In the past decade, the use of ordinal patterns in the analysis of time series and dynamical systems has become an important tool. Ordinal patterns (otherwise known as a permutation patterns) are found in time series by taking n data points at...
This thesis explores practical and theoretical aspects of several privacy-providing technologies, including tools for anonymous web-browsing, verifiable electronic voting schemes, and private information retrieval from databases. State-of-art...
Geology -- Guatemala -- Lake Atitlan area; Volcanism -- Guatemala -- Lake Atitlan area; Calderas -- Guatemala -- Lake Atitlan area.
Geological mapping, petrological and geophysical studies in the lake Atitlan area, Guatemala, have revealed four distinct periods of stratovolcano growth, each followed by major silicic eruptions and caldera collapse. The first period (12 - 11 my...
Despite the array of targeted therapeutics that currently exist to combat breast cancer, disease progression leading to metastasis, and tumor recurrence still remains a significant clinical challenge. Efforts to identify novel pathways and...
The performance of machine learning algorithms largely depends on data representation. As a critical step in machine learning, representation learning (feature learning) learns a transformation of training data to give a new representation that can...
Health status indicators -- Measurement. Health surveys -- Methodology. Medical economics. Spine -- Diseases.
Several ""health state classification systems"" are available to estimate health state values (HSV) for economic evaluation. Evidence of variation in estimates from different systems raises concern that system choice may affect study conclusions...
PDZ protein-protein interaction domains recognize short linear motif (SLiM) sequences typically at the extreme C-terminus of a target protein. These domains often act as scaffolds, connecting target proteins to additional interaction and catalytic...
For many scientific applications, the data set cannot entirely fit in main memory. The data must reside out-of-core, i.e., on parallel disks. For many basic data-movement operations such as permuting, if the programmer does not design efficient...
This thesis centers around a generalization of the classical discrete Fourier transform. We first present a general diagrammatic approach to the construction of efficient algorithms for computing the Fourier transform of a function on a finite...
Over the past decade, a pair of instructions called load-linked (LL) and store-conditional (SC) have emerged as the most suitable synchronization instructions for the design of lock-free algorithms. However, current architectures do not support...
We present a number of findings concerning groupoid dynamical systems and groupoid crossed products. The primary result is an identification of the spectrum of the groupoid crossed product when the groupoid has continuously varying abelian...
Graph algorithms. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy -- Data processing. Proteins -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Proteins -- Crosslinking -- Mathematical models. Protein folding -- Mathematical models.
The study of three-dimensional protein structures produces insights into protein function at the molecular level. Graphs provide a natural representation of protein structures and associated experimental data, and enable the development of graph...
Numerical modeling of the global heliosphere provides key insights into the physics of the outer heliosphere. The solar wind data utilized by these models impacts their accuracy and should be as close as possible to the actual solar wind. Ideally,...
We study the bijective combinatorics of reduced words. These are fundamental objects in the study of Coxeter groups. We restrict our focus to reduced words of permutations and signed permutations. Our results can all be situated within the context...
The overarching goal of this thesis was two-fold. First, to determine if the effects of chronic anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) treatment on anxiety-like behaviors are sex-specific and second to determine how different environmental modulators...
Optical tomography. ; Near infrared spectroscopy. ; Image analysis -- Mathematical models. ; Imaging systems -- Image quality -- Mathematical models. ; Image reconstruction -- Mathematical models. ; Least squares. Breast -- Tomography.
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has the potential to become a non-invasive and non-ionizing diagnostic imaging technique for breast cancer imaging. DOT uses near-infrared (NIR) light to illuminate the breast, generally through the use of fiber...
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the gonadal hormone, testosterone. Despite their many untoward side effects, AAS are wildly abused for their ergogenic properties. AAS have numerous effects on many organ systems,...
Prostacyclin (PGI 2 ) is a major product of COX-2 catalyzed metabolism of arachidonic acid in the endothelium and has been shown to be atheroprotective. PGI 2 signals though its G-coupled protein receptor (GPCR) the human Prostacyclin receptor...
In this thesis, we present different approaches to tying knots using robots by enforcing different types of constraints. We attack the problem from three different directions; mechanical design, motion planning with simple control strategies, and...
Human epidemiological and animal studies have associated inhalation of nickel dusts with increased incidence of pulmonary fibrosis. The current studies examined the hypothesis that nickel promotes pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting fibrinolysis and...
This thesis is divided into 2 parts. In the first part of the thesis, we describe a software based approach to speeding up the Magnetic Resonance Imaging modality. In the second part of the thesis, we describe Significance Tree Quantization, which...
Magnetic resonance imaging. ; Nuclear magnetic resonance.
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides unique contrast reflecting the translational motion of water in its microscopic environment. This imaging modality has been shown to highlight infarcted regions within minutes after an...