Quantitative Risk Analysis of Computer Networks (QSRA) addresses the problem of risk opacity of software in networks. It allows risk managers to get a detailed and comprehensive snapshot of the constitutive software on the network, assess its risk...
Robots -- Control systems -- Design and construction. Mobile robots. Robots -- Dynamics.
This thesis examines the issues of vehicle and information dynamics in the control of a multi-robot system using a radial-basis potential function controller. Distributed control of multi-robot systems requires each robot to communicate state...
For many scientific applications, the data set cannot entirely fit in main memory. The data must reside out-of-core, i.e., on parallel disks. For many basic data-movement operations such as permuting, if the programmer does not design efficient...
Sensor networks are used in many realtime applications for collecting information from monitored environments and objects, such as moving vehicle tracking, battlefield reconnaissance, and habitat monitoring. Sensor networks are often deployed in...
NAD (Coenzyme) -- Metabolism. Nicotinamide -- Mechanism of action. Genetic regulation. Nicotinamide-beta-riboside.
NAD+ is an essential co-enzyme for hydride transfer enzymes and a consumed substrate of multiple signaling enzymes including the sirtuins, a family of protein lysine deacetylases shown to regulate longevity in a wide array of organisms. We have...
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. The discovery of breast tumor subtypes and the subsequent development of treatments aimed at them has allowed a reduction in the mortality of breast cancer. However, tumors with similar...
This thesis constitutes the first steps in the author's program to investigate the question of when a homotopy of 2-cocycles ω = {ω[subscript t]}[subscript t∊[0,1]] on a locally compact Hausdorff groupoid Ɠ induces an isomorphism of the...
Computer input-output equipment. ; Computational grids (Computer systems). ; High performance computing. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
High-performance computing increasingly occurs on computational grids composed of heterogeneous and geographically distributed systems of computers, networks, and storage devices that collectively act as a single virtual computer. A key challenge...
We present a number of findings concerning groupoid dynamical systems and groupoid crossed products. The primary result is an identification of the spectrum of the groupoid crossed product when the groupoid has continuously varying abelian...
This thesis contains some results concerning groupoid dynamical systems and crossed products. We introduce the notion of a proper groupoid dynamical system and of its generalized fixed point algebra. We show that our notion of proper groupoid...
Topological graph theory. Aperiodicity. Paths and cycles (Graph theory)
The condition ""every cycle has an entry"" first appeared in the literature in Kumjian, Pask, and Raeburn's paper on Cuntz-Krieger algebras of directed graphs, where it was called Condition (L). It provides a necessary condition for simplicity of...
Manifolds (Mathematics) Geodesics (Mathematics) Space and time.
We investigate weak and strong refocusing of light rays in a space-time and related concepts. A strongly causal space-time ( X^ n +1 , g ) is emphstrongly refocusing at x ∈ X if there is a point y ≠ x such that all null-geodesics through y pass...
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is an important tool for understanding neural mechanisms underlying human brain function. Most fMRI studies use limited sets of well-controlled stimuli to understand neural systems in isolation. The...
Strong evidence exists showing that stellar evolution models are unable to accurately predict the fundamental properties of low-mass stars. Observations of low-mass stars in detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) indicate that stellar models...
The focus of this thesis is the study of nuclearity and exactness for groupoid crossed product C*-algebras. In particular, we present generalizations of two well-known facts from group dynamical systems and crossed products to the groupoid setting....
A double-acceleration stage linear time of flight mass spectrometer (TOF MS) with Nd/YAG laser ablation cluster source was designed and constructed for cluster production, study and deposition. Cumulenic polycarbons SC n S ( n = 2-27) were...
We prove the existence of nontrivial multiparameter isospectral deformations of metrics on the classical compact simple Lie groups SO (n) (n = 9, n ≥11), Spin(n) (n = 9, n ≥11), SU (n) (n ≥7), and Sp (n) (n ≥5). The proof breaks into three...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum forms a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with soybean. Signaling events, such as production of flavonoids and Nod factor, initiate the interaction, leading to formation of specialized root organs called nodules. A B. japonicum...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
In this thesis we study 1=k-geodesics, those closed geodesics that minimize on any subinterval of length L=k, where L is the length of the geodesic. These curves arise as critical points of the uniform energy, a function introduced in Morse theory...
For ordinary knots in R 3 , there are no degree one Vassiliev invariants. For virtual knots, however, the space of degree one Vassiliev invariants is infinite dimensional. We introduce a sequence of three degree one Vassiliev invariants of virtual...
There are no Vassiliev invariants of degree one for classical knots. A. Henrich proved the existence of a sequence of three Vassiliev invariants of degree one for virtual knots. The invariants get stronger and stronger, and the final invariant is...
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an immunoregulatory cytokine whose biological effects are mediated through interaction with specific receptors (IL-2R) on the surface of target cells. Due to its presumed role in generating a normal immune response, IL-2 is...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
The Arabidopsis catalase gene family contains at least three genes, encoding subunits which combine in tetramers to form 7 detectable isozymes. Two of these genes are within 250 bp of each other at a single locus (CAT3/1) near the top of chromosome...
Arabidopsis -- Effect of metals on. ; Zinc -- Physiological transport. ; Iron -- Physiological transport. ; Plants -- Effect of iron on. ; Plants -- Effect of zinc on.
Iron and zinc deficiency commonly limit plant growth and crop yields. Furthermore, deficiencies in both of these micronutrients are common throughout the world, particularly in developing countries where people may only consume simple diets...
Prion diseases are infectious neurodegenerative disorders characterized by a conformational change of the host-encoded prion protein. The normal nonpathogenic isoform of the prion protein (PrPc) is primarily composed of α-helices and very low...
Problem Statement Patient safety in the modern hospital is supported by multiple human and technological systems, and this type of high-risk/high-complexity domain requires multiple layers of protection against harm. This fault-tolerant approach is...
For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Ξ n and Δ n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Δ n in Ξ 2 n ....
Microbial biofilm formation is thought of as a developmental pathway, whereby cells progress through environmentally regulated and temporally distinct stages during transition from free-swimming lifestyles to members of a structured...