For a long-lived metastable system, the decay of the survival probability is typically exponential. However, deviations are known to exist at short times (the quantum Zeno effect) and at long times (algebraic tails in classical hydrodynamic...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Results from a new apparatus that records high resolution FTIR spectra in parahydrogen under 3 K are reported. A modified two-stage closed cycle refrigeration system cools a novel chamber into which gaseous helium can be condensed. The sample...
Identifying the determinants of reproductive success in small-scale societies is critical for understanding how natural selection has shaped human evolution and behavior. The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as...
In this thesis I present analyses of optical and X-ray data of early-type galaxies in nearby rich clusters as part of the NOAO Fundamental Plane Survey. Spectroscopic parameters, including linestrengths and velocity dispersions are measured for...
In large and complex networks such as the Internet and road networks, traffic routing is typically decentralized. Users in the network choose their routes independently to minimize their own delay, leading to complicated and nonintuitive outcomes...
Eddy currents (Electric) -- Mathematical models. Electric generators -- Windings. Finite element method.
Magnetic components, such as transformers and inductors, are essential parts of most power electronics circuits. They usually are the largest components in the circuit, and also account for a large portion of the power loss. Reducing the volume of...
Oligomers -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Medical Term: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular.
Protein complexes play vital roles in the fundamental processes of life. In particular, homo-oligomers are involved in cell signaling, regulation, and transport. To make detailed studies of these symmetric proteins, they need to be discovered, and...
Medical School Cases Dr. Frost's hand. ; Elephantiasis Arabum, The following ? is an abridgement of our article published with wood cut ? the above subject by myself our page 119 vol LX 1870 of the Am. Jour. Medical Sciences. Mrs. J.G. Widow art 50...
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and other high-throughput initiatives have led to an information explosion in human genetics and genetic epidemiology, the mapping from genotype to phenotype remains challenging as most of the...
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are the cells that can give rise to all different lineages of differentiated/mature blood cells. HSCs are capable of self-renewal and maintaining the homeostasis of differentiated cells for specific functions. The...
Medical imaging methods have become increasingly important in diagnosing diseases and assisting therapeutic treatment. In particular, early detection of breast cancer is considered as a critical factor in reducing the mortality rate of women....
The new APM South Equatorial Strip Catalog $({-}17\sp\circ.5<\delta<2\sp\circ.5)$ is used to select a sample of early-type galaxies in three directions: (1) 15h10-16h10; (2) 20h30-21h50; (3) 00h10-01h30. The distances and peculiar motions of...
The proliferation of mobile devices and other consumer products has greatly expanded the market for CMOS image sensors. This in turn has promoted a trend of continued improvement in image sensor performance, as companies seek to gain an advantage...
Two-phase flow -- Mathematical models. ; Gas dynamics -- Mathematical models. ; Kinetic theory of gases.
The kinetic theory based gas-dynamical computational method, due to (Prendergast and Xu, 1993: Xu and Prendergast, 1994) is generalized to two-phase flow computations. The Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook kinetic model is generalized to the case of two...
Faithful chromosome segregation is vital for cell and organism viability, but is lost in many cancer cells with aneuploid karyotypes that display chromosomal instability (CIN). In normal cells, correct chromosome segragation is ensured through two...
Trophies; Dartmouth First Intercollegiate Trophies; solid silver cups won by E. C. Stimson '76 at Saratoga New York, July 21, 1876; he was first in the three mile intercollegiate run and also in the mile; photo by White Studio
Brain tissue mechanics are an important biomarker for neurological disorders, yet methods to obtain tissue information yield inconsistent conclusions. These techniques can be invasive or require excised tissue, where tissue function is altered from...
The purpose of this thesis is to describe methods for detecting hidden crevasses on glaciers in Polar regions. Crevasses form in ice sheets as a result of forces imposed upon the brittle ice. The crevasses are hidden from view by bridges of soft...