A metric structure on a set gives a concept of distance between any two elements of that set, and it induces a topology. In this thesis, we provide several ways to put a metric structure on the collection of CW complexes. We accomplish this by...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other high-throughput initiatives have led to an information explosion in human genetics and genetic epidemiology, the mapping from genotype to phenotype remains challenging as most of the...
The coordination and coupling of the several steps in mRNA biogenesis helps to ensure proper regulation of gene expression. The DEAD-box helicase Dbp5/Rat8 is an essential mRNA export factor that has also been implicated in other steps of mRNA...
Evolutionary Computation (EC) is one of the most advanced computational techniques. It has been frequently and successfully used to find good solutions to many complicated optimization problems with limited computational resources. EC is the...
Topological graph theory. Aperiodicity. Paths and cycles (Graph theory)
The condition ""every cycle has an entry"" first appeared in the literature in Kumjian, Pask, and Raeburn's paper on Cuntz-Krieger algebras of directed graphs, where it was called Condition (L). It provides a necessary condition for simplicity of...
Magnetosphere -- Mathematical models. Magnetic reconnection -- Mathematical models.
In this thesis we present the results of two studies of magnetic reconnection at the dayside magnetopause using the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry magnetospheric simulation code. The first study examined the global properties of reconnection as a function of...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) facilitates communication between parts of the Internet by determining paths by which data can get from one network to any other. Just as IP is used ubiquitously as an addressing scheme, BGP is used ubiquitously...
This thesis contains material relating to two separate subjects. The first section determines when the C*-algebra affiliated to a directed graph has continuous trace. We use groupoid methods and the focus is on producing conditions on a graph that...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
Wireless communication systems. Computer network protocols.
We evaluate mobility predictors in wireless networks. Handoff prediction in wireless networks has long been considered as a mechanism to improve the quality of service provided to mobile wireless users. Most prior studies, however, were based on...
Robustness to genetic perturbations is a fundamental property of all living things. The genetic code is degenerate, RNA secondary structure is robust to sequence changes, and protein structure is robust to amino acid substitutions. Complex systems...
For many scientific applications, the data set cannot entirely fit in main memory. The data must reside out-of-core, i.e., on parallel disks. For many basic data-movement operations such as permuting, if the programmer does not design efficient...
Robots -- Control systems -- Design and construction. Mobile robots. Robots -- Dynamics.
This thesis examines the issues of vehicle and information dynamics in the control of a multi-robot system using a radial-basis potential function controller. Distributed control of multi-robot systems requires each robot to communicate state...
Computer input-output equipment. ; Computational grids (Computer systems). ; High performance computing. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
High-performance computing increasingly occurs on computational grids composed of heterogeneous and geographically distributed systems of computers, networks, and storage devices that collectively act as a single virtual computer. A key challenge...
Medical imaging methods have become increasingly important in diagnosing diseases and assisting therapeutic treatment. In particular, early detection of breast cancer is considered as a critical factor in reducing the mortality rate of women....
Solar (Computer architecture). ; Ubiquitous computing. Sensor networks. ; Detectors. ; User interfaces (Computer systems).
The complexity of developing context-aware pervasive-computing applications calls for distributed software infrastructures that assist applications to collect, aggregate, and disseminate contextual data. In this dissertation, we present a Context...
Wireless communication systems. Computer networks. Routers (Computer networks).
A mesh network is a network of wireless routers that employ multi-hop routing and can be used to provide network access for mobile clients. Mobile mesh networks can be deployed rapidly to provide an alternate communication infrastructure for...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Protein secretion is executed by the secretory pathway, which involves the delivery of membrane and soluble secretory proteins in vesicle intermediates that capture newly-synthesized proteins assembled in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and then...
How the genome is shaped directly influences how it is expressed. In fact, the genome is organized at many different levels, each imparting specific regulation over transcription. Fundamental principles regulating genome organization are poorly...
In a variety of applications spanning mobile devices, performance computing, and even renewable energy and automotive, power management and power delivery are an increasing bottleneck in reducing size and cost, improving reliability, and even...
I. (3 + 2) Cycloaddition Reactions of Oxyallyl Cationic Intermediates with Indoles Cyclopenta- and cyclohexa[b]indolines are ubiquitous molecular skeletons in natural products and pharmaceutical agents. We have developed (3 + 2) cycloaddition...
Partially ordered sets and permutations are combinatorial structures having vast applications in theoretical computer science. In this thesis, we study various computational and algorithmic problems related to these structures. The first chapter of...
Modern distributed systems scatter sensors, storage, and computation throughout the environment. Ideally these devices communicate and share resources, but there is seldom motivation for a device''s owner to yield control to another user. We...
Van Allen radiation belts -- Mathematical models. ; Magnetosphere -- Mathematical models. ; Magnetohydrodynamics -- Mathematical models.
The physics of geomagnetically-trapped radiation has been a topic of interest since the discovery of the Van Allen belts in 1958. As the energetic particles comprising these belts can pose a hazard to human activity in space, considerable effort...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
DC-to-DC converters -- Design and construction. Electric inductors -- Design and construction. Thin film devices -- Design and construction. Microprocessors -- Power supply. Microfabrication. Transients (Dynamics).
In large and complex networks such as the Internet and road networks, traffic routing is typically decentralized. Users in the network choose their routes independently to minimize their own delay, leading to complicated and nonintuitive outcomes...
Robots -- Control systems. ; Robots -- Motion. ; Computer algorithms. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
Self-reconfiguring robots are robots composed of many physically connected modules which can change their structural configuration to support multiple functionalities. We claim that self-reconfiguring robots are more versatile, extensible, and...
Gyrinophilus -- Ecology. ; Gyrinophilus -- Geographical distribution -- Northeastern States. ; Freshwater ecology -- Northeastern States. ; Amphibian populations -- Northeastern States.
I investigated controls on the distribution and abundance of the salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus (Plethodontidae) acting at multiple spatial scales: individual first-order streams, headwater drainages comprised of multiple streams, and the...
Sensor networks are used in many realtime applications for collecting information from monitored environments and objects, such as moving vehicle tracking, battlefield reconnaissance, and habitat monitoring. Sensor networks are often deployed in...