We describe a set of natural image statistics that are built upon two multi-scale image decompositions, the quadrature mirror filter pyramid decomposition and the local angular harmonic decomposition. These image statistics consist of first- and...
Through a series of case studies, signal processing and statistical tools, analyses of dynamic sea ice processes of drift, deformation, and ice pack expansion and decay are investigated for the Weddell Sea region during 1992. Cavitating fluid (CAV)...
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the gonadal hormone, testosterone. Despite their many untoward side effects, AAS are wildly abused for their ergogenic properties. AAS have numerous effects on many organ systems,...
Flexible fiber scopes are widely used in industry and medicine. Typical scopes are made using conventional optical components and order-packed flexible image bundles. The optical performance of a flexible scope is largely determined by that of the...
Coding theory. Characters of groups. Error-correcting codes (Information theory). Polynomials.
We introduce vector-valued character theory, a higher dimensional generalization of character theory. We then use vector-valued characters to extend the MacWilliams equivalence theorem for linear codes to a class of additive codes, called...
Second harmonic generation. ; Second harmonic generation -- Mathematical models. ; Glass -- Effect of infrared radiation on. ; Glass -- Electric properties.
A yearly breast contrast-MR scan is recommended to high-risk women because of MR's high sensitivity to breast tumors. However, breast contrast-MR yields a high number of false positives that lead to expensive and sometimes unnecessary biopsy...
As the visual effect and movie industries are striving for realism and high fidelity images, physically based lighting, global illumination, realistic materials, and highly tessellated geometry are gradually accepted and used in movie and game...
The auroral zone is a rich source of natural radio emissions that can be observed in space and at ground-level. By studying these waves, scientists can gain insight into the plasma processes that generate them and use the near-Earth space...
Mentally ill -- Care -- Decision making. Mental illness -- Treatment -- Decision making. Mental health services -- Decision making. Mental health -- Information services. Medical informatics. Mental Disorders -- drug therapy.
Objective. We explored preferences and perceptions about treatment decision-making roles among persons with severe mental illness and evaluated two computer-based medication values clarification tools. Methods. In this study we conducted a pilot...
Ice mechanics. Compressibility. Fracture mechanics. Strains and stresses. Brittleness.
This work describes the effect of triaxial compressive confinement on the strength of columnar S2 ice loaded under conditions leading to brittle failure. Cubes of columnar S2 ice were tested at -10 °C under triaxial (proportional) loading where...
Partially ordered sets. ; Convex polytopes. ; Representations of groups.
This thesis deals with geometric representations of ordered sets. In a geometric representation, each element of the ordered set is assigned a geometric object, with two elements incomparable in the ordered set if and only if the corresponding...
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2E1 is considered the sole CYP responsible for APAP bioactivation leading to hepatotoxicity. CYP2E1 is also considered the alcohol-inducible CYP and therefore, the sole CYP responsible for alcohol-mediated increases in APAP...
Boundary integral methods have long been used to solve boundary value problems for elliptic partial differential equations with piecewise constant coefficients, since they have several numerical advantages over conventional volume discretization....
Electroencephalography -- Data processing. ; Epilepsy -- Diagnosis. ; Signal processing -- Mathematics. ; Time-series analysis. ; Wavelets (Mathematics).
Visual interpretation of the EEG associated with an epileptic seizure (ictal EEG) can be cumbersome and sometimes misleading, due to rapid seizure spread, limited spatial resolution and the fact that signals of interest are often obscured by...
Phase transitions occur in such diverse and important systems as ferromagnets, liquid crystals and the early Universe. The dynamics of phase transitions such as these have been studied for decades, but the analytical models still need a great deal...
An interval order is an ordered set whose elements are in correspondence with a collection of intervals in a linearly ordered set, with disjoint intervals ordered by their relative position. The order complex of an ordered set is the simplicial...
Shape modeling is an important area in computer vision and medical imaging. Shape models have proved valuable in the tasks of object representation, recognition, and classification. This thesis focuses on shape models of 3D surfaces extracted from...
The integration of visual and auditory events is thought to require a joint representation of visual and auditory space in a common reference frame. We investigated the coding of visual and auditory space in the lateral and medial intraparietal...
In the late 1960s, Ihara began work that led to the Ihara zeta function, a zeta function which is defined on a finite graph. This function is an interesting graph invariant which gives information on expansion properties of the graph. It also...
Loss processes greatly impact the dynamics of the Earth's radiation belts. In 1996, a balloon-borne germanium detector flown over Kiruna, Sweden detected the first terrestrial X-rays with energies on the order of 1 MeV. The spectrum for these...
Problem Statement Patient safety in the modern hospital is supported by multiple human and technological systems, and this type of high-risk/high-complexity domain requires multiple layers of protection against harm. This fault-tolerant approach is...
Multisensor data fusion. Sensor networks. Plumes (Fluid dynamics). Automatic tracking. Signal processing -- Digital techniques -- Mathematics.
The work in this thesis deals with a novel approach for detecting and tracking chemical plumes in distributed sensor networks. The ultimate objective is solving the inverse location problem: given unknown sources released at unknown times, the...
Spatial heterogeneity inherent in ecological systems impacts both diversity and community structure. However, little is known about the influence of habitat heterogeneity on temporal variability in communities. I performed several studies to...
Digital video -- Analysis. Forensic sciences. Image processing -- Digital techniques.
We present new forensic tools that are capable of detecting traces of tampering in digital video without the use of watermarks or specialized hardware. These tools operate under the assumption that video contain naturally occurring properties which...
Manifolds (Mathematics) Geodesics (Mathematics) Space and time.
We investigate weak and strong refocusing of light rays in a space-time and related concepts. A strongly causal space-time ( X^ n +1 , g ) is emphstrongly refocusing at x ∈ X if there is a point y ≠ x such that all null-geodesics through y pass...
WC-1 and WC-2 are essential for most light responses in Neurospora crassa, but the molecular mechanisms underlying gene induction and the roles of other real and putative photoreceptors remain poorly characterized. Unsupervised hierarchical...