This thesis contains some results concerning groupoid dynamical systems and crossed products. We introduce the notion of a proper groupoid dynamical system and of its generalized fixed point algebra. We show that our notion of proper groupoid...
This thesis investigates a notion of Turing reducibility introduced by Winkler [8] that is total on all computably enumerable oracles. Groszek and Weber show in [7] that this is a new notion of reducibility and it is not transitive. They give su...
In Chapter 2 we look at the distribution of permutation statistics in the context of pattern-avoiding permutations. The first part of this chapter deals with a recursively defined bijection of Robertson [37] between 123- and 132-avoiding...
There are no Vassiliev invariants of degree one for classical knots. A. Henrich proved the existence of a sequence of three Vassiliev invariants of degree one for virtual knots. The invariants get stronger and stronger, and the final invariant is...
The problem of perceived annoyance as a function of number of noise events and maximum noise level was investigated in a series of seven laboratory experiments. Four models were tested: the Equal Energy Model, the Scandinavian Model, the Variance...
The present work examines the cognitive structure of the self-concept. Improving upon established measures of self-complexity (H -statistic), cognitive complexity of the self-concept is measured in terms of the number of self-aspects and the...
Coding theory. Characters of groups. Error-correcting codes (Information theory). Polynomials.
We introduce vector-valued character theory, a higher dimensional generalization of character theory. We then use vector-valued characters to extend the MacWilliams equivalence theorem for linear codes to a class of additive codes, called...
Multisensor data fusion. Sensor networks. Plumes (Fluid dynamics). Automatic tracking. Signal processing -- Digital techniques -- Mathematics.
The work in this thesis deals with a novel approach for detecting and tracking chemical plumes in distributed sensor networks. The ultimate objective is solving the inverse location problem: given unknown sources released at unknown times, the...
Protein kinases -- Mechanism of action. Sodium channels -- Genetic aspects. Glucocorticoids. Acetylation. Histones. Sgk protein. Receptors
The serum and glucocorticoid induced kinase 1 (SGK1) is involved in aldosterone-induced Na + reabsorption by increasing epithelial Na + channel (ENaC) activity in cortical collecting duct (CCD) cells. We found the SGK1-GFP fusion protein is...
Sodium cotransport systems.
Chemoreceptors.
Respiration -- Regulation -- Genetic aspects.
Brown garden snail -- Respiration.
Carbon dioxide in the body.
Arginine.
Antisense DNA -- Genetics.
Studies of central CO 2 chemosensors are hampered by the complexity of mammalian central nervous systems. Our laboratory developed the pulmonate snail, Helix aspersa , as a relatively simple alternative to mammalian models. A question concerning...
The localization of the putative adhesin LapA to the cell surface is a key regulatory step required by Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf0-1 to irreversibly attach to a surface and form a biofilm. LapA contains several domains conserved in predicted...
Bayesian nonparametric methods have become increasingly popular in machine learning for their ability to allow the data to determine model complexity. In particular, Bayesian nonparametric versions of common latent variable models can learn as...
We examine variations of cops and robbers games on graphs. Our goals are to introduce some randomness into their study, and to estimate (expected) capture time. We show that a cop chasing a random walker can capture him in expected time n + o(n)....
The demand for novel molecularly targeted drugs will continue to rise as we make progress toward personalizing cancer treatments to the molecular signatures of individual tumors. While the collection and analysis of genomic data has become routine,...
MicroRNA-10b (miR-10b) is considered a marker of disease aggressiveness in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), in view of the fact that lower levels of miR-10b are associated with better response to neoadjuvant therapy, likelihood of surgical...
Accurate chromosome segregation in human oocytes requires that meiotic sister chromatid cohesion remain intact for decades and work in model organisms indicates that deterioration of meiotic cohesion over time may be a major determinant of...
Thermodynamics, and the classic balance between entropy and enthalpy, provides a proverbial zoo of exotic phase behaviour that chemists can harness to create new materials out of simple liquids and polymers. The diversity of self-assembling...
We have a limited understanding of how an opinion is originated, how an opinion and information supporting and explaining it gets conveyed, and how the communicated opinion is perceived and processed by others. One direction of current research...
Objectives: This dissertation comprises three essays on geographic variations in healthcare, and the association between utilization and health outcomes. I first explore associations between outpatient visits and Medicare beneficiaries'...
During our fieldwork with real-world organizations---including those in Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), network configuration management, and the electrical power grid---we repeatedly noticed that security policies and related security artifacts...
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and their associated cyclins are key regulators of cell cycle progression. Caenorhabditis elegans has two predicted A- type cyclins, encoded by the genes cya-1 and cya-2. Cyclin A has been shown to be required for...
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are susceptible to respiratory tract infections at an early age; with the most frequent initial isolate being the Gram-positive pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Subsequently, these patients become chronically...
We begin with a result on the refocussing of null geodesics in space-times. We show that all oriented refocussing 2-dimensional Lorentz manifolds are also strongly refocussing. We also introduce a theory of virtual Legendrian knots. We show that...
After decades of searching we have yet to find the progenitor systems for type Ia supernovae. In fact most of what we know about this homogeneous class of supernovae is from spectral features associated with the incinerated remains of the C+O white...