In large and complex networks such as the Internet and road networks, traffic routing is typically decentralized. Users in the network choose their routes independently to minimize their own delay, leading to complicated and nonintuitive outcomes...
Many intracellular transport events are mediated by vesicles that bud from donor membranes and then fuse with acceptor membranes. The transport of secretory proteins between the ER and Golgi compartments of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has...
Transition metals play critical roles in biological systems as essential components of metalloproteins and metalloenzymes, as diagnostic probes and pharmaceuticals, and in some instances, as sources of toxicity. Cellular concentrations vary...
Safety in transportation systems is a global concern with millions of road accidents happening worldwide every year. Despite sophisticated advancement in automotive design and accident serverity reduction technologies, traffic fatalities continue...
Plasma instabilities. ; Ionospheric electron density. ; Ionosphere.
As a result of an unstable plasma stratification the nighttime equatorial ionosphere is subject to a variety of plasma instabilities known commonly as equatorial spread-F. In its fully developed form spread-F consists of large wedges of depleted...
Digital cinematography. ; Cinematography -- Lighting -- Data processing -- Evaluation. ; Cinematography -- Special effects -- Data processing -- Evaluation. ; User interfaces (Computer systems) -- Evaluation.
We define appearance design as the creation and editing of scene content such as lighting and surface materials in computer graphics. The appearance design process takes a significant amount of time relative to other production tasks and poses...
We study motion planning problems, finding trajectories that connect two configurations of a system, from two different perspectives: optimality and survivability. For the problem of finding optimal trajectories, we provide a model in which the...
We begin with a presentation of the current state of Poljak and Turzik's conjecture that a matroid is sticky if and only if it is modular as described in [5] and [1]. We show that all graphic, cographic, and regular matroids must satisfy the...
Multimedia systems -- Mathematical models. ; Information storage and retrieval systems. ; Machinery -- Alignment.
This thesis introduces multiple media correlation, a new technology for the automatic alignment of multiple media objects such as text, audio, and video. This research began with the question: what can be learned when multiple multimedia components...
In this thesis, the dynamics of long-lived, time-dependent, coherent field configurations, known as oscillons, are investigated in the presence of an expanding background. In a (1+1)-dimensional expanding spacetime, scalar-field oscillon lifetimes...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
Magnetoencephalography -- Technique.; Magnetic susceptibility.
The measurement of human brain function is the goal of many noninvasive medical imaging modalities. Two sources of physiological contrast are commonly targeted to achieve this goal. The most direct approach to measuring neuronal activity is with...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Despite great progress in object recognition techniques, there is a mismatch between traditional approaches and the characteristics of real world vision tasks. We highlight in particular, three closely related areas of mismatch: i) recognition...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) that manages inter-domain routing on the Internet lacks security. Protective measures using public key cryptography introduce complexities and costs. To support authentication and other security functionality in...
The Euler '-function and Carmichael -function are extremely important in modern number theory, and much work has been devoted to studying the distribution and arithmetic properties of the values of each function. One interesting unresolved question...
This thesis explores practical and theoretical aspects of several privacy-providing technologies, including tools for anonymous web-browsing, verifiable electronic voting schemes, and private information retrieval from databases. State-of-art...
In utero exposure to maternal malnutrition is associated with increase offspring susceptibility to cardiometabolic and neuropsychiatric disease. Epigenetic mechanisms mediate, at least in part, fetal adaptations to adverse in utero environments...
Glutamic acid -- Receptors. Ion channels -- Molecular aspects. Ligand binding (Biochemistry).
Medical Term: Glutamates.
AMPA receptors are glutamate-gated ion channels that mediate most of the excitatory synaptic signals in the central nervous system. They form tetrameric assemblies that are combinations of the subunits GluR1-4, each of which contains a...
The auroral zone is a rich source of natural radio emissions that can be observed in space and at ground-level. By studying these waves, scientists can gain insight into the plasma processes that generate them and use the near-Earth space...
Strong evidence exists showing that stellar evolution models are unable to accurately predict the fundamental properties of low-mass stars. Observations of low-mass stars in detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) indicate that stellar models...
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other high-throughput initiatives have led to an information explosion in human genetics and genetic epidemiology, the mapping from genotype to phenotype remains challenging as most of the...