In large and complex networks such as the Internet and road networks, traffic routing is typically decentralized. Users in the network choose their routes independently to minimize their own delay, leading to complicated and nonintuitive outcomes...
Social networks -- Mathematical models. Social networks -- Computer simulation. Dynamics. Social sciences -- Network analysis -- Methodology.
Detecting the significance of relationships between people is a complicated and difficult task. This is especially true when these relationships are intermixed with hundreds of different mundane and ordinary interactions that are simply background...
The central topic of the self has proven a vexing conundrum for philosophers and psychologists alike for centuries. Prior research suggests that the self is a powerful cognitive structure which biases attentional mechanisms in favor of apprehension...
Automated trust negotiation is a new approach to access control and authentication for the open systems such as the Internet, where sensitive interactions sometimes occur among entities with no prior knowledge of each other. Trust negotiation...
We present aligned hierarchies, a novel solution to the dimension reduction problem, representing high-dimensional and noisy sequential data as a low-dimensional object that encodes relevant information. In this thesis, we motivate our presentation...
Robots -- Control systems -- Design and construction. Mobile robots. Robots -- Dynamics.
This thesis examines the issues of vehicle and information dynamics in the control of a multi-robot system using a radial-basis potential function controller. Distributed control of multi-robot systems requires each robot to communicate state...
Robots -- Control systems. ; Robots -- Motion. ; Computer algorithms. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
Self-reconfiguring robots are robots composed of many physically connected modules which can change their structural configuration to support multiple functionalities. We claim that self-reconfiguring robots are more versatile, extensible, and...
In the late 1960s, Ihara began work that led to the Ihara zeta function, a zeta function which is defined on a finite graph. This function is an interesting graph invariant which gives information on expansion properties of the graph. It also...
Robot hands -- Design and construction. Robots -- Motion -- Mathematical models. Manipulators (Mechanism) -- Design and construction. Textile fabrics. Knots and splices. String.
Flexible objects are a challenge to manipulate. Their motions are hard to predict, and the high number of degrees of freedom makes sensing, control, and planning difficult. Additionally, they have more complex friction and contact issues than rigid...
The goal of this thesis has been to characterize the mechanisms of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) modulation of Î³-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA A ) receptors. I used whole cell patch clamp recording to investigate the effects of AAS on...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) facilitates communication between parts of the Internet by determining paths by which data can get from one network to any other. Just as IP is used ubiquitously as an addressing scheme, BGP is used ubiquitously...
Breast -- Cancer -- Tomography. Near infrared spectroscopy. Breast -- Cancer -- Imaging. Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis.
Near-infrared (NIR) light provides potential for a new approach to non-invasive detection, diagnosis and clinical management of breast cancer. Using NIR spectroscopic imaging techniques, the physiological information about breast tissue composition...
The immune system cannot effectively clear the highly motile, opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa in chronically infected patients. Phagocytosis is the primary means of bacterial clearance in P. aeruginosa infections, and thus the central...
During our fieldwork with real-world organizations---including those in Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), network configuration management, and the electrical power grid---we repeatedly noticed that security policies and related security artifacts...
Despite the array of targeted therapeutics that currently exist to combat breast cancer, disease progression leading to metastasis, and tumor recurrence still remains a significant clinical challenge. Efforts to identify novel pathways and...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
Red milkweed beetle. Insects -- Flight. Insects -- Dispersal.
Most detailed studies of insect flight and dispersal have used long flying species as subjects. Little is known of the flight ecology of comparatively short flying species. This thesis reports the findings of a 4 year study of the flight behavior...
Partially ordered sets. ; Convex polytopes. ; Representations of groups.
This thesis deals with geometric representations of ordered sets. In a geometric representation, each element of the ordered set is assigned a geometric object, with two elements incomparable in the ordered set if and only if the corresponding...
Computer input-output equipment. ; Computational grids (Computer systems). ; High performance computing. ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing.
High-performance computing increasingly occurs on computational grids composed of heterogeneous and geographically distributed systems of computers, networks, and storage devices that collectively act as a single virtual computer. A key challenge...
Si-based quantum devices, including Si/SiGe quantum dots (QD), are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (quits), which are a potential platform for quantum information processing [1]. Meanwhile, qubit readout remains a challenging task...
We study motion planning problems, finding trajectories that connect two configurations of a system, from two different perspectives: optimality and survivability. For the problem of finding optimal trajectories, we provide a model in which the...
This dissertation explores the spatial and temporal distributions of impurities in natural ice. Using polarized light, ion chromatography (IC), synchrotron x-ray topography (SXT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive...
Breast -- Cancer -- Tomography. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Imaging. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Diagnosis. ; Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. ; Image processing -- Digital techniques.
Near-infrared (NIR) light has the potential to be used as a non-invasive means of diagnostic imaging within the human breast. Due to the diffusive nature of light in tissue, computational model-based methods are required for functional imaging...
An interval order is an ordered set whose elements are in correspondence with a collection of intervals in a linearly ordered set, with disjoint intervals ordered by their relative position. The order complex of an ordered set is the simplicial...
The data presented herein demonstrate the requirement for CD154/CD40 in the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for multiple sclerosis. Blockade of CD154/CD40 interactions causes a decrease in T cell and...
The main research objective of this thesis is to address distributed target tracking for mobile sensor networks. Based on real-life limitations, we are particularly interested in mobile sensors with Limited Sensing Range (LSR). There are three...
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy -- Data processing. ; Proteins -- Analysis -- Mathematical models. ; Computer algorithms.
Our aim is to enhance high-throughput applications of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) through the development of efficient computational methods that operate on sparse (minimal) sets of experimental NMR data. We have developed a family of four...