Molecular optical imaging in vivo has potential for functional assessment of tumor tissue at the cellular and subcellular level. Advances in biological understanding of genomics and proteomics have increased the knowledge of possible cellular...
We present new forensic tools that are capable of detecting traces of tampering in digital images without the use of watermarks or specialized hardware. These tools operate under the assumption that images contain natural properties from a variety...
Constructibility (Set theory). Trees (Graph theory).
This thesis investigates possible initial segments of the degrees of constructibility. Specifically, we completely characterize the structure of degrees in generic extensions of the constructible universe L via forcing with Souslin trees. Then we...
Casimir effect. Zero-point field. Electric conductivity. Quantum electrodynamics.
The Casimir force arises from an alteration of boundary condition in vacuum and is often regarded as a manifestation of quantum zero point energy. Considerable progress has been made in the last decade with an impressive achievement of experimental...
Nerve growth factor (NGF), the prototypic neurotrophin, is well characterized for its pro-survival and growth effects in sympathetic and sensory neurons. Acting as a target-derived factor, NGF regulates the maturation of innervating neurons, and...
The Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) is responding sensitively to climate change and its meltwater has the potential to influence global sea level. Recently, large changes in the GrIS have occurred including increased velocities of outlet glaciers and...
In this thesis, we consider several problems relating to cyclic subgroups of the group [mathematical equation]. Each element of [mathematical equation] has a unique representative in one of the two intervals [mathematical equation] and...
Chemical sensing and separation is a constant challenge intriguing many scientists. Through numerous efforts, revolutionary techniques and innovative materials have been successfully developed to solve this old problem. However, a practical but...
Cataclysmic variable stars (CVs) are close, interacting binary systems comprised of a white dwarf and a companion star, which is typically a late-type dwarf star. Their progenitor systems are post common envelope binaries (PCEBs) with a white dwarf...
Digital integrated circuits -- Testing. Digital integrated circuits -- Testing -- Mathematical models. Digital integrated circuits -- Design and construction.
Fir waves are spatially and temporally repeating patterns of stand development and destruction in subalpine, balsam fir-dominated forests of the northeastern United States, perpetuated by downwind migration of strips of dying trees, "dieback...
Through a series of case studies, signal processing and statistical tools, analyses of dynamic sea ice processes of drift, deformation, and ice pack expansion and decay are investigated for the Weddell Sea region during 1992. Cavitating fluid (CAV)...
Electric generators -- Windings. Electric inductors -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Electric current converters -- Design and construction -- Mathematical models. Energy dissipation -- Mathematical models.
Magnetic components for high-frequency power conversion applications can have significant losses that compromise the performance of the converter. In particular, winding losses can be large due to high-frequency effects that are difficult to model...
Breast -- Cancer -- Tomography. ; Breast -- Cancer -- Imaging. ; Microwave imaging in medicine. ; Breast -- Electric properties. ; Breast Neoplasms -- diagnosis. ; Diagnostic Imaging -- methods.
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the gonadal hormone, testosterone. Despite their many untoward side effects, AAS are wildly abused for their ergogenic properties. AAS have numerous effects on many organ systems,...
Mitomycin C -- Mechanism of action. ; DNA -- Effect of mitomycin C on. ; Genetic expression -- Effect of mitomycin C on. ; DNA-protein interactions -- Effect of mitomycin C on.
Mitomycin C (MMC) is a chemotherapeutic drug that reacts with the N$\sp2$ of guanine to form monoadducts, interstrand and intrastrand crosslinks. These lesions, especially the interstrand crosslink, are believed to be responsible for the potent...
Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Magnetic nanoparticles are promising candidates for use in biomedical applications as remote sensors of biophysical properties, thermal therapy agents, and detectors of specific biomolecules. Many approaches have been used to model magnetic...
Boundary integral methods have long been used to solve boundary value problems for elliptic partial differential equations with piecewise constant coefficients, since they have several numerical advantages over conventional volume discretization....
Mutualisms may facilitate coupled population expansion or decline if changes in either partner species lead to similar changes in the other species. However, few studies have measured how both species in a mutualism respond to changes in each...
For ordinary knots in R 3 , there are no degree one Vassiliev invariants. For virtual knots, however, the space of degree one Vassiliev invariants is infinite dimensional. We introduce a sequence of three degree one Vassiliev invariants of virtual...
T cells. T cells -- Receptors. CD antigens. CD4 antigen. Immunologic memory. Herpesvirus diseases -- Immunological aspects. Vaccinia. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes -- immunology. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes -- immunology. Herpesviridae Infections --...
The phenomenon of immunological memory has been known for thousands of years. This knowledge has been applied to vaccination, which has resulted in a dramatic reduction in the number of deaths due to infectious diseases. Immunological memory is...