Cupredoxins, such as stellacyanin, plastocyanin, amicyanin, rusticyanin, and azurin perform electron transfer (ET) reactions with partner protein(s) in the cell. The role of the redox cofactor in these proteins is played by a copper ion, which...
Coal combustion remains an important source of toxic metal emissions. Dilute concentrations and poor understanding of their chemistries hinders reduction of these emissions. This thesis examines the chemistry of the trace metals arsenic and mercury...
Bioinorganic chemistry, a discipline that bridges chemistry and biology, has become increasingly popular as new techniques and analytical methods have emerged to study metals in biological systems. One such technique that has become increasingly...
Goldman and Turaev constructed a Lie bialgebra structure on the free Z-module generated by free homotopy classes of loops on an oriented surface. Turaev conjectured that the cobracket of A is zero if and only if A is a power of a simple class. Chas...
Chapter One. Synthesis and Structure of Chiral Pt(Duphos) Terminal Phosphido Complexes. Treatment of Pt halide precursors with a secondary phosphine in the presence of the base NaOSiMe 3 gave the terminal phosphido complexes Pt(Duphos)(Ph)(PMeIs)....
Metal ions. Binding sites (Biochemistry) -- Thermodynamics. Metalloenzymes. Cellular control mechanisms. Thermometric titration. Calorimetry.
The chemistry of biology is complex and there is a great deal that is not understood. A fundamental understanding of biochemical reactions is important to aid in the identification of undiscovered reactions and is critical to fully appreciate the...
In this thesis I present analyses of optical and X-ray data of early-type galaxies in nearby rich clusters as part of the NOAO Fundamental Plane Survey. Spectroscopic parameters, including linestrengths and velocity dispersions are measured for...
The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
Coding theory. Characters of groups. Error-correcting codes (Information theory). Polynomials.
We introduce vector-valued character theory, a higher dimensional generalization of character theory. We then use vector-valued characters to extend the MacWilliams equivalence theorem for linear codes to a class of additive codes, called...
The main theme of this thesis is to investigate the origins of photosensitizer pharmacokinetic variability, how this pharmacokinetic variation affects photodynamic therapy (PDT), and to search for innovative strategies to reduce the...
Bioinorganic chemistry is the study of metal in biological systems. While transition metals such as copper, iron and zinc are essential to all living organisms, they can also be extremely toxic. The same properties that make them necessary render...
As the ubiquitous complexity of common disease has become apparent, so has the need for novel tools and strategies that can accommodate complex patterns of association. In particular, the analytic challenges posed by the phenomena known as...
Antennas (Electronics); ; Thermotherapy. ; Cancer -- Treatment.
Engineers have devised many techniques by which to raise the temperature of a cancer tumor 8 degrees above body temperature. Such treatment is called hyperthermia; experiments in vitro suggest it may be an effective adjunct to standard radition...
Magnetic nanoparticles are promising candidates for use in biomedical applications as remote sensors of biophysical properties, thermal therapy agents, and detectors of specific biomolecules. Many approaches have been used to model magnetic...
Some biomacromolecules require a metal co-factor to stabilize their physiologically active three-dimensional structure. The fundamental thermodynamic values of the binding of metal ions, particularly Zn2+, to a set of biomacromolecules have been...
This thesis centers around a generalization of the classical discrete Fourier transform. We first present a general diagrammatic approach to the construction of efficient algorithms for computing the Fourier transform of a function on a finite...
Structural control (Engineering). ; Smart structures -- Vibration. ; Strains and stresses -- Computer simulation. ; Automatic control -- Sensitivity. ; Feedback control systems.
This thesis investigates vibration-based damage identification problems in smart structures. Vibration-based damage metrics suffer from small sensitivity of modal properties to damage, thus making it difficult to detect, locate, and determine the...
The novel heptachloro-1'-methyl-1,2'-bipyrrole (""Q1"") ( 1 ) is a natural organohalogen that has been detected in more than 100 worldwide environmental samples. In recent years mixed halogenated 1,2'-bipyrroles have also been detected in several...
Since alkoxyamines, O-alkylated nitroxide derivatives, are important control agents for nitroxide-mediated polymerization, protocols for their synthesis should be straigh- forward, cost-effective, and versatile. We have utilized a facile method for...
For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Ξ n and Δ n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Δ n in Ξ 2 n ....