Mobile agents (Computer software). ; Electronic data processing -- Distributed processing. ; Sequential processing (Computer science) -- Mathematical models.
Mobile agents have received much attention recently as a way to efficiently access distributed resources in a low bandwidth network. Planning allows mobile agents to make the best use of the available resources. This thesis studies several planning...
Experimental and theoretical aspects of macroscopic and mesoscopic elastic instability are investigated in this thesis. For the theoretical investigations we utilize a Lagrangian formulation of nonlinear continuum elasticity theory, the novel...
Thermodynamics, and the classic balance between entropy and enthalpy, provides a proverbial zoo of exotic phase behaviour that chemists can harness to create new materials out of simple liquids and polymers. The diversity of self-assembling...
Digital integrated circuits -- Testing. Digital integrated circuits -- Testing -- Mathematical models. Digital integrated circuits -- Design and construction.
We provide a theoretical model for a design involving a dc voltage biased Josephson junction (JJ) that strongly drives a high quality factor microwave cavity via the ac Josephson effect. We explore the rich classical dynamics of the resultant...
Motivated by quantum mechanics and geometric optics, it is a long-standing problem whether the length spectrum of a compact Riemannian manifold can be recovered from its Laplace spectrum. One route to proving that the length spectrum depends on the...
In this thesis, we study the dynamics of magnetic flows on compact nilmanifolds. Magnetic flows are generalizations of geodesic flows. They model the motion of a particle of unit mass and unit charge in a smooth manifold M in the presence of a...
Two-phase flow -- Mathematical models. ; Gas dynamics -- Mathematical models. ; Kinetic theory of gases.
The kinetic theory based gas-dynamical computational method, due to (Prendergast and Xu, 1993: Xu and Prendergast, 1994) is generalized to two-phase flow computations. The Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook kinetic model is generalized to the case of two...
In this thesis we review the methods for computation of cosmological correlations in the early universe known as the in-in formalism which are then applied to the problem of magnetogenesis from inflation. For this computation, a power-law single...
Second harmonic generation. ; Second harmonic generation -- Mathematical models. ; Glass -- Effect of infrared radiation on. ; Glass -- Electric properties.
Molecularly imprinted polymers are artificial networks designed to have many selective binding sites that are suitable for various applications. In order to develop more of these systems, the fabrication and characterization of imprinted polymers...
Si/SiGe quantum dots (QDs) are promising candidates for spin-based quantum bits (qubits) as a result of the reduced spin-orbit coupling as well as the Si isotopes with zero nuclear spin. Meanwhile qubit readout is a challenge related to...
Casimir effect. Zero-point field. Electric conductivity. Quantum electrodynamics.
The Casimir force arises from an alteration of boundary condition in vacuum and is often regarded as a manifestation of quantum zero point energy. Considerable progress has been made in the last decade with an impressive achievement of experimental...
This thesis comprises two separate but related studies, dealing with two strongly interacting nanoscale systems on the border between the quantum and classical domains. In Part 1, we use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study...
Quantum wires and dots can be created by patterning inhomogeneous strain on semiconductor quantum wells. I have used laser spectroscopic methods to study the carrier transfer from the host quantum well to quantum wires and dots. For quantum dot...
Magneto-spectroscopy is used to characterize the confinement properties of strain-induced quantum wires and dots. The wires and dots are low energy regions in an ordinary GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well that are formed when microscopic...
The problem of moving rigid bodies efficiently is of particular interest in robotics because the simplest model of a mobile robot or of a manipulated object is often a rigid body. Path planning, controller design and robot design may all benefit...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Magnetic nanoparticles are promising candidates for use in biomedical applications as remote sensors of biophysical properties, thermal therapy agents, and detectors of specific biomolecules. Many approaches have been used to model magnetic...
For ordinary knots in R 3 , there are no degree one Vassiliev invariants. For virtual knots, however, the space of degree one Vassiliev invariants is infinite dimensional. We introduce a sequence of three degree one Vassiliev invariants of virtual...
We study motion planning problems, finding trajectories that connect two configurations of a system, from two different perspectives: optimality and survivability. For the problem of finding optimal trajectories, we provide a model in which the...
The main driving force behind the development of computers was the attempt to solve problems that would otherwise require a large amount of time to be solved. Despite the technological development that has made computers ubiquitous in daily lives,...
Phase transitions occur in such diverse and important systems as ferromagnets, liquid crystals and the early Universe. The dynamics of phase transitions such as these have been studied for decades, but the analytical models still need a great deal...