APETALA3 ( AP3 ) and PISTILLATA ( PI ) are floral organ identity genes that are necessary and sufficient for petal and stamen development. Surprisingly little is known about molecular mechanisms by which AP3 and PI proteins direct floral organ...
Information retrieval -- Mathematical models. ; Electronic information resource searching. ; Computer algorithms. ; Decision making -- Data processing. ; Mathematical optimization.
This thesis presents a unified method for simultaneous solution of three problems in Information Retrieval--metasearch (the fusion of ranked lists returned by retrieval systems to elicit improved performance), efficient system evaluation (the...
This thesis focuses on the emergence of universal dynamical scaling in quantum critical spin systems driven out of equilibrium, with emphasis on quench dynamics which involves isolated standard critical points, multi-critical points, and...
In this thesis we look at several problems that lie in the intersection between combinatorial and multiplicative number theory. A common theme of many of these problems are estimates for and properties of the smooth numbers, those integers not...
Magnetosphere -- Mathematical models. Magnetic reconnection -- Mathematical models.
In this thesis we present the results of two studies of magnetic reconnection at the dayside magnetopause using the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry magnetospheric simulation code. The first study examined the global properties of reconnection as a function of...
Current theories of visual category learning posit a representation of category rules and visual features that critically define those categories that are encoded separately and distributed throughout the cerebral cortex. Neuroimaging and...
Magnetic susceptibility imaging of magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs) has many potential applications in biomedicine such as contrast enhanced imaging and image guidance for magnetic hyperthermia therapy. This thesis describes three imaging methods...
In this thesis, we characterize and enumerate the permutations which are realized by the orbits of signed shifts, a family of discrete dynamical systems on words. The permutations, which are called patterns of the signed shifts, are given by the...
In this thesis we study 1=k-geodesics, those closed geodesics that minimize on any subinterval of length L=k, where L is the length of the geodesic. These curves arise as critical points of the uniform energy, a function introduced in Morse theory...
Chronic neuropathic pain is a debilitating condition that exacts an emotional and physical toll on its sufferers and their family as well as an enormous monetary toll on society. Neuropathic pain can arise following nerve injury induced by trauma,...
Diagnostic imaging -- Mathematics. Expectation-maximization algorithms. Imaging systems in medicine -- Mathematics.
We have developed a general-purpose registration algorithm for medical images and volumes. The transformation between images is modeled as locally affine but globally smooth, and explicitly accounts for local and global variations in image...
The unifying theme of this work has been the use of forward genetics to identify three new genes - each thought to play an important yet unrecognized role in either the core circadian oscillator of Neurospora crassa , or in its main physiological...
Strong evidence exists showing that stellar evolution models are unable to accurately predict the fundamental properties of low-mass stars. Observations of low-mass stars in detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) indicate that stellar models...
The purpose of this thesis is to describe methods for detecting hidden crevasses on glaciers in Polar regions. Crevasses form in ice sheets as a result of forces imposed upon the brittle ice. The crevasses are hidden from view by bridges of soft...
We begin with a result on the refocussing of null geodesics in space-times. We show that all oriented refocussing 2-dimensional Lorentz manifolds are also strongly refocussing. We also introduce a theory of virtual Legendrian knots. We show that...
Proteins are ubiquitous in cells and are essential to a wide range of biological processes. Since existing proteins occupy only a small portion of the space of possible amino acid composition, understanding their sequence-structure-function...
Across mammalian species, adolescence is characterized by a unique combination of cognitive, behavioral and neurobiological changes. Behavioral tendencies observed during this period promote a variety of flexible interactions with the surrounding...
Violent video games are immensely popular among children and adults, making it crucial to understand how these games affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of those who play them. The present research proposed an account by which video game...
'The control of waves using periodic structures is crucial for modern optical, electromagnetic and acoustic devices such as diffraction gratings, filters, photonic crystals, solar cells, sensors, and absorbers. We present a high-order accurate...
This research attempts to combine known methodology with new chemistry towards the preparation of extended polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The generation and Diels-Alder trapping of 1,7- and 2,6-naphthalene bisarynes was attempted for the...
All ecological theories regarding the distribution and relative abundance of species refer to organisms'' abilities to utilize an environment and (sometimes implicitly) their ability to colonize and re-colonize habitats that change in character or...
The Maine Coastal Current (MCC) flows south-westward along the New England coast in the Gulf of Maine. Red tides, river-borne pollutants, and biological species are hypothesized to be transported by the MCC. The transport pathways, and their...