The confluence of patient, provider, and system level factors contributes to excess mortality due to preventable medical conditions among people with serious mental illness (SMI) compared to the general population. Study one explored how...
This dissertation details the use of a new catalog of Galactic bulge field RR Lyrae variables to advance the understanding of the structure of the Milky Way Galaxy. The catalog contains 3667 RR0 Lyrae stars from the eight-year MACHO Project...
Eddy currents (Electric) -- Mathematical models. Electric generators -- Windings. Finite element method.
Magnetic components, such as transformers and inductors, are essential parts of most power electronics circuits. They usually are the largest components in the circuit, and also account for a large portion of the power loss. Reducing the volume of...
Polynomials. Finite fields (Algebra). Algebraic functions. Number theory.
The ring of univariate polynomials over a finite field shares many foundational arithmetic properties with the ring of rational integers. This similarity makes it possible for many problems in elementary number theory to be translated 'through the...
Biofilm formation is a complex process culminating in a multicellular microbial structure encased in an extracellular matrix. In order for planktonic cells to initiate and proceed through biofilm formation, they must appropriately regulate a number...
Fluorine forms the strongest single bond to carbon, however, it is well established that transition metals can lengthen and weaken C-F bonds in fluorinated ligands. Described here are studies on the activation of C-F bonds in iridium compounds...
The coordination and coupling of the several steps in mRNA biogenesis helps to ensure proper regulation of gene expression. The DEAD-box helicase Dbp5/Rat8 is an essential mRNA export factor that has also been implicated in other steps of mRNA...
Medical care -- Decision making. Health attitudes. Prostate -- Cancer -- Treatment -- Decision making. Prostate -- Cancer -- Patients -- Attitudes. Uncertainty. Video recording in medicine.
This dissertation used two studies to evaluate the appropriateness of a theoretical model exploring the relationships between screening/treatment beliefs and intending to be screened or treated for prostate cancer (P-CA). Study One examined...
Cellulolytic microorganisms hold promise for industrially applied microbial cellulose utilization in the generation biofuels from renewable resources. Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), a one-step process combining cellulase production, cellulose...
Siegel domains. Modular groups. Hecke algebras. Forms
In the 1960s Satake proved the existence of an isomorphism between the local Hecke algebra and the ring of polynomials invariant under the action of the signed permutation group W n (the Weyl group associated to Sp n over a local field)....
Part I. A photoprecursor for difluorocarbene . The goal of this research was to develop a more practical and efficient photoprecursor for difluorocarbene. The first approach was concerned with the synthesis of 4,4-difluoropyrazoline-3,5-dione ( 5...
Forest ecology -- New Hampshire -- Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Lepidoptera -- New Hampshire -- Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Forest insects -- New Hampshire -- Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Insect populations -- New Hampshire --...
One of the principle aims of ecology is to understand variations in organism abundance over time. Some species and species assemblages exhibit exceptionally dynamic changes in abundance or biomass, while other species and species assemblages are...
Si/SiGe quantum dots (QDs) are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (qubits) as a result of the reduced spin-orbit coupling as well as the Si isotopes with zero nuclear spin. Meanwhile qubit readout is a challenge related to...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
Predictive control. Adaptive control systems -- Design. Airplanes -- Control systems.
A direct method to design data-based model predictive controllers is presented. The design method uses system identification techniques to identify model predictive controller gains directly from a set of excitation input and disturbance corrupted...
Patients -- Decision making. Patients -- Attitudes. Motivation (Psychology) -- Social aspects. Preferences (Philosophy) Medical care -- Evaluation. Medical care -- Research -- Methodology. Medical care -- Decision making.
Statement of Problem
Characterizing the public's preferential attitudes towards relatively more-/less-intense elective options in ""preference-sensitive"" health care situations is particularly relevant for the prioritization policies of...
Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a technique to produce images of the mechanical properties of tissue, which are indicative of a variety of diseases. Tissue motions measured using MRI are used to solve an inverse problem to recover...
The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
The furanosteroids are an important class of natural products that have been found to effectively inhibit various biologically important enzymes. These enzymes include the phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) family and the polo-like kinase (PLK1)...
Manifolds (Mathematics) Geodesics (Mathematics) Space and time.
We investigate weak and strong refocusing of light rays in a space-time and related concepts. A strongly causal space-time ( X^ n +1 , g ) is emphstrongly refocusing at x âˆˆ X if there is a point y â‰ x such that all null-geodesics through y pass...
This project focuses on the development of research tools and methods that are used to study the relationship between neural activity and subsequent hemodynamic responses in the human brain. This relationship, referred to as neurovascular coupling,...
Mutualisms may facilitate coupled population expansion or decline if changes in either partner species lead to similar changes in the other species. However, few studies have measured how both species in a mutualism respond to changes in each...
This thesis investigates the embedding theory of orders in central simple algebras, placing a particular emphasis on the role that the phenomenon known as selectivity plays in the theory. Although the notion of selectivity is completely algebraic,...
The goal of this work was to improve the computational tools for near-infrared light modeling for clinical applications in photodynamic therapy (PDT) analysis and eventual treatment planning. The tools to facilitate this modeling were developed in...
Radio relics are extended regions of synchrotron radio emission that have been found in the outskirts of a few dozen galaxy clusters. Relics are often associated with clusters undergoing merger activity. They are not associated optically with a...
In Chapter 2 we look at the distribution of permutation statistics in the context of pattern-avoiding permutations. The first part of this chapter deals with a recursively defined bijection of Robertson [37] between 123- and 132-avoiding...
An efficient synthetic approach to both 2-acyl-1-(substituted)indoles and 2-nitro-1-(substituted)indoles by reaction of 2-lithio-1-(substituted)indoles with appropriate electrophiles is presented. Inverse quenching of 2-lithioindoles 5 and 208 with...
The thermodynamic properties of pure polymers and polymer mixtures have been investigated using the so-called Born-Green-Yvon (BGY) lattice theory. Previous results applied pure component pressure-volume-temperature ( PVT ) data in order to...
In this work we investigate the quantum dynamics of three different configurations of nonlinear cavity systems. We begin by carrying out a quantum analysis of a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) mechanical displacement detector...
Bioinorganic chemistry, a discipline that bridges chemistry and biology, has become increasingly popular as new techniques and analytical methods have emerged to study metals in biological systems. One such technique that has become increasingly...
Modifiable Factor Relationships with Biopsychosocial Disability in Multiple Sclerosis
Brant J. Oliver
Problem Statement: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system and is among the most common neurological...
We study the bijective combinatorics of reduced words. These are fundamental objects in the study of Coxeter groups. We restrict our focus to reduced words of permutations and signed permutations. Our results can all be situated within the context...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...