Motivated by quantum mechanics and geometric optics, it is a long-standing problem whether the length spectrum of a compact Riemannian manifold can be recovered from its Laplace spectrum. One route to proving that the length spectrum depends on the...
Gustatory pheromones regulate mating behaviors in Drosophila melanogaster and represent an important model for understanding how sensory stimuli can drive behavior. However, the genes and cells involved in pheromone detection have remained poorly...
Van Allen radiation belts -- Mathematical models. Electrons -- Diffusion -- Mathematical models. Magnetohydrodynamic waves -- Mathematical models.
It is becoming increasingly important to understand the dynamics of radiation belt energetic particles given their potentially hazardous effects on satellites and our ever-increasing dependence on those satellites. There is a need to determine...
Hyperthermia, the elevation of tissue temperature from 42Â°C to 50Â°C, is currently being investigated as an adjunct to radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer. The interstitial microwave antenna array hyperthermia (IMAAH) system is designed...
We expect wireless body-area networks of pervasive wearable devices will enable in situ health monitoring, personal assistance, entertainment personalization, and home automation. As these devices become ubiquitous, we also expect them to...
A variety of forensic methods have been developed to identify falsified photos, each unified by the ability to estimate and detect properties of a photo that are perturbed by forgery. There exist, however, many photos in which the required...
A yearly breast contrast-MR scan is recommended to high-risk women because of MR's high sensitivity to breast tumors. However, breast contrast-MR yields a high number of false positives that lead to expensive and sometimes unnecessary biopsy...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
The problem of moving rigid bodies efficiently is of particular interest in robotics because the simplest model of a mobile robot or of a manipulated object is often a rigid body. Path planning, controller design and robot design may all benefit...
Breast -- Cancer -- Tomography. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Imaging. ; Microwave imaging in medicine. ; Breast -- Electric properties. ; Breast Neoplasms -- diagnosis. ; Diagnostic Imaging -- methods.
Whistler-mode chorus waves have recently drawn tremendous attention as an important mechanism for controlling the energetic electron flux in Earthâ€™s radiation belt. This dissertation aims to answer questions about whistler-mode chorus waves, such...
Magnetic fields at all scales are prevalent in our universe. However, current cosmological models predict that initially the universe was bereft of large-scale fields. Standard magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) does not permit magnetogenesis; in the MHD...
Core binding factor (CBF) is a heterodimeric transcription factor that is essential for a number of developmental process including hemotopoiesis and bone development. CBFs contain a DNA-binding CBFÎ±. subunit and a non-DNA binding CBFÃŸ. subunit...
Abstract (Summary) Chapter One. Platinum-Catalyzed Asymmetric Alkylation of Bis(secondary) Phosphines. Efficient Screening and the Synthesis of an Enantiomerically Pure C 2 -Symmetric Diphosphine . Platinum-catalyzed asymmetric alkylation of...