This thesis considers the two special sensor networks for future sensor network design: mobile sensor networks and hybrid network of sensors and robots. To investigate two types of networks, we abstract two most important aspects that are ingrained...
Lowest order charged particle motion in the Earth''s magnetosphere can be explained using simple adiabatic theory. However, nonadiabatic theory is required to explain particle behavior in cases such as when the particle's gyroradius is large...
Plant genetic engineering. ; Plants -- Effect of cadmium on. ; Cadmium -- Physiological transport.
Iron plays a central role in key biological processes in both plants and animals. Lack of available iron commonly limits plant growth and nutritional value. Worldwide, dietary iron is primarily obtained from plant sources and, despite our best...
Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE) has emerged as a noninvasive, quantitative physical examination of the elastic properties of soft biological tissues including breast, liver, prostate, and brain. Implementation of constitutive relations that...
Multiresolution image transformations have become commonplace tools for analyzing images for a number of applications, including enhancement and restoration. Powerful models for these applications have been developed in the transform domain of...
Chapter 1: Munchnones and mesoionic heterocycles The reactivity, regioselectivity, and synthetic applications of munchnones (1,3-oxazolium-5-olates) is a common theme which runs through Chapters 2-5. The definition, structure, and reactivity of...
A yearly breast contrast-MR scan is recommended to high-risk women because of MR's high sensitivity to breast tumors. However, breast contrast-MR yields a high number of false positives that lead to expensive and sometimes unnecessary biopsy...
This thesis constitutes the first steps in the author's program to investigate the question of when a homotopy of 2-cocycles Ï‰ = {Ï‰[subscript t]}[subscript tâˆŠ[0,1]] on a locally compact Hausdorff groupoid Æ“ induces an isomorphism of the...
Boundary integral methods have long been used to solve boundary value problems for elliptic partial differential equations with piecewise constant coefficients, since they have several numerical advantages over conventional volume discretization....
The accelerated expansion of space in the Universe has been known for two decades. However, finding a plausible theory that describes this expansion is more difficult: Taking general relativity for granted requires us to stipulate the existence of...
The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), also known as the prion diseases, are a unique group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases affecting humans and other mammals that have infectious, inherited and sporadic etiologies. A central...
Motivated by quantum mechanics and geometric optics, it is a long-standing problem whether the length spectrum of a compact Riemannian manifold can be recovered from its Laplace spectrum. One route to proving that the length spectrum depends on the...
We describe a set of natural image statistics that are built upon two multi-scale image decompositions, the quadrature mirror filter pyramid decomposition and the local angular harmonic decomposition. These image statistics consist of first- and...
The main research objective of this thesis is to address distributed target tracking for mobile sensor networks. Based on real-life limitations, we are particularly interested in mobile sensors with Limited Sensing Range (LSR). There are three...
Eddy currents (Electric) -- Mathematical models. Electric generators -- Windings. Finite element method.
Magnetic components, such as transformers and inductors, are essential parts of most power electronics circuits. They usually are the largest components in the circuit, and also account for a large portion of the power loss. Reducing the volume of...
Introduction. This chapter provides a brief overview of the thesis. Chapter 1: tert-butyl-diphosphabutarene - Synthesis and reactivity of a novel phosphacycle. Treatment of 1,2-bis(dichlorophosphino)benzene (12) with tert-butylmagesium chloride...
In an undercooled environment any protuberance or bump on a planar solid/liquid interface that extends into the melt enhances its growth since the surrounding temperature gradient is greater than that about the planar surface. Consequently, the...
We pose several adversarial variants of the multi-armed bandit scenario and propose new approaches for their play and analysis. Our casino patron seeks to discover information about an unknown system as a means to long-term payoff -- exploration...
Evolutionary Computation (EC) is one of the most advanced computational techniques. It has been frequently and successfully used to find good solutions to many complicated optimization problems with limited computational resources. EC is the...
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) facilitates communication between parts of the Internet by determining paths by which data can get from one network to any other. Just as IP is used ubiquitously as an addressing scheme, BGP is used ubiquitously...
The efficacy of many chemotherapeutic agents can be attenuated by expression of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-X and Mcl-1. When ML-1 leukemia cells are incubated with vinblastine, they rapidly upregulate Mcl-1. Suppression of Mcl-1 with...
Oligomers -- Structure -- Mathematical models. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Medical Term: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular.
Protein complexes play vital roles in the fundamental processes of life. In particular, homo-oligomers are involved in cell signaling, regulation, and transport. To make detailed studies of these symmetric proteins, they need to be discovered, and...
Self-reconfiguring (SR) robots are modular systems that can autonomously change shape, or reconfigure , for increased versatility and adaptability in unknown environments. In this thesis, we investigate planning and control for systems of...