Arctic soils in the permafrost region store substantially more carbon than is contained in the atmosphere, and are undergoing rapid change associated with anthropogenic climate change. Soil decomposition is an important component of ecosystem...
Oligomers -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Medical Term: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular.
Protein complexes play vital roles in the fundamental processes of life. In particular, homo-oligomers are involved in cell signaling, regulation, and transport. To make detailed studies of these symmetric proteins, they need to be discovered, and...
In the past decade, the use of ordinal patterns in the analysis of time series and dynamical systems has become an important tool. Ordinal patterns (otherwise known as a permutation patterns) are found in time series by taking n data points at...
We present a number of findings concerning groupoid dynamical systems and groupoid crossed products. The primary result is an identification of the spectrum of the groupoid crossed product when the groupoid has continuously varying abelian...
Si/SiGe quantum dots (QDs) are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (qubits) as a result of the reduced spin-orbit coupling as well as the Si isotopes with zero nuclear spin. Meanwhile qubit readout is a challenge related to...
Constructibility (Set theory). Trees (Graph theory).
This thesis investigates possible initial segments of the degrees of constructibility. Specifically, we completely characterize the structure of degrees in generic extensions of the constructible universe L via forcing with Souslin trees. Then we...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
Clinical medicine -- Decision making. ; Medical informatics. ; Patient participation. ; Osteoarthritis -- Treatment. ; Knee -- Diseases -- Treatment. ; Decision Making. ; Decision Support Techniques.
Problem Statement. Effective patients' decision aids (PtDAs) help patients understand clinical information and reduce decisional conflict. PtDAs that also explicitly provide guidance through four """"Deliberative Steps"""" may achieve additional...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Siegel domains. Modular groups. Hecke algebras. Forms
In the 1960s Satake proved the existence of an isomorphism between the local Hecke algebra and the ring of polynomials invariant under the action of the signed permutation group W n (the Weyl group associated to Sp n over a local field)....
The thesis is dedicated to the understanding and characterization of brittle compressive fracture of columnar S2 ice. The work quantifies the strength of fresh-water S2 ice and investigates its characteristic brittle failure modes under biaxial...
The present work examines the cognitive structure of the self-concept. Improving upon established measures of self-complexity (H -statistic), cognitive complexity of the self-concept is measured in terms of the number of self-aspects and the...
Emergency medical response requires timely and efficient assessment and treatment of casualties. Mass casualty situations, in particular, strain the resources of emergency responders, prompting the need for a well-organized, effective, automated...
Identifying and understanding sources of individual variation in fecundity is of central importance to life history theory and population ecology. In this study, I first examined how factors on the breeding grounds in eastern Maryland affected the...
Coding theory. Characters of groups. Error-correcting codes (Information theory). Polynomials.
We introduce vector-valued character theory, a higher dimensional generalization of character theory. We then use vector-valued characters to extend the MacWilliams equivalence theorem for linear codes to a class of additive codes, called...
Problem Statement Patient safety in the modern hospital is supported by multiple human and technological systems, and this type of high-risk/high-complexity domain requires multiple layers of protection against harm. This fault-tolerant approach is...
Forest ecology -- New Hampshire -- Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Lepidoptera -- New Hampshire -- Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Forest insects -- New Hampshire -- Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Insect populations -- New Hampshire --...
One of the principle aims of ecology is to understand variations in organism abundance over time. Some species and species assemblages exhibit exceptionally dynamic changes in abundance or biomass, while other species and species assemblages are...
Proteins -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Recombinant proteins -- Mathematical models. Mathematical optimization -- Data processing. Dynamic programming. Protein engineering.
Site-directed protein recombination produces improved and novel protein variants by recombining sequence fragments from parent proteins. The resulting hybrids accumulate multiple mutations that have been evolutionarily accepted together. Subsequent...
Numerical modeling of the global heliosphere provides key insights into the physics of the outer heliosphere. The solar wind data utilized by these models impacts their accuracy and should be as close as possible to the actual solar wind. Ideally,...
The ionosphere is an important source of plasma in the magnetosphere, especially during geomagnetic storms. While satellite data has confirmed this population of ions, their effect on the dynamics of the magnetosphere-ionosphere (MI) system is not...