The objective of this thesis was to examine the neural and physiological substrates underlying the processing of aversive information, and how individual differences in anxiety influence these responses. In a series of experiments, we utilized skin...
IL-1β is a potent proinflammatory cytokine produced in response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. While it is appreciated that IL-1β is a critical modulator of the host response to P. aeruginosa infection, the host and bacterial determinants...
Geology -- Guatemala -- Lake Atitlan area; Volcanism -- Guatemala -- Lake Atitlan area; Calderas -- Guatemala -- Lake Atitlan area.
Geological mapping, petrological and geophysical studies in the lake Atitlan area, Guatemala, have revealed four distinct periods of stratovolcano growth, each followed by major silicic eruptions and caldera collapse. The first period (12 - 11 my...
We prove the existence of nontrivial multiparameter isospectral deformations of metrics on the classical compact simple Lie groups SO (n) (n = 9, n ≥11), Spin(n) (n = 9, n ≥11), SU (n) (n ≥7), and Sp (n) (n ≥5). The proof breaks into three...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...
Multimedia systems -- Mathematical models. ; Information storage and retrieval systems. ; Machinery -- Alignment.
This thesis introduces multiple media correlation, a new technology for the automatic alignment of multiple media objects such as text, audio, and video. This research began with the question: what can be learned when multiple multimedia components...
Relativity (Physics). ; Anisotropy -- Mathematical models. ; Einstein field equations. ; Newtonian fluids. ; Astrophysics.
We study the effects of anisotropic pressure on the properties of spherically symmetric, gravitationally bound spheres. We consider the full general-relativistic and Newtonian treatment of this problem and obtain exact solutions for various forms...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
Robots -- Control systems. ; Robots -- Motion. ; Computer algorithms. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
Self-reconfiguring robots are robots composed of many physically connected modules which can change their structural configuration to support multiple functionalities. We claim that self-reconfiguring robots are more versatile, extensible, and...
Despite great progress in object recognition techniques, there is a mismatch between traditional approaches and the characteristics of real world vision tasks. We highlight in particular, three closely related areas of mismatch: i) recognition...
Musical intervals and scales -- Psychological aspects. ; Music -- Psychological aspects. ; Chords (Music) -- Psychological aspects. ; Stability.
In Western tonal music, the major mode is associated with positive emotions, and the minor mode is associated with negative emotions. Although this is a highly salient distinction, it is poorly understood. In 9 experiments, participants made...
Today''s fastest microprocessors, logic chips, and even memory chips employ dynamic logic as the key part to achieving advanced performance. Dynamic logic only retains the correct data state briefly and is far less robust than previous technologies...
In this thesis we review the methods for computation of cosmological correlations in the early universe known as the in-in formalism which are then applied to the problem of magnetogenesis from inflation. For this computation, a power-law single...
Breast -- Cancer -- Tomography. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Imaging. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis. ; Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. ; Image processing -- Digital techniques.
Near-infrared (NIR) light has the potential to be used as a non-invasive means of diagnostic imaging within the human breast. Due to the diffusive nature of light in tissue, computational model-based methods are required for functional imaging...