory is the subfield of differential geometry which provided the solution to Kac''s famous question, "Can you hear the shape of a drum?" That is, can we use the Laplace spectrum of a manifold to draw conclusions about its geometry or...
Gaze -- Psychological aspects. ; Facial expression. ; Body language.
The primary goal of the current research was to examine the effect of perceived gaze direction on the perception and processing of facially communicated emotion. There is good reason to believe that gaze direction and facial displays of emotion...
Community health services -- United States -- Evaluation. ; Health care reform -- United States. ; Medical care -- United States -- Evaluation. ; Evidence-based medicine.
We associate, to each positive integer n , a Cayley graph to the group PSL(2.Ζ[subscript n]). We then consider the isoperimetric numbers of these graphs. In chapter three we determine upper bounds for the isoperimetric number by a detailed...
In an undercooled environment any protuberance or bump on a planar solid/liquid interface that extends into the melt enhances its growth since the surrounding temperature gradient is greater than that about the planar surface. Consequently, the...
In the late 1960s, Ihara began work that led to the Ihara zeta function, a zeta function which is defined on a finite graph. This function is an interesting graph invariant which gives information on expansion properties of the graph. It also...
The Dartmouth Stellar Evolution Program, a state of the art stellar evolution code, has been modified and expanded to increase its versatility. The modifications include: the ability to self-consistently model stars with arbitrary chemical...
Motivated by the goal of investigating the dynamics of the electroweak phase transition in the early Universe, a study of dynamical aspects of nonlinear field-theoretical systems is performed. Symmetric and asymmetric double-well potentials in the...
Colloidal nanoparticles are particles with sizes ranging from one nanometer to several hundred nanometers, which disperse evenly in a dispersion medium. In aqueous solutions, amphiphilic molecules organize themselves to form such colloidal systems...
Cellular signal transduction. Transcription factors. cos protein, Drosophila. Medical Terms: Hedgehog Proteins; Signal Transduction -- physiology; ci protein, Drosophila.
The evolutionarily conserved Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is required for proper embryonic patterning and development. Deregulated Hh signaling has been implicated in various human carcinomas and developmental defects, thus elucidation of the...
Community mental health services -- Decision making. Mentally ill -- Care -- Decision making. Psychotherapist and patient.
Background. Electronic decision support systems (EDSS) using a shared decision making framework may be a new technology to facilitate service planning in public sector mental health care. The case management context is a ripe testing ground for...
This thesis considers the two special sensor networks for future sensor network design: mobile sensor networks and hybrid network of sensors and robots. To investigate two types of networks, we abstract two most important aspects that are ingrained...