DC-to-DC converters -- Design and construction. Electric inductors -- Design and construction. Thin film devices -- Design and construction. Microprocessors -- Power supply. Microfabrication. Transients (Dynamics).
Plants -- Effect of iron on. Iron -- Metabolism -- Molecular aspects. Chloroplasts. Plant mitochondria. Homeostasis. Plant enzymes. Reduction (Chemistry). Iron chelates.
Large scale systems -- Mathematical models. Digital computer simulation. Parallel processing (Electronic computers). Computer algorithms.
Modeling real-world large-scale systems is inherently challenging due to their size and complexity. Detailed simulation of large-scale models requires tremendous amounts of computing power and memory space. Parallel discrete-event simulation...
Microwave spectroscopy. Imaging systems -- Design and construction. Diagnostic imaging -- Digital techniques. Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis. Microwave imaging in medicine.
Microwave spectroscopy has been investigated as a possible modality for breast imaging because of the significant contrast in electrical properties between normal and malignant tissue over the microwave spectrum. A liquid-coupled, non-contacting...
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) is a neurovisceral disease that causes intracellular accumulation of cholesterol and other lipids. The exact mechanism how the defects in cholesterol trafficking pathways result in the progressive neurological damage is...
The thesis is dedicated to the understanding and characterization of brittle compressive fracture of columnar S2 ice. The work quantifies the strength of fresh-water S2 ice and investigates its characteristic brittle failure modes under biaxial...
Core-binding factors (CBFs) are a small family of transcription factors that play important roles in several developmental processes and in human disease. CBFs consist of CBFα (Runx1, Runx2, or Runx3) and CBFβ. The CBFα subunit binds DNA in a...
Medical care -- Decision making. Health attitudes. Prostate -- Cancer -- Treatment -- Decision making. Prostate -- Cancer -- Patients -- Attitudes. Uncertainty. Video recording in medicine.
This dissertation used two studies to evaluate the appropriateness of a theoretical model exploring the relationships between screening/treatment beliefs and intending to be screened or treated for prostate cancer (P-CA). Study One examined...
Metabolic engineering of the catabolic end-product metabolism of Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum was initiated. T. saccharolyticum is an anaerobic, thermophilic bacterium that utilizes xylans and xylose, the second most prominent sugar after...
Coding theory. Characters of groups. Error-correcting codes (Information theory). Polynomials.
We introduce vector-valued character theory, a higher dimensional generalization of character theory. We then use vector-valued characters to extend the MacWilliams equivalence theorem for linear codes to a class of additive codes, called...
Free electron lasers -- Experiments. Wave guides -- Design and construction. Diffraction gratings -- Experiments. Electron beams. Infrared sources.
The far infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum, 15-3000 Œºm in wavelength, has a paucity of narrow band laser sources. To address the issue of whether a grating based free electron laser could operate well as such a source, a grating...
Monocytes and macrophages play a key role in a number of immune functions including inflammation, antigen presentation and the clearance of microorganisms and free hemoglobin. Two surface receptors which are important for these functions are CD163...
Tetrapyrroles -- Synthesis. Tetrapyrroles -- Mechanism of action. Transition metal catalysts.
Previous studies have shown that the mucosal immune system is present in the female reproductive tract and under hormonal control. With the recognition that underlying stromal cells regulate epithelial cell function and hormonal responsiveness,...
The processes by which nonlinear physical systems approach thermal equilibrium is of great importance in many areas of science. Central to this is the mechanism by which energy is transferred between the many degrees of freedom comprising these...
This thesis considers the two special sensor networks for future sensor network design: mobile sensor networks and hybrid network of sensors and robots. To investigate two types of networks, we abstract two most important aspects that are ingrained...
Experimental and theoretical aspects of macroscopic and mesoscopic elastic instability are investigated in this thesis. For the theoretical investigations we utilize a Lagrangian formulation of nonlinear continuum elasticity theory, the novel...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Part I. A photoprecursor for difluorocarbene . The goal of this research was to develop a more practical and efficient photoprecursor for difluorocarbene. The first approach was concerned with the synthesis of 4,4-difluoropyrazoline-3,5-dione ( 5...
Breast -- Magnetic resonance imaging. Breast -- Tomography. Near infrared spectroscopy. Optical tomography. Imaging systems -- Design and construction. Diagnostic imaging -- Mathematical models.
We present results from a modeling effort of simple shock phenomena in the Cygnus Loop and Cassiopeia A. Using multi-epoch MDM observations of a small, isolated cloud in the southwest region of the Cygnus Loop, we measure the velocity of the...
Eddy currents (Electric) -- Mathematical models. Electric generators -- Windings. Finite element method.
Magnetic components, such as transformers and inductors, are essential parts of most power electronics circuits. They usually are the largest components in the circuit, and also account for a large portion of the power loss. Reducing the volume of...
For a long-lived metastable system, the decay of the survival probability is typically exponential. However, deviations are known to exist at short times (the quantum Zeno effect) and at long times (algebraic tails in classical hydrodynamic...
This thesis focuses on the emergence of universal dynamical scaling in quantum critical spin systems driven out of equilibrium, with emphasis on quench dynamics which involves isolated standard critical points, multi-critical points, and...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) facilitates communication between parts of the Internet by determining paths by which data can get from one network to any other. Just as IP is used ubiquitously as an addressing scheme, BGP is used ubiquitously...
Hospitals -- After care -- United States. Medicare beneficiaries -- Hospital care -- Costs. Geriatric orthopedics -- Economic aspects. Health services accessibility -- United States. After care -- supply & distribution -- United States.
Electric inductors -- Design and construction.;""DC-to-DC converters -- Design and construction."";""Thin film devices -- Design and construction."";""Microfabrication."";""Magnetic films."";""Thin films Multilayered."";""Granular...
Currently, the hypothesis that discrete auroral arcs are produced by fluxes of magnetospheric electrons accelerated along the ambient magnetic field into the ionosphere by linear/non-linear mechanisms associated with magnetic field-aligned currents...
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other high-throughput initiatives have led to an information explosion in human genetics and genetic epidemiology, the mapping from genotype to phenotype remains challenging as most of the...
Robustness to genetic perturbations is a fundamental property of all living things. The genetic code is degenerate, RNA secondary structure is robust to sequence changes, and protein structure is robust to amino acid substitutions. Complex systems...
'The control of waves using periodic structures is crucial for modern optical, electromagnetic and acoustic devices such as diffraction gratings, filters, photonic crystals, solar cells, sensors, and absorbers. We present a high-order accurate...
Whistler-mode chorus waves have recently drawn tremendous attention as an important mechanism for controlling the energetic electron flux in Earth’s radiation belt. This dissertation aims to answer questions about whistler-mode chorus waves, such...
Partially ordered sets and permutations are combinatorial structures having vast applications in theoretical computer science. In this thesis, we study various computational and algorithmic problems related to these structures. The first chapter of...