Si/SiGe quantum dots (QDs) are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (qubits) as a result of the reduced spin-orbit coupling as well as the Si isotopes with zero nuclear spin. Meanwhile qubit readout is a challenge related to...
The main driving force behind the development of computers was the attempt to solve problems that would otherwise require a large amount of time to be solved. Despite the technological development that has made computers ubiquitous in daily lives,...
Successful completion of the cell division cycle is critical for cellular duplication and survival. There are many regulators and checkpoints to ensure the proper cell cycle progression. Disruption of the machinery involved in completion, error...
Successful traversal of the cell division cycle is paramount for maintaining a cell's genomic integrity and fitness. To ensure the faithful replication and segregation of the genome, cellular components, and cytoplasm, eukaryotes have evolved a...
Microbial biofilm formation is thought of as a developmental pathway, whereby cells progress through environmentally regulated and temporally distinct stages during transition from free-swimming lifestyles to members of a structured...
Digital video -- Analysis. Forensic sciences. Image processing -- Digital techniques.
We present new forensic tools that are capable of detecting traces of tampering in digital video without the use of watermarks or specialized hardware. These tools operate under the assumption that video contain naturally occurring properties which...
WC-1 and WC-2 are essential for most light responses in Neurospora crassa, but the molecular mechanisms underlying gene induction and the roles of other real and putative photoreceptors remain poorly characterized. Unsupervised hierarchical...
Casimir effect. Zero-point field. Electric conductivity. Quantum electrodynamics.
The Casimir force arises from an alteration of boundary condition in vacuum and is often regarded as a manifestation of quantum zero point energy. Considerable progress has been made in the last decade with an impressive achievement of experimental...
This thesis presents two-fluid simulations of forced magnetic reconnection with finite electron inertia in two and three dimensional periodic systems. Reconnection in the system is driven by a spatially localized forcing function, added to the ion...
This thesis constitutes the first steps in the author's program to investigate the question of when a homotopy of 2-cocycles Ï‰ = {Ï‰[subscript t]}[subscript tâˆŠ[0,1]] on a locally compact Hausdorff groupoid Æ“ induces an isomorphism of the...
In the nervous system, neuronal communication relies critically on the function of membrane ion channels. One of these is the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC), which is essential for the generation and propagation of action potentials in...
Magneto-spectroscopy is used to characterize the confinement properties of strain-induced quantum wires and dots. The wires and dots are low energy regions in an ordinary GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well that are formed when microscopic...
The objective of this thesis was to examine the neural and physiological substrates underlying the processing of aversive information, and how individual differences in anxiety influence these responses. In a series of experiments, we utilized skin...
Fir waves are spatially and temporally repeating patterns of stand development and destruction in subalpine, balsam fir-dominated forests of the northeastern United States, perpetuated by downwind migration of strips of dying trees, "dieback...
Circadian rhythms. Proteins -- Synthesis -- Effect of light on. Genetic regulation. Neurospora crassa -- Reproduction -- Effect of light on. Neurospora crassa -- Genetics.
To understand how the circadian clock can temporally organize a cell, the biochemical characterization of a clock protein, FRQ, was initiated in Neurospora crassa using immunochemical techniques. FRQ accumulated in constant light to maximum levels...
The eukaryotic flagellum is a complex organelle that uses the force generated by dynein motors to cause beating motion of the flagellum. The central apparatus of eukaryotic flagella has been implicated in the regulation of dynein-driven motility....
The problem of moving rigid bodies efficiently is of particular interest in robotics because the simplest model of a mobile robot or of a manipulated object is often a rigid body. Path planning, controller design and robot design may all benefit...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
The circadian clock of the filamentous fungus, Neurospora crassa, consists of a frequency-white-collar ( frq-wc ) based and transcription-translation-derived oscillator. Negative feedback regulation is essential for the oscillatory process, in...
Boundary integral methods have long been used to solve boundary value problems for elliptic partial differential equations with piecewise constant coefficients, since they have several numerical advantages over conventional volume discretization....