This thesis explores practical and theoretical aspects of several privacy-providing technologies, including tools for anonymous web-browsing, verifiable electronic voting schemes, and private information retrieval from databases. State-of-art...
APETALA3 ( AP3 ) and PISTILLATA ( PI ) are floral organ identity genes that are necessary and sufficient for petal and stamen development. Surprisingly little is known about molecular mechanisms by which AP3 and PI proteins direct floral organ...
Human behavior -- Mathematical models. ; Web usage mining. ; Internet users.
Whom we e-mail, where we browse, what we purchase, and the things we search for on the World Wide Web all leave identifiable traces of who we are as individuals. In today's technology focused landscape, cyberspace represents the new environment in...
Genetic and immunological tools have been used to study two protozoan parasites, Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasma gondii provides an excellent model for the study of protozoan parasite biology. Plasmodium falciparum causes...
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an immunoregulatory cytokine whose biological effects are mediated through interaction with specific receptors (IL-2R) on the surface of target cells. Due to its presumed role in generating a normal immune response, IL-2 is...
The goal of this work was to improve the computational tools for near-infrared light modeling for clinical applications in photodynamic therapy (PDT) analysis and eventual treatment planning. The tools to facilitate this modeling were developed in...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...
The study of twin primes gives rise to several famously difficult problems in number theory--in fact, we still cannot definitively say whether there are infinitely many twin primes. In this work, we consider a related problem, namely: What is the...
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are recently discovered family of genes with short non-coding RNA transcripts of 18 to 25 nucleotides in length. lin-4 and let-7 , the founding members of the miRNA gene family, control the timing of developmental programs in the...
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder that predisposes affected individuals to a variety of benign and malignant nervous system tumors. NF1 is caused by a mutation in the NF1 tumor suppressor gene, which encodes neurofibromin, a...
Glutamic acid -- Receptors. Ion channels -- Molecular aspects. Ligand binding (Biochemistry). Biological transport -- Regulation. Receptors.
AMPA receptors (AMPA-Rs) are glutamate-gated ion channels that mediate the majority of excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. AMPA-Rs are generally found in vivo as hetero-tetramers made up of a combination of the GluR1-GluR4 subunits....
Riemannian manifolds. Singularities (Mathematics). Laplacian operator. Spectral theory (Mathematics). Riemann surfaces. Curves on surfaces. Geometry
Historically, inverse spectral theory has been concerned with the relationship between the geometry and the spectrum of compact Riemannian manifolds, where spectrum means the eigenvalue spectrum of the Laplace operator as it acts on smooth...
Proteins, the basic structural and functional building blocks of cellular machinery, evolve under significant constraint. Evolutionary pressures limit the acceptable variation and covariation of amino acids in a protein. As such, these evolutionary...
Accurate segregation of meiotic chromosomes requires that sister-chromatids remain physically associated from the time of their synthesis during S phase until they segregate toward opposite poles at anaphase II. In Drosophila melanogaster meiosis,...
Goldman and Turaev constructed a Lie bialgebra structure on the free Z-module generated by free homotopy classes of loops on an oriented surface. Turaev conjectured that the cobracket of A is zero if and only if A is a power of a simple class. Chas...
Fluorescence molecular imaging will have an important clinical impact in the area of guided oncology surgery, where emerging technologies are poised to provide the surgeon with real-time molecular information to guide resection, using targeted...
In utero exposure to maternal malnutrition is associated with increase offspring susceptibility to cardiometabolic and neuropsychiatric disease. Epigenetic mechanisms mediate, at least in part, fetal adaptations to adverse in utero environments...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
In order to most effectively investigate protein structure and improve protein function, it is necessary to carefully plan appropriate experiments. The combinatorial number of possible experiment plans demands effective criteria and efficient...
Staphylococcus aureus is a formidable pathogen, and its high morbidity and mortality rates are compounded by its ability to quickly develop antibiotic resistance. The current antimicrobial pipeline is inadequate to curb this mounting public health...
The essential QSR1 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a member of a highly conserved family of genes found in eukaryotic and archaebacterial cells. QSR1 was discovered by its synthetic lethal relationship with QCR6, the nuclear encoded gene for...
The docking and fusion of cellular membranes plays an essential role in the secretory and endocytic pathways and in organelle inheritance. The homotypic fusion of vacuoles from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used as a model system to...
Spectral theory is the subfield of differential geometry which provided the solution to Kac''s famous question, "Can you hear the shape of a drum?" That is, can we use the Laplace spectrum of a manifold to draw conclusions about its geometry or...