Coherent states. Quantum field theory. Nonlinear theories.
In this thesis we study the properties of time-dependent, nontopological configurations and their effect on the macroscopic properties of a system described by a nonlinear field theory. These structures seem to be ubiquitous in relativistic field...
Little is known about the emergence of life from nonliving precursors. A key missing- piece is the origin of homochirality: nearly all life is characterized by exclusively dextrorotary sugars and levorotary amino acids. The research presented in...
This thesis focuses on the emergence of universal dynamical scaling in quantum critical spin systems driven out of equilibrium, with emphasis on quench dynamics which involves isolated standard critical points, multi-critical points, and...
Phase transitions occur in such diverse and important systems as ferromagnets, liquid crystals and the early Universe. The dynamics of phase transitions such as these have been studied for decades, but the analytical models still need a great deal...
Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is the most common bearing material in joint arthroplasty due to its biocompatibility, its wear resistance, and its mechanical toughness. Despite the favorable properties of UHMWPE and its success...