The goal of this work was to improve the computational tools for near-infrared light modeling for clinical applications in photodynamic therapy (PDT) analysis and eventual treatment planning. The tools to facilitate this modeling were developed in...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...
Riemannian manifolds. Singularities (Mathematics). Laplacian operator. Spectral theory (Mathematics). Riemann surfaces. Curves on surfaces. Geometry
Historically, inverse spectral theory has been concerned with the relationship between the geometry and the spectrum of compact Riemannian manifolds, where spectrum means the eigenvalue spectrum of the Laplace operator as it acts on smooth...
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are recently discovered family of genes with short non-coding RNA transcripts of 18 to 25 nucleotides in length. lin-4 and let-7 , the founding members of the miRNA gene family, control the timing of developmental programs in the...
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2E1 is considered the sole CYP responsible for APAP bioactivation leading to hepatotoxicity. CYP2E1 is also considered the alcohol-inducible CYP and therefore, the sole CYP responsible for alcohol-mediated increases in APAP...
Accurate segregation of meiotic chromosomes requires that sister-chromatids remain physically associated from the time of their synthesis during S phase until they segregate toward opposite poles at anaphase II. In Drosophila melanogaster meiosis,...
Goldman and Turaev constructed a Lie bialgebra structure on the free Z-module generated by free homotopy classes of loops on an oriented surface. Turaev conjectured that the cobracket of A is zero if and only if A is a power of a simple class. Chas...
Fluorescence molecular imaging will have an important clinical impact in the area of guided oncology surgery, where emerging technologies are poised to provide the surgeon with real-time molecular information to guide resection, using targeted...
In utero exposure to maternal malnutrition is associated with increase offspring susceptibility to cardiometabolic and neuropsychiatric disease. Epigenetic mechanisms mediate, at least in part, fetal adaptations to adverse in utero environments...
In order to most effectively investigate protein structure and improve protein function, it is necessary to carefully plan appropriate experiments. The combinatorial number of possible experiment plans demands effective criteria and efficient...
Phospholipase C -- Mechanism of action. Retinal degeneration -- Pathophysiology. Retinal degeneration -- Genetic aspects. Endocytosis. Rhodopsin. Cellular signal transduction. Light -- Physiological effect. Arrestin. Clathrin. Adaptor Proteins
Mutations in the Drosophila retinal-specific Phospholipase C (NORPA) cause massive retinal degeneration within five days of constant light exposure. We have previously shown that in norpA mutants persistent complexes between the light receptor...
Metal ions. Binding sites (Biochemistry) -- Thermodynamics. Metalloenzymes. Cellular control mechanisms. Thermometric titration. Calorimetry.
The chemistry of biology is complex and there is a great deal that is not understood. A fundamental understanding of biochemical reactions is important to aid in the identification of undiscovered reactions and is critical to fully appreciate the...
Order picking systems -- Automation -- Computer simulation.
This research ventures into areas beyond traditional control frameworks in its focus. It integrates holonic concepts into a hierarchical control framework of a complex automated order fulfillment technology. Simulation of an actual full-scale order...
The mucosal immune system of the female reproductive tract (FRT) balances the dual functions of protection against invading pathogens and adaptation of the endometrial environment for successful fertilization and implantation. Growth factors are...
Prior to biological conversion of lignocellulosic biomass, natural barriers to efficient enzymatic hydrolysis must be overcome, and a few pretreatment technologies effectively accomplish this job with chemicals. Although several factors are...
Topological graph theory. Aperiodicity. Paths and cycles (Graph theory)
The condition ""every cycle has an entry"" first appeared in the literature in Kumjian, Pask, and Raeburn's paper on Cuntz-Krieger algebras of directed graphs, where it was called Condition (L). It provides a necessary condition for simplicity of...
The inappropriate expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) contributes to the pathology of many cancers. Among these, melanoma is a particularly insidious disease in that it is almost completely resistant to every known the therapy, and the...
A polynomial is a product of distinct cyclotomic polynomials if and only if it is a divisor over [Special characters omitted.] [x ] of xn - 1 for some positive integer n. In this thesis, we will examine two natural questions concerning the divisors...
Chronic infection of the human airway by mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa is cited as the leading cause of death among Cystic Fibrosis patients. The persistent nature of these infections is linked to P. aeruginosa's ability to form protective biofilm...
Purple sulfur bacteria (PSB) can dominate the nitrogen, carbon, and sulfur cycles in anoxic ecosystems via their anoxygenic photosynthetic metabolisms and are the only producers of the carotenoid, okenone, a biomarker targeted for photic zone...
Constructibility (Set theory). Trees (Graph theory).
This thesis investigates possible initial segments of the degrees of constructibility. Specifically, we completely characterize the structure of degrees in generic extensions of the constructible universe L via forcing with Souslin trees. Then we...
Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) remains the most common bearing material for total joint arthroplasty. Advances in radiation cross-linking and other post-consolidation treatments have led to a rapid differentiation of polyethylene...
Wireless communication systems. Computer network protocols.
We evaluate mobility predictors in wireless networks. Handoff prediction in wireless networks has long been considered as a mechanism to improve the quality of service provided to mobile wireless users. Most prior studies, however, were based on...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...
Robustness to genetic perturbations is a fundamental property of all living things. The genetic code is degenerate, RNA secondary structure is robust to sequence changes, and protein structure is robust to amino acid substitutions. Complex systems...