Three-dimensional imaging in medicine -- Mathematical models. ; Stereoencephalotomy.
In the past, clinicians skilled at image-guided neurosurgery have relied solely on pre-operative scans for their navigational information. Often in the course of surgery, tissue is purposely retracted/resected or inadvertently moved resulting in a...
An interval order is an ordered set whose elements are in correspondence with a collection of intervals in a linearly ordered set, with disjoint intervals ordered by their relative position. The order complex of an ordered set is the simplicial...
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular pathogen that is able to survive in a range of hosts due to its repertoire of secreted effector proteins. Utilizing the type I and type II Δku80 strains we engineered a collection of targeted knockout...
Multimodality imaging is becoming the standard of care for research and clinical studies. Such an approach is able to provide complementary information which can detect and characterize tumors. Advancing instrumentation for diffuse near-infrared...
The lateral hypothalamus is a brain region involved in the regulation of feeding, glucose homeostasis, sleep/wake cycle, and autonomic nervous system (ANS). Melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) containing neurons, located in the lateral...
Optical tomography. ; Near infrared spectroscopy. ; Image analysis -- Mathematical models. ; Imaging systems -- Image quality -- Mathematical models. ; Image reconstruction -- Mathematical models. ; Least squares. Breast -- Tomography.
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has the potential to become a non-invasive and non-ionizing diagnostic imaging technique for breast cancer imaging. DOT uses near-infrared (NIR) light to illuminate the breast, generally through the use of fiber...
Eddy currents (Electric) -- Mathematical models. Electric generators -- Windings. Finite element method.
Magnetic components, such as transformers and inductors, are essential parts of most power electronics circuits. They usually are the largest components in the circuit, and also account for a large portion of the power loss. Reducing the volume of...
Despite being cloned over twenty years ago, many regulatory mechanisms of the β-globin genes have yet to be fully elucidated. The regulation of the β-globin locus in erythroid cells requires chromatin structural changes before the genes can be...
The purpose of this thesis is to describe methods for detecting hidden crevasses on glaciers in Polar regions. Crevasses form in ice sheets as a result of forces imposed upon the brittle ice. The crevasses are hidden from view by bridges of soft...
In this thesis, the dynamics of long-lived, time-dependent, coherent field configurations, known as oscillons, are investigated in the presence of an expanding background. In a (1+1)-dimensional expanding spacetime, scalar-field oscillon lifetimes...
Computer security has come a long way since the days of the first Internet worm. With the spreading and commercialization of the Internet, the stakes have gotten higher. Viruses existed and spread before most computers were online, but as global...
Neonatal infections -- Prevention. Nosocomial infections -- Prevention. Neonatal intensive care -- Social aspects. Neonatal intensive care -- Psychological aspects.
Statement of the problem. Nosocomial bloodstream infections (NBSIs) are a significant source of morbidity and mortality for the very low birth weight babies (VLBW) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Efforts to reduce the rates of infection...
Opinion dynamics is a complex procedure that entails a cognitive process when it deals with how a person integrates influential opinions to form revised opinion. Early research on opinion formation and social influence can be traced back to the...
This thesis investigates the embedding theory of orders in central simple algebras, placing a particular emphasis on the role that the phenomenon known as selectivity plays in the theory. Although the notion of selectivity is completely algebraic,...
During our fieldwork with real-world organizations---including those in Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), network configuration management, and the electrical power grid---we repeatedly noticed that security policies and related security artifacts...
RNA binding proteins are fundamental components of crucial biological processes in all domains of life. The development of techniques to study RNA binding protein complexes is, therefore, broadly impactful. I employed multiple genome-wide...
Microwave spectroscopy. Imaging systems -- Design and construction. Diagnostic imaging -- Digital techniques. Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis. Microwave imaging in medicine.
Microwave spectroscopy has been investigated as a possible modality for breast imaging because of the significant contrast in electrical properties between normal and malignant tissue over the microwave spectrum. A liquid-coupled, non-contacting...
Relativity (Physics). ; Anisotropy -- Mathematical models. ; Einstein field equations. ; Newtonian fluids. ; Astrophysics.
We study the effects of anisotropic pressure on the properties of spherically symmetric, gravitationally bound spheres. We consider the full general-relativistic and Newtonian treatment of this problem and obtain exact solutions for various forms...
Bioinorganic chemistry, a discipline that bridges chemistry and biology, has become increasingly popular as new techniques and analytical methods have emerged to study metals in biological systems. One such technique that has become increasingly...
Magnetic resonance imaging. ; Nuclear magnetic resonance.
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides unique contrast reflecting the translational motion of water in its microscopic environment. This imaging modality has been shown to highlight infarcted regions within minutes after an...
Exogenous enzymes, signaling peptides, and other classes of non-human proteins represent a potentially massive but largely untapped pool of biotherapeutic agents. From a practical perspective, however, the use of foreign proteins as novel...
The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
Recent technological advances have fostered the emergence of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which consist of tiny, wireless, battery-powered nodes that are expected to revolutionize the ways in which we understand and construct complex physical...
'Orthogonal modular forms are algebraic modular forms arising from lattices in quadratic spaces. In this thesis, we define orthogonal modular forms, establish their basic properties, and then apply them to a case of ternary quadratic spaces to...
Prostate cancer (PCa) recurrences are often predicted by assessing the status of surgical margins (SM) – positive surgical margins (PSM) increase the chances of biochemical recurrence by 2-4 times which may lead to PCa recurrence. At present,...
Siegel domains. Modular groups. Hecke algebras. Forms
In the 1960s Satake proved the existence of an isomorphism between the local Hecke algebra and the ring of polynomials invariant under the action of the signed permutation group W n (the Weyl group associated to Sp n over a local field)....
Friction severely limits performance in precise positioning systems. This thesis investigates one possible approach to counter friction related performance losses, friction cancellation. In this method a friction observer is used to estimate...
For a local field K, we study the affine buildings Ξ n and Δ n naturally associated to SL n ( K ) and Sp n ( K ), respectively. Since Sp n ( K ) is a subgroup of SL 2 n ( K ), we investigate properties of a natural embedding of Δ n in Ξ 2 n ....
Investigations into alternative breast cancer (BC) imaging techniques have become increasingly popular based on the limitations of traditional imaging modalities: X-ray mammography uses ionizing radiation, has limited intrinsic contrast and is...
The goal of this work was to improve the computational tools for near-infrared light modeling for clinical applications in photodynamic therapy (PDT) analysis and eventual treatment planning. The tools to facilitate this modeling were developed in...
A series of conformationally restricted bis(9-amino-acridine) derivatives were designed, synthesized, and then evaluated for their chemical and biological behavior. The novel compounds were prepared by treating selected diamines with a...