Let K be the function field over a finite field of odd order, and let H be a definite quaternion algebra over K. If Α is an order of level M in H , we define theta series for each ideal I of Α using the reduced norm on H. Using harmonic analysis...
Internet -- Security measures. Public key infrastructure (Computer security). Digital signatures. Peer-to-peer architecture (Computer networks) -- Security measures.
The Internet has become a virtual place where people not only operate in isolation but also interact with other Internet users. Collaborative systems are becoming more popular. Applications now being introduced could provide better remote education...
Over the past decade, a pair of instructions called load-linked (LL) and store-conditional (SC) have emerged as the most suitable synchronization instructions for the design of lock-free algorithms. However, current architectures do not support...
Predictive control. Adaptive control systems -- Design. Airplanes -- Control systems.
A direct method to design data-based model predictive controllers is presented. The design method uses system identification techniques to identify model predictive controller gains directly from a set of excitation input and disturbance corrupted...
Casimir effect. Zero-point field. Electric conductivity. Quantum electrodynamics.
The Casimir force arises from an alteration of boundary condition in vacuum and is often regarded as a manifestation of quantum zero point energy. Considerable progress has been made in the last decade with an impressive achievement of experimental...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
Biological conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals offers recognized benefits. The absence of systematic methodologies for scaling up such conversion is an important issue related to realizing these benefits. This thesis addresses this scale...
Order picking systems -- Automation -- Computer simulation.
This research ventures into areas beyond traditional control frameworks in its focus. It integrates holonic concepts into a hierarchical control framework of a complex automated order fulfillment technology. Simulation of an actual full-scale order...
Digital video -- Analysis. Forensic sciences. Image processing -- Digital techniques.
We present new forensic tools that are capable of detecting traces of tampering in digital video without the use of watermarks or specialized hardware. These tools operate under the assumption that video contain naturally occurring properties which...
Molecular imaging of cancer features is a critical part of advancing better tools for oncology management and drug discovery, yet it is still evolving as a useful tool. Diffuse Fluorescence Tomography (FT) is one approach to molecular imaging, used...
In this thesis we look at several problems that lie in the intersection between combinatorial and multiplicative number theory. A common theme of many of these problems are estimates for and properties of the smooth numbers, those integers not...
There are five ethylene receptors (ETR1, ERS1, ETR2, ERS2, and EIN4) in Arabidopsis. In this study, I tested the hypothesis that ethylene receptors mediate ethylene signaling through protein-protein interactions. First, I demonstrated that ethylene...
This thesis reports work on a new device to detect changes in spatially nonuniform intensity distributions, and shows how this device can be applied to the particular problem of optical vibration detection. The phase of optical radiation is very...
Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) remains the most common bearing material for total joint arthroplasty. Advances in radiation cross-linking and other post-consolidation treatments have led to a rapid differentiation of polyethylene...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...
The Euler '-function and Carmichael -function are extremely important in modern number theory, and much work has been devoted to studying the distribution and arithmetic properties of the values of each function. One interesting unresolved question...
This thesis explores practical and theoretical aspects of several privacy-providing technologies, including tools for anonymous web-browsing, verifiable electronic voting schemes, and private information retrieval from databases. State-of-art...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Identifying the determinants of reproductive success in small-scale societies is critical for understanding how natural selection has shaped human evolution and behavior. The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as...
This thesis is divided into 2 parts. In the first part of the thesis, we describe a software based approach to speeding up the Magnetic Resonance Imaging modality. In the second part of the thesis, we describe Significance Tree Quantization, which...
Information resources management -- Mathematical models. ; Database management -- Methodology. ; Change. ; World Wide Web.
Many modern information management tasks consist of an observer that must maintain current knowledge of a collection of changing information. The goal of this observer is to maintain acceptably accurate state estimates given limited observation...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
Two localized spectroscopic imaging methods were investigated to detect and discriminate microscopic pathologies at the surface of excised breast tissues in order to improve resection completeness during breast conserving surgery. A scanning in...
For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Ξ n and Δ n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Δ n in Ξ 2 n ....
Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE) has emerged as a noninvasive, quantitative physical examination of the elastic properties of soft biological tissues including breast, liver, prostate, and brain. Implementation of constitutive relations that...